organization of congress
Terms that describe the structure of congress
Terms in this set (26)
Least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
laws that limit the number of terms elected officials can serve
An officeholder who is seeking reelection.
In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong
In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong
Presiding officer in the House elected by their party; powerful House position
Members of the House and Senate picked by their parties to carry out party decisions and steer legislative action to meet party goals
the assistant to the floor leader in each house of congress who tries to persuade party members to vote for bills the party supports
President pro tempore
Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president
A vote of formal disapproval of a member's actions.
the process of driving or forcing a member of congress out of office by 2/3 vote of the members
a proposed law or suggested legislation
funds set aside for specific purposes
A permanent committee in Congress that oversees bills that deal with certain kinds of issues.
A group within a standing committee that specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee's responsibility.
- a temporary congressional committee appointed for a limited purpose
A committee of the House and the Senate that usually acts as a study group and reports its findings back to the House and the Senate
A joint committee created to work out a compromise on House and Senate versions of a piece of legislation.
a system that gives the member of the majority party with the longest uninterrupted service on a particular committee the leadership of that committee
A tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
A procedure for terminating debate, especially filibusters, in the Senate.
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
line item veto
Presidential power to strike, or remove, specific items from a spending bill without vetoing the entire package; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
An organization of people who share common political interests and aim to influence public policy by electioneering and lobbying.
legislative funding for unnecessary projects that favor the district of a particular legislator
area from which a member of Congress is elected