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APLANG Ch. 28 Easily confused words
Terms in this set (70)
Use "a" before words beginning with a consonant sound
Use "an" before words beginning with a vowel sound
"Accept" is a verb; it means "to receive"
"Except" is a verb; it means "to leave out"
"Adapt" means "to change in order to fit or be more suitable; to adjust
"Adopt" means "to take something and make it one's own"
"Affect" is usually a verb; it means "to impress" or "to influence"
"Effect" as a verb means "to accomplish, to bring about"
"Effect" as a noun means "the result of some action"
all the farther, all the faster
Used informally in some parts of the country to mean "as far as, as fast as"
An "allusion" is a reference to something
An "illusion" is a mistaken idea
"Alumni" is the plural of "alumnus"
"Alumnae" is the plural of "alumna"
Use "amount" to refer to a singular word
Use "number" t refer to a plural word
Since "etc." is an abbreviation of "et cetera," you are using "and" twice when you write "and etc."
and which, but which
"and which, but which" should be used only when a "which" (or who) clause precedes them in the sentence
anywheres, everywheres, nowheres
Use these words and others lie them
the final s
The use of "because" after "reason is" is common in informal english, but it is generally avoided in formal writing
being as, being that
Nonstandard English when used for "since" or "because"
"Beside" means "by the side of: something "Besides" means "in addition to"
Use "between" when you are thinking of two items at a time
Use "among" when you are thinking of a group rather than of separate individuals
Use "bring" when the meaning is to convey something "to the person speaking"
Use "take" when the meaning is to convey something "away from the person speaking"
"Bring" is related to "come"
"take" is related to "go"
can't hardly, can't scarcely
Do not write "of" for "have"
credible, creditable, credulous
Credible means beleivable
Creditable means praiseworthy
Credulous means incluned to beleuve just about anything
Do not use invent to mean discover
Invent means to make something not known before
Discover means to find something that has been existence but was unknown
Not the past form of do
Done always needs a helping verb
should not be used w/ a singular noun, or the third person of singular pronouns
emigrate means to go FROM a country
immigrate means to COME INTO a country
SEE and etc.
famous means well and widely known
notorious mean widely known but in an unfavorable sense
fewer is used before a plural noun
less is used before a singular noun
The of is superflous
had ought, hadn't ought
Do not use had with ought
he, she, they
Do not use unnecessary pronouns after a noun
these words are sometimes incorrectly used for himself and themselves
imply means to suggest something
infer means to intepret
in means within
into suggests movement from the outside to the inside
kind, sort, type
kind of, sort of
avoid using these expressions to mean rather or somewhat
kind of a , sort of a
the a is superflous
learn means to acquire knowledge
teach means to dispense knowledge
leave means to go away
let means to allow, to permit
like is a preposition and introduces a prepositional phrase
as is usually a conjunction and introduces a subordinate clause
like, as if
like should not be used for as if or as though, which are conjunctions used to introduce clauses
These words are often used interchangeably
Likely is used to express simple probability
Liable is used to express probability with a suggestion of harm or misfortune; also means responsible or answerable
avoid using pronouns ending in self selves to replace personal pronouns as subject or objects
nauseated means sick
nauseous means disgusting, sickening
none may be either singular or plural
the number of takes a singular verb
the expression of numbers takes a plural verb
do not use of unnecessarily
the of is unecessary
use or with either; use nor with neither
persecute means to attack or annoy someone, often for a person's beliefs
prosecute means to bring legal action against someone for unlawful behavior
phenomena is the plural form of phenonmenon
respectfully means with respect or full of respect
respectively means each in the order given
these titles should never be used with a person's last name alone
the precedes the title
same, said, such
avoid such artificial uses of these words
commonly used incorrectly for said
shall has been replaced with will
avoid using this overworked word too frequently
use somewhat rather than some as an adverb
this here, that there
the here and the there are unnecessary
sometimes used informally for way in referring to distance
do not use when or where in writing a definition
which, that, who
which should be used to refer to things only
that may be used to refer to either things or people
who should be used to refer to people only
can't hardly, can't scarcely
the words hardly and scarcely are negatives
they should never be used with not
can't help but
haven't but, haven't only
in certain uses but and only are negatives
avoid using them with not
no, nothing, none
not to be used with another negative word
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