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salivary glands

produces saliva which contains the enzymes to break down food


pushes the food down the throat to the stomach


makes bile which breaks down fats

gall bladder

stores the bile and gives it to the small intestine


uses enzymes and stomach acids to begin to break down the proteins etc


further breaks down materials with pancreatic juices and enzymes and then gives them to the small intestine

small intestine

mixes the remaining food with bile and pancreatic juices as the food molecules then distribute nutrients to the body

large intestine

absorbs water and holds the wastes


regulates what feces come in and out


distributes the waste that was not digested

nasal cavity

controls what we breathe in and out, moistens the incoming air (hollow space behind the nose)


transports food from the oral cavity to the esophagus. also passes air throughout


the airway that makes sure we dont bring in foreign objects (protects vocal cords), voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords


membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi

bronchi/ bronchioles

filters in coming air through various body pathways which then spread out throughout the entire body


two spongy organs, located in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage, responsible for respiration


a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities that is made up of skeletal muscles


plays a large role in keeping the bodies homeostasis level healthy by regulating fluids and getting rid of waste through urinating


the area where the urine is passed from the kidneys to the bladder


the membrain sac that collects the urine before it is let out of the body


the duct that carries the urine out of the body from the bladder, in males this duct also holds semen


the primary muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body in rythamic contractions


the two upper chambers of the heart- the receiving areas that allow blood to enter the heart


the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out to the lungs and to the body


blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart


it is the largest artery in the body: it carries oxygenated blood throughout the entire body


blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart

vena cava

bring deoxygenated blood from the body to the right atrium


the bodies smallest blood vessels that exchange nourishment and fluids throughout the body (ex oxygen and nutrients)


Helps recycles blood cells, replacing bad ones with good ones to protect the bodies immune system


Produces T cells that help the bodies immune system-located in front of the heart


regulates the body's metabolism and calcium balance


the most anterior part of the brain and it controls all voluntary actions

spinal cord

a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain


the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance

pineal gland

produces serotonin and other, located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin

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