28 terms

Earth's Changing Climate

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absorb:
to take in
atmosphere:
the mixture of gases surrounding a planet
carbon dioxide:
a molecule made of carbon and oxygen atoms
change:
when something becomes different over time
claim:
a proposed answer to a question about the natural world
climate:
general weather patterns over a long period of time
climate change:
changes in climate over a long period of time that can be caused by natural events or human activities
combustion:
the process of burning fuels, which produces carbon dioxide
data:
information collected in an investigation
deforestation:
the process of clearing trees from land
energy:
the ability to make things move or change
eruption:
the sudden pushing out of something, such as lava from a volcano
evidence:
information about the natural world that is used to support or go against (refute) a claim
fluctuation:
variations in a set of data
human activities:
things people do that affect the Earth system
lux:
a measure of how much light is present
methane:
a molecule made of carbon and hydrogen atoms
model:
an object, diagram, or computer program that helps us understand something by making it simpler or easier to see
reasoning:
the process of making clear how your evidence supports your claim
redirect:
to send to a new or different place
reflect:
to bounce off without absorbing
scientific argument:
a claim supported by evidence
stability:
when something stays mostly the same over time
sulfur dioxide:
a molecule made of sulfur and oxygen atoms
temperature:
a measure of how hot or cold something is
the Earth system:
the living and nonliving components of Earth, including the water, land, and atmosphere
trend:
overall tendency (for example, a consistent increase) in a set of data over time
volcano:
a mountain that has an opening in the land where gas, lava, and/or ash is pushed out
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