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8th Grade History Alive Chapter 16
The United States Through Industrialism
Terms in this set (24)
The Explorers: Reasons
Explore the west, trade with Indians, find the Northwest Passage.
The Explorers: Hardships
Rowing upstream on the Missouri River, blisters, sore muscles, mosquito bites, sunburns, rapids and waterfalls slowed their progress, Grizzly Bears raided camp, food was scarce.
The Explorers: Legacies
Mapped a route to the Pacific, established good relations with Indians, new information about the West, Pike and his group explored Arkansas River and discovered Pike's Peak, Pike discovered wealthy towns in Spanish territory.
The Mountain Men: Reasons
Trap animals for fur trade, find freedom and adventure, get beaver in the Rockies.
The Mountain Men: Hardships
Attacks by fur thieves and Indians, wolf and bear raids, disease, hard travel
The Mountain Men: Legacies
Their trails became the Oregon and California trails, their trading posts became supply stations, their stories are still told today
The Californios: Reasons
Convert Indians to Christianity, Spanish government offered free land, earn wealth with livestock.
The Californios: Hardships
Indians were treated badly, disease, soldiers weren't paid.
The Californios: Legacies
Spanish named cities still in California, introduced famous crops, opened California to the world.
The Missionaries: Reasons
Teach people about Christianity, Nez Perce invited them to asimilate them.
The Missionaries: Hardships
Measles, Cayuse died from disease, Marcus and Narciss died from warrior attack.
The Missionaries: Legacies
Opened the west to settlement, Spaldings established a mission.
The Pioneer Women: Reasons
Settle in the West, African American women were free in the West, find husbands, find homesteads.
The Pioneer Women: Hardships
Limited wagon space, forced to leave things behind, forced to work, disease, people drowning in rivers, children falling out of wagons.
The Pioneer Women: Legacies
Earned a new status for women, churches and libraries started where women settled, Annie Bidwell began the women's right to vote, women equality in the west paved the way for other equal treatment, "civilized" the west
The Forty-Niners: Reasons
Gold, sell supplies to people mining, women were paid to sew and cook
The Forty-Niners: Hardships
Tough travel, miners fought over boundaries of their claims, digging for gold was tedious.
The Forty-Niners: Legacies
California raised population and became a state, new Californians turned California into a diverse land of economic opportunity.
The Mormons: Reasons
Settle, teach about their religion.
The Mormons: Hardships
Persecuted, forced to share goods, tough travel, had to learn to live in dry conditions.
The Mormons: Legacies
First Americans to settle Great Basin, Where they settled became important stops for travelers, Mormon religion became popular in the Utah desert.
The Chinese: Reasons
Gold, get new jobs, told their were big houses in California.
The Chinese: Hardships
Had to pay a monthly fee to mine because they were foreign, Americans hurt them and bullied them into leaving.
The Chinese: Legacies
Settlement in San Francisco (Chinatown) became largest and oldest Chinese community in the US, their work benefited California, made settlements more interesting with their art and culture.
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