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41 terms

Human Behavior: Memory

STUDY
PLAY
Memory
the process by which we recollect proir experiences, information, and skills learned
episodic memory*
a memory of a specific event that took place in a persons presence (you remember b/c you were there)
flashbulb memory*
type of episode memory when you can recall events in great detail
generic
general knowledge that people remember (ex. first president)
procedural memory*
consists of skills or procedures that you have learned
encoding
first stage of memory; translation of information into a form that can be stored
visual codes
when you try to remember something and you see it as a picture
acoustic rehearsal*
remembering information by reading and repeating it over and over
semantic codes
relating information to personal meaning
storage*
2nd process of memory; the maintenance of information of a period of time
maintenance rehersal*
repeating information over and over to keep from forgeting it
elaborate rehearsal*
a new effective way you remember information by making itt meaningful to known information (ex. passcodes, abc's)
organizational rehersal
memories that you store and arrange in your mind in a certain order
filing errors
when your healthy functioning mind is subject to error (not remembering)
retrieval*
3rd process of memory; locating stored information and returning it to conscious thought
context dependent memories*
context of a memory or situation in which the person first had the experience (go back to that place)
state dependent memory*
memories are retrieved because of the mood you are in
tip of the tongue
when you come close to retrieving information but can not fully articulate the memory
sensory memory
1st stage of memory; consists of the immediate initial recording of information that enters through your senses
iconic memory*
snapshots; photographic memory that is extremely brief
eidetic memory
ability to remember photos for a long period of time (photographic memory)
echoic memory*
mental traces of sound held in a sensory register
short term memory
2nd stage of memory; your working memory.. memories held briefly in a sensory register & will remain there until the sensory memory goes away
Primacy effect
Recalling the first items in a list of items
Recency effect
Recalling the last items in a list of items
Chunking*
Organization of items into familiar or manageable groups
Interference*
When new information appears in short term memory and takes the place of what is already there
Long term memory
Final stage of memory; if you want to remember something longer you take steps to remember it
Schemas*
Representations of the world that we organize from bits of information into knowledge
Reconstructive
Memory you try to get back
Recognition*
Memory task; identifying or recognizing objects or events that have happened before
Recall
To bring something back to your mind (specific information)
Relearning
To relearn previous known information
Decay
Fading away of a memory like a burning candle (grandparents)
Repression
A memory that is hidden because is so unpleasant that it causes anxiety or depression (comes through in dreams) (Sigmund Freud)
Amnesia
Severe memory loss caused by brain injury, fatigue, shock, or illness
Infantile memory
When you can't remember anything before the age of 3
Anterograde amnesia*
Memory loss from trauma that prevents you from forming new memories
Retrograde amnesia*
Forgetting the events leading up to a traumatic event (like a concussion)
Sociobiology
Biological view of aggression; Subfield of biology concerned with the behavior of humans and animals
Catharsis
Tactics such as venting of aggressive impulses