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28 terms

Skeletal Diseases

STUDY
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Achondroplasia
type of dwarfism; retarded cartilage and/or bone formation
Acromegaly
abnormal enlargement of bones (8 to 9 times); overproduction of growth hormone
Bursitis
inflamed fluid-filled sac in a joint
Dislocation
displacement of a bone from its joint
Fallen arches
natural arch of the foot rests on the floor
Gout
uric acid (urine) in the joints
Lumbago
dull ache in the lumbar region
Lyme's disease
causes a form of infectious arthritis; caused by a spirochete from the bite of a tick
Osteitis
infection of a bone
Osteogenesis imperfecta
deformed and abnormally brittle bones (too much calcium)
Osteoma
tumor composed of bone tissue
Osteomalacia
softening of bones due to a vitamin D deficiency in adults
Osteomyelitis
bacterial or fungal infection of the bone
Osteoporosis
porous and brittle bone due to lack of calcium (adults)
Rheumatism
inflammation of tissue around a joint
Rickets
abnormalities in shape and structures of bone caused by vitamin D deficiency (in children)
Scoleosis
lateral curvature of the spine
Spina bifida
lack of union between lumbar vertebrae
Sprain
pulled ligaments
Arthralgia
pain in a joint
Arthrocentesis
removal of fluid from a joint
Hemarthrosis
blood in a joint
Laminectomy
removal of a portion of a vertebra (to relieve a ruptured disc)
Orthopedics
a correction of deformities of the skeletal system
Ostalgia
pain in a bone
Ostectomy
removal of part of a bone
Osteonecrosis
death of a bone
Osteopathology
study of bone diseases