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Terms in this set (56)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (Russia) was a communist country
stalin, FDR and Churchill met to discuss final strategy to defeat Germany
an international organization formed in 1945 to increase political and economic cooperation among its member countries
These were nations that were aligned with, but also under the influence and pressure of, the Soviet Union
States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union, but sought to remain independent or neutral
it was a United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism abroad
the multinational occupation of post-World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin and the united states air lifted supplies to the USSR occupied part of Berlin.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Cold War military alliance (USA + Western Europe vs. USSR). its primary purpose was to unify and strengthen the Western Allies' military response to a possible invasion of western Europe by the Soviet Union
A military alliance of communist nations in eastern Europe. Organized in 1955 in answer to NATO, the Warsaw Pact included Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union.
The practice of causing or allowing a situation to become extremely dangerous in order to get the results that you want
officially the European Recovery Program, ERP was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II
the first in a series of containment moves by the United States
The name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The term symbolizes the efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its satellite states from open contact with the West
The Communist East German authorities built the wall that totally encircled West Berlin
Was a competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare between the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective allies
French word meaning release from tension. it was the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that began tentatively in 1971
refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US)
Sputnik 1 successfully launched and entered Earth's orbit. Thus, began the space age. The successful launch shocked the world, giving the former Soviet Union the distinction of putting the first human-made object into space.
it is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of 5,500 kilometers (3,400 mi) primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery
Soviet-occupied countries during World War II
a conflict instigated by a major power that does not itself become involved.
began when the North Korean Communist army crossed the 38th Parallel and invaded non-Communist South Korea. (1950-1953)
line of latitude that separated North and South Korea
is a US spy plane and was shot down while in Soviet airspace.
The US theory that stated, if one country would fall to Communism then they all would.
a member of the communist guerrilla movement in Vietnam that fought the South Vietnamese government forces 1954-75 with the support of the North Vietnamese army
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese nationalist who drove the French out of Vietnam and who led North Vietnam
communist guerrilla organization which opposed the Cambodian government in the 1960s and waged a civil war from 1970, taking power in 1975.
Leader of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, who terrorized the people of Cambodia throughout the 1970's
Communist dictator of Cuba who came into power in 1959.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government.
Cuban missile crisis
A confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers on the issue of arms control
Was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, new leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Stalin in 1956
The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), also known as Star Wars, was a program first initiated on March 23, 1983 under President Ronald Reagan. The intent of this program was to develop a sophisticated anti-ballistic missile system in order to prevent missile attacks from other countries, specifically the Soviet Union.
the policy, pursued in most Communist areas and among most Communist groups after 1956, of eradicating the memory or influence of Stalin and Stalinism, as by alteration of governmental policies or the elimination of monuments and place names
)) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his open policy reform.
Gorbachev's policy of openness
served as Army Chief of Staff and then took on the uncomfortable role as president of Columbia University. In 1951-52, he served as the first Supreme Commander of NATO. ... His administration provided major aid to help the French fight off Vietnamese Communists
For fourteen days during October 1962, the world held its breath as John F Kennedy (known as JFK) and Nikita Khrushchev tried to reach a compromise and avoid nuclear war.
In 1960, Nixon lost his bid for the presidency in a close race with Democrat John F. Kennedy (1917-63). He ran for the White House again in 1968 and won. As president, Nixon's achievements included forging diplomatic ties with China and the Soviet Union, and withdrawing U.S. troops from an unpopular war in Vietnam.
helped redefine the purpose of government and pressured the Soviet Union to end the Cold War.
Soviet leader of the 1980s who worked with Reagan to end the Cold War
He joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) in 1961 where he worked on a variety of construction projects. From there Yeltsin worked up the ranks of the CPSU as member of the Politburo, the central policy-making and governing body of the CPSU. In April of 1985, Yeltsin was summoned to Moscow by CSPU General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to be a member of a reform ideas team.
Commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Tensions between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) in the 1950s resulted in armed conflict over strategic islands in the Taiwan Strait
Great Leap Forward
Mao Zedong's attempt to build Chinese industry and agriculture
Little Red Book
Book of Mao Zedong's philosophies
Mao believed that both had to grow to allow the other to grow. Industry could only prosper if the work force was well fed, while the agricultural workers needed industry to produce the modern tools needed for modernisation. To allow for this, China was reformed into a series of communes. People in a commune gave up their ownership of tools, animals etc so that everything was owned by the commune. People now worked for the commune and not for themselves
The Cultural Revolution
Using Red Guards, Mao attempted to use this program to renew communist loyalties
Name given to the young "communist enforcers" of China during the Cultural Revolution
These called for progress in agriculture, industry, defense, and science and technology in China.
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
Square in the capital of Beijing; scene of a student demonstration and massacre
Kim Jung Il
Son of Kim Il Sung and second paramount leader of North Korea
an Argentine revolutionary leader who was Fidel Castro's chief lieutenant in the Cuban revolution
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