24 terms

Intro to Visual Arts Exam 2


Terms in this set (...)

4.32b Hall of Bulls, Lascaux Caves, France

-Visual language
-Overlapping implies generations of change
-Mural done with pigments
-Painting on limestone
-Used their bodies as a tool with working with the pigments
-Twisted perspective/ Composite view→ profile vs. frontal view (chest and horns= more frontal)
2.174 Pont du Gard, Nimes, France
-Arch= preferred construction technique
-Rounded arch= Roman arch
3.12 Khafre
-Ka sculpture
-Canon of proportions
-Idea features at all times
-Symmetrical except for hand position
-Made of a lasting material
3.6 Bull-leapers, Palace of Knossos, Crete
-Bull= main act, large in scale, centrally placed, energy
-Females=pale, Male= colored
-Border contains repetition
3.17 Parthenon, Athens, Greece
-Post-and-lintel construction
-Post= columns
-Lintel= thing covering columns
-Temple for Athena
-Material= marble, wooden roof
-Architecture, sculpture and painting together
-Columns have to be placed closely together to support weight of marble
4.57 Last Judgment, Saint-Lazare, Autun, France
-Not the classical idea of form or human body
-Christ in center
-Lintel underneath the main panel
-Cathedral doorway
-Carved tympanum
2.47 Adam and Eve
Albrecht Dürer
-Christian scene
-Idealism: perfect bodies
-Naturalism: natural landscape
3.138 David
-Artist: Michelangelo
-Celebrate human form
3.160 Stonebreakers

-Artist: Gustave Courbet
-Controversial topic
-Avant garde
3.164 Impression Sunrise
-Artist: Claude Monet
-Took painting outdoors; portable size
-Pretty scenery vs. pollution in background
-En plein air
-Criticized as just a sketch
2.77 Migrant Mother

-Artist:Dorothea Lange
-Show the desperate conditions of the ways of life
-Native American migrant worker
-Conveys hopelessness
-Created awareness
3.204 Mural
-Artist: Jackson Pollock
-Organic line
-Free form
-Influence of Native American sand paintings
Post-and-Lintel Construction
A horizontal beam (the lintel) supported by a post at either end
Arch Construction
A curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, consisting of a number of wedge-like stones, bricks, or the like, set with the narrower side toward the opening in such a way that forces on the arch are transmitted as vertical or oblique stresses on either side of the opening
The art of creating an image of a person or animal, usually focusing on the face
Linear Perspective
A type of perspective used by artists in which the relative size, shape, and position of objects are determined by drawn or imagined lines converging at a point on the horizon
A painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, so that the colors penetrate the plaster and become fixed as it dries
Oil Painting
A painted created using oil paints
Is the act of using tools to shape something from a material by scraping away portions of that material
Is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify. The solidified part is also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to complete the process
The art or technique of making prints, especially as practiced in engraving, etching, drypoint, woodcut or serigraphy; can make multiple copies
The art or practice of taking and processing photographs
Art that does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of a visual reality but instead use shapes, colors, forms and gestural marks to achieve its effect
Refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting

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