19 terms

Renaissance

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Renaissance
-rebirth of classical art, literature, and learning
humanism
an intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
secular
non-religious; considered worldly rather than spiritual
patron
one who financially supports the arts
vernacular
everyday language of ordinary people
perspective
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface
individuality
the quality that distinguishes one person/artist from another; self-expression
balance
establishing equal or appropriate proportions to create symmetry in a design
classicism
characteristics, principles, or styles of Ancient Greece and Rome
anatomy
structure of the human body
Medici Family
bankers who invested in art and architecture starting the Renaissance
Florence, Italy
birthplace of the Renaissance
"Renaissance Man"
multi-talented; skilled in many areas
Baldassare Castiglione
wrote "The Book of The Courtier." Described the ideal of a Renaissance man who was well versed in the Greek and Roman classics, an accomplished warrior, could play music, dance, and had a modest but confident personal demeanor. It outlined the qualities of a true gentleman.
Johann Gutenberg
-printed first edition of Bible using movable type or printing press
Leonardo DaVinci
Mona Lisa, The Last Supper
Michelangelo
David, The Sistine Chapel
Raphael
The School of Athens, Madonnas
Niccolo Machiavelli
wrote "The Prince" which contained advice (secular method) for ruling a country. The end justifies the means.