Scientific study of animal behavior , particurlarly in their natural environments.
'How' a behavior occcurs or is modified but also the effects of heredity on behavior, genetic-environnmental interactions, and sensory-motor mechanisms.
'Why' questions and includes studies of the origin of a behavior, its change over time, and the utility of the behavior in terms of reproductive success.
Study of the ecological and evolutionary basis for animal behavior.
Fixed action pattern
Sequence of unlearned acts that is largely unchangeable and usually carried to completion once its initiated. Fixed action patterns are triggered by sign stimuli.
Trigger ; external cue
Simple change in activity in response to a stimulus
Automatic movement toward or away from a stimulus.
An internal mechanism that maintains a 24-hour activity rythms or cycle.
Occur on a daily circle. Behavioralcycle o rythms linked to the yearly cycle of seasons
Complex behavior seen in a wide variety of animals. Navigation may be by detection of the earth's magnetic field or visual cues.
Behavior that causes a change in the behavior of another individual and is the basis for animal communication
Chemical signals that are emitted by members of one species that affect other members of the species.
Such as the warning flash of white of a mockingbird's wing
Such as the screech of a blue jay or song of a warbler.
Behavioral rythms linked to the yearly cycle of seasons
Th response to each stimulus is itself the stimulus for the next behavior.
Transmission and receptionn of signals in the form of specific molecules.
activa=e mainly in daytime
unlearned , developmentally fixed, behaviors
the modification of behavior based on specific experiences
Loss of responsiveness to stimuli that convey little or no new information.
Formation at a specific stage in life of a long-lasting behavioral response to a particular individual or object.
Establishment of a memory that reflects the environnment's spatial structure
Internal representation of spatial relationships among objects in an animal's surroundings.
Ability of many animals to associate one feature of their environnment with another feature
Arbitrary stimulus becomes associated with a particular outcome.
Occurs as an animal learns to associate one of its behaviors with a reward or punishment
Ability of an animal's nervous system to perceive,store,process, and use information from sensory receptors.
Cognitive acivity of devising a method to proceed from one state to another in the face of real or apparent obstacles.