Terms in this set (29)
Stories told by word of mouth before we had a system of reading and writing
STORY TELLER --
The person who entertains his audience by telling a story (ies)
Stories were passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. As stories were passed down, new storytellers added and changed details. Numerous events brought about these changes: different times; cultural changes; the storyteller's roots—background, experiences, viewpoint; different world perspective.
AUTHOR'S PURPOSE - (Purpose of Folk Literature)
The reason the story was written; to explain or teach a concept / lesson; explain something about nature—i.e.—storms, the seasons, sunset / sunrise, drought, thunder & lightning, earthquakes
Tales that relate the actions of the gods and goddesses to events that occur on earth; the gods / goddesses interact with each other, and also with mortals. Different cultures have their own collections of myths and gods / goddesses.
A collection of myths which are unique to individual cultures.
Long narrative poem which is important to the history of a nation or culture. The Odyssey - The Iliad - The Aeneid
A dangerous journey that the hero goes on. What they are to conquer in order to gain respect / pride / favors / privileges.
Traditional story based on real-life events; Paul Bunyan. As the stories are told & retold, fact often changes to fiction or fantasy (make believe). The original story line becomes exaggerated, and the character & events become "larger-than-life."
FOLK TALES --.
Real people or magical characters. These characters reflect the values and the beliefs of the culture from which they originated.
Often focus on a central hero who performs impossible feats; i.e.—Hercules, Paul Bunyan, Pecos Bill, Johnny Appleseed, Superman, the Lone Ranger, "Marvel Comic Characters", etc.
Brief stories or poems; animal characters who speak like humans; usually ends with a moral stated at the end of the story—life lesson.
Central idea, message about life, insight about life that the story explains
Lesson about life stated directly in the story—usually at the end of the story. [Aesop's fables]
UNIVERSAL THEME -
Central ideal / message about life or life's value that exists over differing cultures & countries and time periods.
Honesty, kindness / caring; teamwork; protecting the underdog / the weak; love; honor; respect.
CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE --
View of the world. This viewpoint is shaped by the storyteller's background and experiences.
HEROES & HEROINES -
Larger than life figures who overcome obstacles or participate in exciting adventures. - myths / legends / epics
A clever character who can fool others, but often gets in trouble. - folk tales / fables
Figurative language in which we give non human subjects human characteristics; speak, actions, etc. -- myths / fables
Figurative language that uses exaggeration—either comic - or to express a strong emotion - tall tales / myths / epics
Language spoken by people of a particular region or group - tall tales / folk tales
reference to a well-known person or event (p. 247) - myths / epics / legends
STATED THEME -
theme stated directly at the end of the story as a moral, or lesson—"The Lion & the Mouse"—Aesop's Fables
IMPLIED THEMES -
the theme of the folk tale is implied or suggested, not stated. Clues to the theme are given in the details that describe—setting, character, and plot
UNIVERSAL THEMES -
insight / lesson that appears across countries & cultures and different periods of history.
repeating the same words or phrases such as descriptions, dialogue, or events to create a rhythm in the story, emphasize a main idea, or build suspense
a common pattern or repeated element that may occur at either the beginning or end of a story; may also consist of a pattern of threes--i.e.--three wishes, three main characters, or three tasks
this is an element that occurs regularly in literature from around the world & throughout history; love, bravery, honesty, or integrity are just some examples of this.
FLAT CHARACTERS --
a character who seems to have only one main trait to their personality. These characters appear one-sided. They do not change throughout the story; they remain the same from beginning to the end of the tale.
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