Middle Grades Reading GACE
Terms in this set (48)
Dividing words into parts to discover what an unknown word means
Semantic Feature Analysis
Uses a grid to help students explore how sets of things are related to one another allowing them to be able to see connections, make predictions and master important concepts
OPIN provides an example of context-based vocabulary reinforcement and extension. OPIN stands for opinion and helps students make meaning around keywords in a text. This strategy encourages differing opinions about which word should be inserted in a blank space. The exercise is open to discussion, and as a result, it
reinforces the role of prior knowledge and experiences in the discussions that each group
makes. The opportunity to "argue" one's responses in the group leads not only to
continued motivation but also to a discussion of word meanings and variations.
Cluster diagrams (also called cloud diagrams) are a type of non-linear graphic organizer that can help to systematize the generation of ideas based upon a central topic. ... For example, a cluster diagram can be used to create a graphic display to brainstorm about a topic like pollution.
The study of the forms of words
The conventional spelling system of a language
The study and classification of speech sounds
The branch of linguistics dealing with language in use and the contexts in which it is used, including such matters as deixis, taking turns in conversation, text organization, presupposition, and implicature
The degree to which an assessment matches the corresponding content standards for a subject area at a particular grade level
The ability to think through a problem or approach a learning task, select appropriate strategies, and make decisions about a course of action to resolve the problem or successfully perform the task
Norm Referenced Test
A type of test, assessment, or evaluation which yields an estimate of the position of the tested individual in a predefined population, with respect to the trait being measured
National Assessment of Educational Progress
The largest continuing and nationally representative assessment of what U.S. students know and can do in various subjects
Criterion Referenced Assessment
Measures student performance against a fixed set of predetermined criteria or learning standards
The patterns of stress and intonation in a language
A distinguished researcher from New Zealand known for her work in global educational literacy and responsible for the development of the Reading Recovery intervention programme in New Zealand and expanded it worldwide
These spelling inventories are used to help group students by spelling developmental stage. They contain lists of words that were chosen to represent a variety of spelling features at increasing levels of difficulty. These features might include consonants, digraphs, blends, short vowels, and so forth.
A set of procedures and measures for assessing the acquisition of early literacy skills from kindergarten through sixth grade
A tool that helps teachers to identify patterns in student reading behaviors
The ability to construct linguistic meaning from written representations of language
Refers to methods used to help students understand the way they learn
Oral Language Development
Developing the. skills and knowledge that provide the foundation for their listening, speaking, and writing
Holistic Scoring Rubric
Consists of a single scale with all criteria to be included in the evaluation being considered together
When a curriculum is vertically aligned or vertically coherent, what students learn in one lesson, course, or grade level prepares them for the next lesson, course, or grade level. Teaching is purposefully structured and logically sequenced so that students are learning the knowledge and skills that will progressively prepare them for more challenging, higher-level work.
When a curriculum is horizontally aligned or horizontally coherent, what students are learning in one ninth-grade biology course, for example, mirrors what other students are learning in a different ninth-grade biology course. In addition, the assessments, tests, and other methods teachers use to evaluate learning achievement and progress are based on what has actually been taught to students and on the learning standards that the students are expected to meet in a particular course, subject area, or grade level.
Tier 1/2/3 Words
Tier 1—Basic Vocabulary, Tier 2—High Frequency/Multiple Meaning, and Tier 3—Subject Related. Tier one consists of the most basic words. These words rarely require direct instruction and typically do not have multiple meanings.
Constructivism is a learning theory found in psychology which explains how people might acquire knowledge and learn. It therefore has direct application to education. The theory suggests that humans construct knowledge and meaning from their experiences.
A broad skill that includes identifying and manipulating units of oral language - parts such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes. Children who have phonological awareness are able to identify and make oral rhymes, can clap out the number of syllables in a word, and can recognize words with the same initial sounds like 'money' and 'mother.'
Central topic of a text, most important thought about a topic
A students ability to comprehend when reading is taken out of the equation and a student must only listen
Analytic Scoring Rubric
Resembles a grid with the criteria for a student product listed in the leftmost column and with levels of performance listed across the top row often using numbers and/or descriptive tags. ... When scoring each of the criteria is scored individually.
An assessment of the feelings of a population toward a particular brand, product, or company.
Culturally Responsive Teaching Strategy
A pedagogy that recognizes the importance of including students' cultural references in all aspects of learning (Ladson-Billings,1994). Some of the characteristics of __________________ are: Positive perspectives on parents and families. Communication of high expectations.
When the subject of the sentence is acted on by the verb. For example, in "The ball was thrown by the pitcher," the ball (the subject) receives the action of the verb, and was thrown
The measurement of "intellectual accomplishments that are worthwhile, significant, and meaningful," as contrasted to multiple choice standardized tests. Can be devised by the teacher, or in collaboration with the student by engaging student voice.
An assessment form that learners do together with their teachers, and is an alternative to the classic classroom test. The portfolio contains samples of the learner's work and shows growth over time.
A measure of assessment based on authentic tasks such as activities, exercises , or problems that require students to show what they can do
Also known as alternative or authentic assessment, is a form of testing that requires students to perform a task rather than select an answer from a ready-made list.
Learning is an active, constructive process. The learner is an information constructor. People actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality. New information is linked to to prior knowledge
A worldview that operates on a principle of "stimulus-response." All behavior caused by external stimuli (operant conditioning). All behavior can be explained without the need to consider internal mental states or consciousness.
The study in psychology that focuses on mental processes, including how people perceive, think, remember, learn, solve problems, and direct their attention to one stimulus rather than another.
Social Learning Theory
Bandura's_____________states that people learn from one another, via observation, imitation, and modeling.
Directed Reading Thinking Activity:is a comprehension strategy that guides students in asking questions about a text, making predictions, and then reading to confirm or refute their predictions.
A stage in second language acquisition where learners do not attempt to speak
Expressive Language Level
The use of words, sentences, gestures and writing to convey meaning and messages to others.
The ability to accurately receive and interpret messages in the communication process.
Linguistic Processing Capacity
Refers to the way humans use words to communicate ideas and feelings, and how such communications are processed and understood. Thus it is how the brain creates and understands language.
This is a text that the child can use to learn to extend cuing systems with guidance from the teacher.
An assessment that helps a teacher identify the cueing systems used by a reader — the strategies a reader uses to make sense of a text. _______________ focuses on what the student is doing right, so that he or she can learn to build on existing reading strategies.