24 terms

Intro to Visual Arts Exam 2

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

4.32b Hall of Bulls, Lascaux Caves, France
https://i.pinimg.com/originals/6b/a9/31/6ba93188d7ccb81106da78a003b201c9.jpg

-Visual language
-Overlapping implies generations of change
-Mural done with pigments
-Painting on limestone
-Used their bodies as a tool with working with the pigments
-Twisted perspective/ Composite view→ profile vs. frontal view (chest and horns= more frontal)
2.174 Pont du Gard, Nimes, France
-Arch= preferred construction technique
-Rounded arch= Roman arch
-Rhythm
3.12 Khafre
-Ka sculpture
-Carved
-Canon of proportions
-Idea features at all times
-Symmetrical except for hand position
-Made of a lasting material
3.6 Bull-leapers, Palace of Knossos, Crete
-Bull= main act, large in scale, centrally placed, energy
-Females=pale, Male= colored
-Border contains repetition
3.17 Parthenon, Athens, Greece
-Post-and-lintel construction
-Post= columns
-Lintel= thing covering columns
-Temple for Athena
-Material= marble, wooden roof
-Architecture, sculpture and painting together
-Columns have to be placed closely together to support weight of marble
4.57 Last Judgment, Saint-Lazare, Autun, France
https://03varvara.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/01x-gislebertus-last-judgment-west-tympanum-of-saint-lazare-autun-fr-ca-1120-35.jpg?w=1400
-Not the classical idea of form or human body
-Christ in center
-Lintel underneath the main panel
-Cathedral doorway
-Carved tympanum
2.47 Adam and Eve
-Artist:
Albrecht Dürer
-Christian scene
-Idealism: perfect bodies
-Naturalism: natural landscape
3.138 David
-Artist: Michelangelo
-Celebrate human form
3.160 Stonebreakers
https://ka-perseus-images.s3.amazonaws.com/c3a1347a6d9f3176bfd9c584d78cd5d4e3fc7e98.jpg

-Artist: Gustave Courbet
-Controversial topic
-Avant garde
3.164 Impression Sunrise
-Artist: Claude Monet
-Took painting outdoors; portable size
-Pretty scenery vs. pollution in background
-En plein air
-Criticized as just a sketch
2.77 Migrant Mother
http://www.geophotos.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Migrant-Mother-photographie-dart-de-Dorothea-LANGE-1936-900x1200.jpg

-Artist:Dorothea Lange
-Show the desperate conditions of the ways of life
-Native American migrant worker
-Conveys hopelessness
-Created awareness
3.204 Mural
-Artist: Jackson Pollock
-Organic line
-Free form
-Influence of Native American sand paintings
Post-and-Lintel Construction
A horizontal beam (the lintel) supported by a post at either end
Arch Construction
A curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, consisting of a number of wedge-like stones, bricks, or the like, set with the narrower side toward the opening in such a way that forces on the arch are transmitted as vertical or oblique stresses on either side of the opening
Portraiture
The art of creating an image of a person or animal, usually focusing on the face
Linear Perspective
A type of perspective used by artists in which the relative size, shape, and position of objects are determined by drawn or imagined lines converging at a point on the horizon
Fresco
A painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, so that the colors penetrate the plaster and become fixed as it dries
Oil Painting
A painted created using oil paints
Carving
Is the act of using tools to shape something from a material by scraping away portions of that material
Casting
Is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify. The solidified part is also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to complete the process
Printmaking
The art or technique of making prints, especially as practiced in engraving, etching, drypoint, woodcut or serigraphy; can make multiple copies
Photography
The art or practice of taking and processing photographs
Abstraction
Art that does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of a visual reality but instead use shapes, colors, forms and gestural marks to achieve its effect
Naturalistic
Refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting

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