285 terms

2018 Spring Advanced Discussions JFOU-JRB

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Century
100 years. "I was born in the 20th ___."
Endangered
In danger of becoming extinct. "The black rhino is an ___ animal."
Extinct
When all of this kind are dead. "The dodo is ___."
Reserve
A large protected park where animals can live free from hunting. "My friend went to a game ___ in South Africa last year and saw elephants and lions,"
Expert
A person who is highly knowledgeable on a subject. "Ichiro is an ___ baseball player."
marine animal
any of numerous animals inhabiting the sea including fishes and molluscs and mammals.
swallow
eat; the action of moving food from your mouth to your stomach
smell
scent
emanate
come out of
Starving
so hungry that life is in danger
polar bear
white bear which lives in polar regions
drag
walk without lifting the feet
glimpse
to see for a moment
diminish
decrease
self-drive
cars that drive themself
assisted-driving technologies
the technologies which help prevent drivers from having accidents in cars
collision
an accident in which 2 vehicles or people crash into each other
concept
an idea that is concerned with the abstract
automatic
having controls without a person to operate them
National anthem
the official song of a nation that is sung on special occasions
Criticism
the act of expressing disapproval of somebody
brutality
violent and cruel behaviour
Refuse
to say that you will not do something that somebody has asked you to do
Protest
the expression of strong disagreement with or opposition to something
mass shooting
an incident involving multiple victims of firearms-related violence.
occur
happen (especially accidents and other unexpected events)
survivor
a person who continues to live, despite nearly dying
protest
a strong complaint expressing disagreement
rally
a public meeting of a large group of people
prepayment
前払い:Payment in advance
vulnerable
弱い:weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally
desperate
必死の:giving little hope of success; tried when everything else has failed
The National Living Wage
国家生活資金:the price that people can live the cost in a country
power
権力:the right or authority of a person or group to do something
suicide
自殺: to Kill oneself
Euthanasia
安楽死: a doctor kill patient legally
Incurable disease
不治の病 : a disease that we can't cure
legalize
合法化する: a government makes it okay to do something
mental illness
精神疾患: a disease of the mind
decade
10年:a period of 10 years
deprived
恵まれない: poor
siesta
スペインの昼寝:nap, power nap
unpleasant
面白くない:not nice
hallucination
幻覚:illusion
riser
:起きるのが~な人:people who wake up
night owl
フクロウ、夜更かししてる人:people who stay awake in the night
definite
明確な:clear, evident
moderate
並みの、まぁまぁな:average, medium
be likely to
~しそうである:tend to
violate
destroy
inbox
a place on a computer where email arrives
authentication
to prove
affirmative
relating to a statement
counterpart
~に相応するもの:something that has the same position in a different place or organization
in comparison
"比較して:the act of comparing something
anxious
不安に思う:worried and nervous
usage
使用量:the amount of something that is used
increasingly
ますます:more and more
commute
to travel a long time to get to work
discrimination
差別 going against someone because of the colour of their skin, religion, gender, etc.
protester
抗議者 to campaign vocally against something
sue
to make a legal attempt to stop something
scheme
計画: an official plan that is intended to help people in some way, for example by providing
grid
格子: a metal frame with bars across it
census
国勢調査: an official process of counting something for government planning
electrification
電化: to change a railway so that it uses electrical power
dispensary
薬局: a place where medicines are prepared and given out, especially in a hospital
proficiency
熟達,技量: a good standard of ability and skill
puberty
思春期: the stage of development during which you change from a child to an adult and are able to have children
bilingual
2言語使用〔併用〕の(人): 1. written or spoken in two languages. 2. able to speak two languages equally well.
native
出生地の, 母〔生〕国の: a person or people who came from or have always lived in a particular place
specialized
特殊〔専門〕化した: trained, designed, or developed for a paticular purpose, type of work, place ...etc
obesity
肥満:Increase body weight
overweight
過重:weighting more than is normal
underweight
重量不足:weighting less than is normal
reduction
減少:the act of making something less
consumption
消費:the act of taking in as food
surname
苗字/the name borne in common by members of a family
spouse
配偶者/married person plaintiff 原告/a person who brings a legal action
maiden
未婚の/an unmarried girl or woman
ruling
判決/an official or authoritative decision, decree, statement or interpretation
assault
violation bureaucrat 官僚/someone who works in a bureaucracy and uses official rules very strictly
consult
to ask for information or advice from someone confess to admit something that you feel embarrassed about heal care
Cosmetic surgery(整形)
Medical treatment in which a surgeon cuts open your body to repair or remove something inside
Eye lid(二重)
double eye line
dependence(依存)
when you depend on the help and support of someone or something else in order to exist or be successful operation(手術) "the process of cutting someone body to repair or remove a part that is damaged
prejudice(偏見)
an unreasonable dislike and distrust of people who are different from you in some way
Turk
a native or inhabitant Turkey
reject
refuse to accept or acknowledge
tenfold
by ten times as much
pious
having or showing a deep respect for God and religion
faith
Belief that something is true
intruder
someone who enters a place without permission
legitimate
allowed by law
intoxicated
excited and slightly out of control
disproportionate
too large or too small in comparison to something else, or not deserving its importance or influence
mete out
to give or order a punishment
Karoshi
過労死:death caused by overwork or job-related exhaustion
consciousness
気づいていること:the state of being aware of and responsive to one's surroundings
overtime
時間外の:time work in addition to one's normal working hours
strategy
策略:a plan of action designed to achieve a long-term goal
equality
平等:the state of being equal, especially in status, rights or opportunities
e-sports
competitive video games like sport
among
in the group, together with
audience
the group of people together in one place to watch or listen to a play
expect
to think or believe that something will happen
compete
to try to be more successful than someone or something else
make fun of
~をからかう/to be unkind to someone and laugh at or caused others to laugh at the person
heart attack
心臓発作/a serious medical condition in which the heart does not get enough blood, causing great pain and often leading to death
health minister
厚生大臣/a government minister who is responsible for health
hassle
面倒くさい/people feel that something is very boring.
emergency
緊急・緊急の/an unexpected and difficult or dangerous situation
leak
(動詞)〈水・ガスなどを〉もらす/(v)there is a small hole or crack in it that lets gas or liquid flow through
sink
(動詞)沈む /(v)to go down below the surface of water, mud etc
fill up
[自]満員になる/(phr v) it becomes full
convince
(動)~を納得させる/ (v) persuade/ to make someone feel certain that something is true
be popular with
モテる/ many of the opposite sex people like you
Eyesight
視力 sight, observation
rethink
考え直す To think about again
adverse
逆らう、逆にacting against or in a contrary direction
deteriorate
悪化させる to make inferior in quality or value
Essential
必要不可欠な absolutely necessary
welfare
生活保護/a social security system which protects needy people
stare
to look at for a long time
glance
to give a quick, short look
victim
someone that has been hurt
poverty
the condition of being extremely poor
lack
the fact that something is not available
Pension
A sum of money paid regularly to a person, usually after retirement
ease
lessen pain or discomfort
Disabled
Having a condition that makes it difficult to do something
Ideal
Regarded as perfect
Rigid
Not flexible; very strict
Divorce
The legal ending of a marriage
Conservative
favouring traditional views; against change
Imperial
Of or relating to an empire
Liberal
open to new behaviour or opinions and willing to discard traditional values. Tolerant and broad-minded
uncommon
not ordinarily encountered
elaborate
planned or carried out with great care
infant
a young child
nationwide
extending throughout a country
yawn
to open the mouth wide and take a deep breath usually when tired
revise
to change something because of new information
multi-tasking
to do several things at the same time
social media
way of sharing information
teenager
someone who is between 13 and 19 years old
demand
strongly request something; not take no for an answer
expose
to remove what is covering something so that it can be seen
daylight
natural light from the sunlight
significant
important or large
retina
the area at the back of the eye that receives light and sends pictures of what the eye sees to the brain
emit
to send out a beam, noise, smell, or gas
Budget
予算 The amount of money needed or available for a purpose
impressed
感動 make feel admiration and respect
be promising
期待 to have a positive image
Economic impact
経済効果 the effect of something on a country's economy
dementia
認知症: an illness that affects the brain and memory
diagnose
診断する: to find out what illness someone has
supportive
協力的な: giving help or encouragement, especially to someone who is in a difficult situation
disability
無力さ: a physical or mental condition that makes it difficult for someone to use a part of their body properly
utilize
役立たせる: formal to use something for a particular purpose
spark
引き起こす:to issue as or like sparks
congestion
混雑:overcrowding
railway
鉄道: a route between two places along which trains travel on steel rails
forecast
予想: a calculation or estimate of future event
ease
和らぐ: to make or become less severe, difficult, unpleasant and painful
few
ほとんどない;used to emphasize how small a number of people or things is.
remain
残る;continue to exist
sanitation
(公衆)衛生;conditions relating to public health
compulsory education
義務教育;A period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by government.
Significant
重要な;sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention
initiative
議案を提出すること:to make government discuss something
secretary
秘書: a person who manages an important person's schedule
pardon
許し:forgive
application
申請書: a formal request to join something
file
申し込む: apply
hunger
飢え:the state of not having enough food to eat
violence
暴力:involving or caused by physical face that is intended to hurt or kill somebody
malnourished
栄養失調の:in bad health because of a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food
displaced
失踪した:to force people to move away from their home to another place
crisis
危機:a time of great danger, difficulty or confusion when problems must be solved or important decisions must be made
ban
to prohibit
harmful
likely to cause harm
substance
物質:a solid, liquid or gas
cancer
disease that is caused by cells damaging other cells
purchase
to buy something
religion
a system of faith and worship
Christianity
the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
Pray
To ask for help and to talk to a god
Funeral
a ceremony at which a dead person is buried or cremated
Swear
Promise
perspective
a point of view
compliment
a remark (or act) expressing praise and admiration
common
something that is found or done often
awareness
気づいていること: Having knowledge of
mandarin
The standard literary and official form of Chinese based on the Beijing dialect, spoken by over 730 million people.
prohibition
禁止:Use act to saying that something is illegal
metric ton
メートルトン: equal to 1000kg
Polyethylene
a strong light plastic
polygamy
一夫多妻制: the custom of having more than one wife
partnership
共同: the members of a business venture created by contract
career
An occupation undertaken for a significant period of a person's life and with opportunities for progress.
tattoo
入れ墨:something marked on your skin using a needle and ink
landfill
埋立地: a place where waste is filled in
average
平均:a quantity, rating, or the like that represents or approximates an arithmetic mean
cardiology
心臓学: the medical study of the heart
rescue
救助: free from harm or evil
official
"Relating to an authority or public body and its duties, actions, and responsibilities."
platform
壇:express their opinions, especially their political opinions
accumulate
蓄積する: to increase in amount over a period of time
enzyme
a chemical substance
blood pressure
血圧: the force with which blood travels through your body
organisation
組織体: a group of people who work together
purpose
"The reason for which something is done or created or for which something exists."
administrator
管理者:someone whose job involves managing the work of companies
degrade
劣化する: to damage the quality or condition of something
larva
a young insect with a soft tube-shaped body, which will later become an insect with wings
examine
調査する: to look at something carefully to find out
inshore
海岸に近い:close to a shore
benefit
An advantage or profit gained from something.
preference
好み:to like it more than another thing
staggering
膨大な: very huge
dissolve
to melt; liquefy
revamp
改良する:renewal
criteria
基準: standard
neurological
神経学
advocate
擁護する:protect
slammed
中傷する: hit very hard
grain
穀物 a single fruit or seed off a cereal
Leftover
食べ残し especially food, remaining after the rest has been used
waste
無駄にする use or expend carelessly, extra gauntly
abandon
捨てる throw away, discard
thankfulness
感謝の気持ち feeling or expressing gratitude
tax
税金
birth
出産 to have a baby
tuition
授業料
charge
請求する to make a claim
scholarship
奨学金
avoid
to try not to do
transparent
透明の:allowing you to see through it / colorless
colleague
a person that you work with
stagnant
停滞している:not developing
judgemental
判断力のある:judging people and criticizing them
betting
賭け(事);the act of risking money, etc. on the unknown result of an event
federal
連邦の,連合の;having a system of goverNment in which the individual states of a country have control over their own affairs, but are controlled by a central goverNment for national decisions, etc.
ban
禁止する;to officially stop a person or many people from doing something
proponent
提案者;a person who supports an idea or course of action
opponent
反対者;a person who is against something and tries to change or stop it
OECD
Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development
Scholarship
a grant or payment made to support a student's education unnecessary not needed loan lending, borrow repayment the action of paying back a loan
Body-shaming
Criticism of someone based on the shape, size, or appearance of their body
Jerk
A foolish, annoying person
Disgust
A feeling of becoming ill caused by something unpleasant
Deem
To consider or judge something in a particular way
Unobtrusive
Not noticeable, seeming to fit in well with the things around
distress
苦悩;a feeling of great worry
insidious
陰湿;without being noticed
immobile
不動;not moving
humanoid
人工;behaving and looking like a human
pierce
to make a small hole
bull fighting
闘牛: a traditional public event, fighting bull and bull or bull and human.
committee
委員会 A group of people within an organisation
delegation
代表団:a group of people who represent the views of an organization, a country, etc.
state party
締約国:the main government party
autonomous regions
自治体:parts of a country that is self-governing
reference
言及 the action of mentioning or alluding to something
instruct
教える tell or order someone to do something
pupil
生徒 a person who is taught by another, especially a schoolchild or student in relations to a teacher
hesitancy
ためらい tentative, unsure, or slow in acting or speaking
representative
代理人 typical of a class, group or body of opinion
Ruling party
与党 the biggest group in government
Restriction
制限 make a limit
Dependent on
依存症 People who cannot stop something
Admission fee
入場料 to pay money for entering
Suppress
抑制する to put down by force or authority
dye
染める to change the color of something
bleach
漂白 to become pale or white by chemical process
regulation
規則 an official rule made by authority
cooperative
協調 do something together with other people
penalty
処罰 a punishment for breaking rule
Phoenix
a legendary bird that burned to death and emerged reborn
Intimidate
To threaten with harm; to frighten
fighters
someone who fights.
on purpose
not done accidentally
brainwash
to be taught and controlled by somebody else's thoughts
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