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59 terms

Medix-Skeletal System (yellow mod)

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Acetabulum
cup-like depression in the hip bone which holds the head of the femur.
Acoustogram
Record of sounds produced by motion of a joint.
ankylosis
Stiffening or fusion of a joint.
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the extremeities, pelvic girdle and shoulder girdle.
Arthralgia
Pain in the joint
Arthrocentesis
Surgical puncture of a joint
Arthroclasia
Artificial breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement.
Arthroplasty
Surgical repair of a joint.
Arthroscopy
Visualization of the interior of the joint.
Articulation
Joint.
Axial Skeleton
Bone of the skull, thorax, and vertebral column
Calcaneitis
Inflammation of the heel bone.
Calcaneodynia
Pain in the heel bone.
Chondritis
Inflammation in the cartilage.
Claudication
Limping
Condyle
Rounded elevation from the bone surface.
Costectomy
Surgical remocal of the ribs
Crepitation
Grating sound that is heard when the ends of broken bones move together.
Fossa
Depression in bone surface.
Genu Valgus
Kock-knee
Genu Varus
Bowleg
Greenstick Fracture
A partial fracture (hair line fracture) in which only one side of the bone is broken.
Hemarthrosis
Blood in the joint
Infrasternal
Below the sternum
Ischialgia
Pain in the ischium
Kyphosis
Forward curvature of the spine (hunchback)
Laminectomy
Excision of the vertebrae
Lordosis
Forward curvature of the spine
Lumbago
Lower back pain
Luxation
Dislocation of bone from the joint
Malleolus
Forms the bony prominence of the ankle joint
Manubrium
Upper portion of the sternum
Myelocele
Herniation of the spinal cord
Olecranon Process
Forms the bony prominence at the elbow
Osteiarthritis
Inflammation of the bones and joints
Osteoblast
Embryonic bone cells
Osteoclasis
Surgical fracture of bone to correct deformities.
Osterlysis
Destruction of bone tissure.
Osteomalacia
Siftening of bone
Osteomyelitis
Inflammation of bone and bone forming tissue.
Osteonecrosis
Destruction and death of bone tissue.
Osteoporosis
Disorder which causes done to become brittle and easly fractured.
Osteorrhaphy
Suturing or wiring of bones.
Paget's Disease
Extensive bone destruction followed by abnormal bone repair.
Periostitis
Inflammation of periosteum.
Popliteal
Posterior surface of the knee.
Rachialgia
Pain in the spine.
Rachicentesis
Surgical puncture into the spinal column.
Scapulothoracic
Pertaining to the scapula and chest.
Scoliosis
Sideway curvature of the spine.
Sesamoid bone
Bones which do not articulate with other bones.
Spiral Fracture
Fracture where the bone has been twisted apart.
Spondylitis
Inflammation of the spinal vertebrea.
Spondyloarthropathy
Disease of the joints in the spine.
Spondylolisthesis
Forward movement of one of thelower vertebrae on the vertebrae below it.
Syndactylism
Fusion of two or more toes or fingers.
Synovial Fluid
Lubricating substance found in joints
Traction
Pulling force exerted on a limb to return a joint to normal alignment.
Tubercle
Small rounded elevation from the bone surface.