How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

36 terms

Pig Disection

STUDY
PLAY
salivary glands
produces saliva which contains the enzymes to break down food
esophagus
pushes the food down the throat to the stomach
liver
makes bile which breaks down fats
gall bladder
stores the bile and gives it to the small intestine
stomach
uses enzymes and stomach acids to begin to break down the proteins etc
pancreas
further breaks down materials with pancreatic juices and enzymes and then gives them to the small intestine
small intestine
mixes the remaining food with bile and pancreatic juices as the food molecules then distribute nutrients to the body
large intestine
absorbs water and holds the wastes
rectum
regulates what feces come in and out
anus
distributes the waste that was not digested
nasal cavity
controls what we breathe in and out, moistens the incoming air (hollow space behind the nose)
pharynx
transports food from the oral cavity to the esophagus. also passes air throughout
larynx
the airway that makes sure we dont bring in foreign objects (protects vocal cords), voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords
trachea
membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi
bronchi/ bronchioles
filters in coming air through various body pathways which then spread out throughout the entire body
lungs
two spongy organs, located in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage, responsible for respiration
diaphragm
a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities that is made up of skeletal muscles
kidney
plays a large role in keeping the bodies homeostasis level healthy by regulating fluids and getting rid of waste through urinating
ureter
the area where the urine is passed from the kidneys to the bladder
bladder
the membrain sac that collects the urine before it is let out of the body
urethra
the duct that carries the urine out of the body from the bladder, in males this duct also holds semen
heart
the primary muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body in rythamic contractions
atria
the two upper chambers of the heart- the receiving areas that allow blood to enter the heart
ventricles
the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out to the lungs and to the body
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
aorta
it is the largest artery in the body: it carries oxygenated blood throughout the entire body
veins
blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
vena cava
bring deoxygenated blood from the body to the right atrium
capillaries
the bodies smallest blood vessels that exchange nourishment and fluids throughout the body (ex oxygen and nutrients)
spleen
Helps recycles blood cells, replacing bad ones with good ones to protect the bodies immune system
thymus
Produces T cells that help the bodies immune system-located in front of the heart
thyroid
regulates the body's metabolism and calcium balance
cerebrum
the most anterior part of the brain and it controls all voluntary actions
spinal cord
a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain
cerebellum
the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
pineal gland
produces serotonin and other, located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin