44 terms

SS6H2 The student will explain the development of Latin America and the Caribbean from European colonies to independent nations

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voyage
a long journey by sea (or in space)
colony
A settlement ruled by another country
slavery
A system of forcing people to work in which some people are owned by other people.
West Indies
Another name for the Caribbean Islands; Columbus thought he arrived in India when he was actually in the Carribean Sea
triangular trade
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s; Africa sent slaves to America, America sent raw materials to Europe, and Europe sent guns and rum to Africa
plantation
A large tract of land that produced staple crops such as sugar, coffee, and tobacco; was farmed by slave labor and was owned by a colonial settler.
labor
human effort used to make goods and services
goods
Items purchased to satisfy needs and wants; products; merchandise
merchant
A person who makes money by selling goods
aristocracy
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
manufactured
a product that has been processed with machinery in a factory
encomienda
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
export
send goods to another country to be sold
immunity
A natural resistance to sickness or disease
mission
a religious community where Catholic priests taught Christianity
monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
Christianity
religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and the Old and New testaments of the Bible
Middle Passage
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
import
bring goods in from another country for sale
mestizo
A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry
mulatto
A person of mixed African and European ancestry
raw materials
items in their natural state or condition that have not been processed or manufactured in any way
Toussaint L'Ouverture
A freed slave who joined in a slave revolt. Led the war of Haitian independence
Simon Bolivar
"the liberator"-freed Columbia, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia from Spanish rule
France
the European country that once ruled Haiti
Hispaniola
The name of the Caribbean island that is made up of Haiti and the Dominican Republic
Spain
This European country once ruled nearly every country in Latin America
criollo
a person with Spanish parents who was born in Latin America
guerrilla
Spanish for "little war"; a person who engages in irregular warfare such as ambushes and sabotage
royalist
A supporter of government by a monarch (king or queen)
Portuguese
The language spoken in Brazil and Portugal
Catholic
The Christian church brought to the Americas by Europeans that still dominates Latin America today
peasants
poor people who worked the land or served the nobles
Miguel Hidalgo
Mexican priest who led peasants in call for independence and improved conditions during the Mexican Revolution
Mexico
Country in which Miguel Hidalgo helped lead a war for independence from Spain
Colombia
South American country between Panama and Bolivia in which Simón Bolivar helped win independence from Spain
Bolivia
South American country named after Simón Bolívar; he helped it gain independence from Spain
Haiti
formerly called Saint-Domingue; birthplace of Toussaint L'Ouverture; he helped it win independence from France
Venezuela
country where Simón Bolivar was born; he helped it win independence from Spain
Grito de Dolores
a speech by Father Miguel Hildalgo that called for Mexican citizens to rise up and fight for independence
Napolean Bonaparte
French emperor, Leader of the French Army during French Revolution, and tried to take over the world
gachupines
Spaniards born in Spain but living in Mexico (also called Peninsulares)
Spanish Inquisition
An organization of priests in Spain that looked for and punished anyone suspected of secretly practicing their old religion.
treason
Betrayal or disloyalty to one's country
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