Popular at time to French Revolution. Cultural, political elements enlightenment. Foreground, flat stage, reason, see, enlightenment, justice, equality.
Placing of figures: not much depth or action in space. Narrative technique inspired by Greed (shows importance subjects of classic literature/history). Family, loyalty, love, patriotism.
Was elite (before Rev). Middle class started to paint like it during Rev. now artists work to accomplish this viewpoint.
Nature expressed devotion to country, place. English. Study directly, then paint with truth of specific beauty of that place. Dutch, not based off Lorrain. Observation = prominent. quick, sketchy nature because work outside. Pallet knife big globs and strokes, not as smooth as brush. White used a lot trying to simulate reflection of the light. Sense of touch of artist on canvas, rough, visible. important development in Romantic period.
Social/political context: showing nostalgic view of English countryside. High taxes, rural workers = poor, stressed. Social change, upheaval. Paints comforting nostalgic scenes. Later, paints darker scenes.
American landscape by Church open, ready for civilization.
Sublime into nature. English. Figures, trees, infinite, past ideal. "The Beautiful" calm, smooth, serene. Famous for ability to use landscape to express thoughts about politics, history. "The Sublime" awe-inspiring, terrifying, in nature = avalanches. Combined with mystery, mythology, landscape. Get gesture and physical presence of author in paint. Purpose is to amaze rather than to educate. When older, subject matter less clear more swirly, emotion. Famous for weather effects and events. Inner truth of nature. Relies on brush stroke and color to portray emotion. Exoticism great preoccupancy by romantics.
swirling brushstrokes and color. Towards end of career, discrepancy about whether about nature or not.
Represents second strand of impressionism. Painter of nature and landscape brought this to forefront of impressionism. Started to paint in Barbizon along with other artists context for how revolutionary his later paintings would be. After shift: Vibrant colors, lots of contrast, bright with clear sense of time and season. Specific kind of light that he recreates, different subject matter. Plays with shapes and colors, rather than recreating exactly the vision. Flattened use of geometry. In order to get work recognized, submitted picture featuring figures to the salon poses not historical, paints people in natural way, sunlight present. Clothing and fashion = important. Naturalness of the sunlight. (Rejected by salon, but enough exposure that people recognized him and gave him a place). Moved towards landscape after this (without figures). Painted leisure, beauty, upper class (though came from modest background). Always sense of people that inhabit the landscape, though may not actually be present. Geometry. Varying types of brush strokes, depending on what texture/depth/substance/weather desired adapts brushstroke to painting effect. Proponent of modernity
realism. Close observation of nature. Landscape. Style of painting transforms.