57 terms

Race and Poverty Quiz 3 Jacob Kim


Terms in this set (...)

an argument which is plausible and logical but because it is missing something it is false.
Broken Window Fallacy
The belief that society is better off when property is damaged because people are employed to repair the damage. If this were true, then bombing an entire country would be good for the country because all the jobs created to repair everything and bury those who need to be buried. It would be better off if resources could be used for productive endeavors of improvement, and innovation.
sub minimum wage
If teens were able to work at this, their parents would be unemployed. False. This myth assumes that there are a finite number of jobs in the market. The dynamics of the market shows that if minimum wage laws were abolished then there would be more jobs available, so parents would not be put out of work.
is because there are no jobs. False. people are often unemployed because people refuse to work certain jobs (dirty jobs) people are willing to pay them to do... and the jobs they want to do, they are not qualified enough to be paid what the job pays.
People believe this kills jobs. The actual job killer is really rising wages; he gives 2 examples in the reading. When people lose jobs to machines... there are other jobs which they can take; just think of the example of the garment industry in japan with industrialization; all the people who lost jobs at the factory got jobs driving trucks and paving roads, etc. Automation usually results in higher standards of living
Anti poverty weapon
Minimum wage is an... If minimum wage cured poverty, then all the poor countries of the world would just have to raise their minimum wage and then there would be no more poor people. In reality, raising minimum wage puts more of the unskilled and under-skilled workers out of work. These are generally poor people, so raising min wage hurts the poor.
Higher minimum wages
The poor benefit from this. False. If the poor are supposed to benefit from the higher min wage then most of the
people who work min wage must be from poor families. But this is NOT the situation, 80% of all min wage workers are from NOT-poor families. Also we have said in the other min wage myth that poor people are hurt by rising min wages.
Zero sum fallacy
the fallacy assumes that what someone gains is lost by another; but!! Both people in the transaction believe they have gained, so it cannot be a net zero or zero sum situation.
Fallacy of composition
So if something works for smart kids, it would work for all kids. If a tax policy worked for one area, then it would work for ALL areas... etc. In reality what happens in one place affects what happens in another. So example would be "redeveloping an area with new homes and businesses"... usually when that happens, the poor people are moved somewhere else and the businesses moved from somewhere else which means that another area lost that business making that other area less good.
Chess piece fallacy
politicians believe people can be controlled like pieces of a chess board; if I make drugs illegal, then no one does drugs. They do what the law tells them to do.
Open ended fallacy
Right so... policy is made without regard to cost and benefit; how much do I spend and what is the benefit if I spend more. After a while, one can spend huge amounts of money with little benefit... but we continue to spend more to safe just one more life; if we can save just one more life, then wasting trillions of dollars would be worth it.
An unearned advantage
White privilege
unearned advantage because one has white skin
gov't by merit; that is you get what you worked for; you earned everything you have; if privilege is true and is real then... this cannot exist
Privilege means this. - privilege makes it possible for whites to rise to positions of influence; the problem is that those who rise to high positions do not have the morality to use it well and justly
the characteristics of all white people; as it turns out there is no list of characteristics which are common to all white people, duh, because it is a racialization
the knowledge production of white privilege ignores rich blacks and poor whites; in order to be more legitimate as a theory, it must ignore all of the exceptions out there
Productive instability
occurs with innovation which results in a lot of change which turns society upside down but the consumer is better off because of it. This is great because it undermines the status quo and the predictability of life
Institutional racism
The construct which represents racism not as the expression and practice or racist individuals, but as a fundamental part of the entire social system in which we live
Individual racism
This is what most people understand, individuals who are racist who are not part of a system, but just happen to be born racist, I guess.
Three characteristics of institutional racism
Systemic, shapes everyday social relations, definition/form/expression of race change over time
Hook's definition of white supremacy
describes the system of race-based biases we live within because this term, more than racism, is inclusive of everyone; black and white.
Internalize white supremacy
people of color as well as everyone in the institutionally racist society do this
Subjectively valid
it is not that it does not exist or that she (bell hooks) is wrong; she is seeing things from her perspective and as long as she stays there it is true
the concept which maintains that certain practices are exclusive or important to a racialized group of people. This actually results in people trying to preserve and subsidize beliefs and practices which are obsolete; it can also lead to accusations of cultural appropriation. But really people have always and will continue to share ideas
not only is a means of communication but by speaking a language one reproduces and validates the values of the people who speak it; it is another form of institutional racism
when trying to determine the existence of or the magnitude of sex discrimination in society, one must use similar groups with similar racializations; he often says that one must compare like with like.
Outset of careers
women and men had the greatest level of wage parity or the smallest wage gap at this time. Over time the free choices of men and women result in a gradual increase in the wage gap which may mean the cause is not due to their gender
Never married
one of the characteristics or racializations which affect men and women in exactly opposite ways
Never had children
one of the characteristics or racializations which affect men and women in exactly opposite ways 2
Self hire
the system where slaves were hired by other people and paid; the slaves would usually divide the wages with their master which made it worth his/her while
leaving money or property to someone once they have died; though this is stigmatized by some today, it can also be a way for the oppressed to get a break
Flexnor report
this was a document which led to a regulation which led to the shutdown of all 10 medical schools which accepted black students in 1910. The regulation was to protect the safety of patients against unqualified doctors and hospitals
White immigrants
replaced the "cheap" black worker. came in the form of poor white immigrants from Europe; since no one wanted to hire Irish workers, they had to offer to do work for less; which undercut the wages blacks were getting at the time
Black waiters
they convinced the white waiters to go on strike for equal pay for equal work; black waiters were paid much more than white waiters. After the strike, most of the white waiters were fired because they were not worth their wages; you can see this pattern repeating today
Union worker
they did not want black members because blacks were often their competition; one might say that unions formed to unite against getting under bid by black workers
Price cutting
Don't hate the player... hate the game. When white coal sellers tried to put Robert Gordon out of business by selling their coal for dirt cheap, Gordon hired a fair skinned mulatto to buy all their coal and then resell it to his own customers; this put the white coal sellers even more in trouble. this is an example of..
NOT for the kids. Because so many blacks were working and were prosperous in New Orleans, whites started requiring licenses for work. Of course, they did not give them to black workers. This was decades before the civil war
Barrier to entry
licenses and regulations act as hurdles and barriers for blacks to enter the marketplace. These regulations are often passed in the name of safety and quality control
Racial project
every group identified by this movement is a racialization; the 1 percent, the 99 percent; all of the racial projects are true by one characteristic, otherwise it is falsepart of Omi and Winant's theory of racial formation; a specific interpretation or theory of race
to take by force; because one cannot legally take by force on the street, one can elect people to do this by law or through taxation. OWS wanted to plunder the 1 percent; this can only result in violence
Private companies
companies owned by people who don't work for the gov't and do not receive any gov't subsidy
Public companies
not only does this include gov't agencies and programs, but it includes all of the companies that receive gov't money; including state colleges
Lower standards
through regulations; many people believe that minimum standards guarantee safety and quality, but they actually serve to lower standards by acting as maximum standards. This enables many businesses to pollute or destroy environments.
Moral hazard
a situations where misleading information makes certain choices seem more appealing and less risky than they actually are. This motivates people to make riskier choices by passing the cost of the choices onto the general interest
Floating prices
rather than gov't price fixing, if prices were allowed to change based on usage and demand, there would be no water shortage in California, Florida, Georgia and Alabama; this also prevents people from making emotional pleas that they need water more or that they have a right to water
legal responsibility for damage or when something goes wrong. Because gov't agencies and workers are rarely punished or go to jail, they are often far more careless than private industry workers
Property rights
rights of people who own property; much of the land abuse and pollution happens because there is no respect for this. Strict protection of this would clear up many of the problems we see today; public land is said to be owned by everyone, but really this means that it belongs to no one.
Black/shadow market
Business transactions without gov't protection - not just without gov't protection but in spite of the effort of the gov't to eradicate the black market people can have safe and voluntary and non-violent transactions
exists in and out of the black market, not just in the black market; but interestingly, fraud has more protection in the "legal" white market
Facade of legitimacy
for something to be approved by the gov't (certification, inspected, etc) gives people a sense of safety and quality; but many times this is not true
disputes and problems are resolved peacefully (for the most part, not counting the drug/hitman aspect); there is a lot of violence in the "legit" market
Free cities
Zones for economic development and employment
The free state project
If all the libertarians moved into low population state it would help sway voting. The chose to move to New Hampshire, once they got 20k signatures. When only 2k people went, libertarians were getting elected. Didn't tell people why they moved. Created networks for jobs, etc.
Jury nullification
This is where jurors in a trial acquit a defendant not because they think that s/he is innocent but because they believe the law or its application is unjust.
Low wages for politicians
because elected politicians are paid 200 dollars a year... many libertarians can get elected to the work intensive positions easily; from there they can influence and maybe even change laws in that state