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PLN 100 exam 3
Terms in this set (29)
The degree to which different racial/ethnic groups or social classes live in different areas (of the city).
The degree to which different racial/ethnic groups or social classes live in the same areas (of the city)
the practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically
neighborhoods where immigrants often choose to settle and are involved in local social institutions
Where do most of today's immigrants to the U.S. come from? Where do they settle?
- Asia and Latin America
- settle in:
What are the characteristics of ethnic neighborhoods?
-Common use of language
- Stores and services specially tailored to a certain group's tastes
- Employment that relies on an ethnic/cultural specialty
-Institutions important to the group
What are some of the reason's that led to the creation of the North American ghetto?
-"neighborhood improvement associations"
-legal segregation (ex. Jim Crow laws)
-banking practices (such as redlining)
-"block-busting" (both white and black real estate agents/land speculators)
What is the great Migration?
More than 6 million African-Americans moved from the South to the North and West between 1916-1970
prohibited the purchase, lease, or occupation of a piece of property by a particular group of people
Sun down towns
small towns and suburbs that prohibited blacks from residing within the municipal limits (through law, intimidation, and/or violence)
Index of dissimilarity
An "evenness index" that compares the neighborhood distribution of two different racial/ethnic groups compared to their distribution in the city as a whole.
Index of exposure
A "probability index" that measures the chance of encountering a person of another racial/ethnic group within his/her neighborhood
Index of Isolation
A "probability index" that measures the chance of encountering a person of one's own racial/ethnic group within his/her neighborhood
Where in the world are cities growing the most rapidly?
Third world countries
What part(s) of the world have cities with very large populations?
India, Mexico, South America
What countries in the developing world have low rates of urbanization? High rates?
Low: Often in formerly Communist countries that controlled where industry and production occurred.
ex. China, Cambodia
High: urbanization level exceeds economic development
Characterized by excessive growth
Often, have slums
ex. Libya, Venezuela
a city greater than twice the size of the next largest city
What kind of impacts did colonization have on African urbanization?
Colonialism did NOT take geography, culture, ethnicity, religion etc. into account.
What is the basic typology (diagram) of a Latin American city? How about the South Asian city?
Precarious and often illegal housing settlements, usually made up of temporary shelters and located on the outskirts of a large city
a government endorsed system of racial segregation
Apartheid did not end in S. Africa until 1991
How does housing differ in Western and Eastern Europe as opposed to the United States?
-Older housing preferred in Europe
- renting more common than owning
- higher apartment dwelling
Does planning play a large or small role in Western European cities?
How do typical street layouts differ in Europe from the United States?
organic street pattern based on topography
ex: rivers, slopes, low spots
What are some of the issues faced in European cities?
-long lasting feudalism
- constant war
- communist ideology post WWI and II
Accessory dwelling units
second units on a single lot
Tiny house on wheels
What are some of the reason's that people are interested in living in tiny houses
dissatisfaction with excessive materialism,
as a means of addressing housing affordability,
a cultural awareness of the American cycle of
increased environmental concerns,
practical means of housing the poor/homeless
What are some of the barriers we discussed that make it hard for some people to legally live in tiny houses?
THOWS- no consensus on what a thow is considered (RV or home?)
Land use policy (lending institutions, property appraisal, ect.)
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