Terms in this set (435)
Contract documents phase
The third phase of an architect's regular services.
Project financing falls under what kind of service of the architect.
Specialized allied services
Comprehensive planning falls under what service of the architect.
The fee of the architect for design-build services on a guaranteed maximum cost aside from his fee for regular design services.
What percentage of an architect's work is liability under the civil code.
For interior design services, the architect shall be paid what percentage of the fee upon submission of the final design.
When the owner fails to implement the plans and documents for construction as prepared by the architect, the architect is entitled to receive what percentage of his fee
The minimum fee per appearance of an architect when rendering service as an expert witness shall be.
The minimum basic fee for specialized decorative building.
The minimum basic fee for industrial buildings with a project cost below 50 million pesos.
The minimum basic fee for hospitals with a project cost below 50 million pesos
In design-build services, the single-point-responsibility of project delivery puts the legal liability for both the design and construction on the.
The release of 10% retention by the owner shall be done after how many months from the date of final payment.
Printed documents stipulating the procedural and administrative aspect of the contract.
Schedule of material and finishes
An outline specification enumerating the type and trade names of materials to be used.
A price given by a contractor, sub-contractor, material supplier or vendor to furnish materials, labor or both.
Certificate of payment
A statement from the architect confirming the amount of money due the contractor for work accomplished.
A bond furnished by the contractor and his surety as a guarantee to execute the work in accordance with the terms of the contract.
An offer to perform the work prescribed in a contract at a specified cost
The fee of the architect for design-build services by administration.
A stipulation of the use of specific products or processes without provision for substitution
Instruction to bidders
A list of instructions stipulating the manner on which bids are to be prepared
The performance and Payment Bonds shall be released by the owner after the expiration of how many months from the final acceptance of the work.
12 months / 1 yr
The Guarantee Bond is released how many months after the date of final payment.
How many days shall the Building Official issue a certificate of occupancy after final inspection of the project.
Statute of Limitation
A statute specifying the period of time within which legal action must be brought for
alleged damage or injury.
A bond, the form or content of which is prescribed by statute.
Statute of Frauds
A rule that certain kinds of contracts are enforceable unless signed and in writing or
unless there is a written memorandum of their terms signed by the party to be charged.
A contract transferring the right of possession of buildings, property, etc., for a fixed
period of time, usually for periodical compensation called 'rent'.
A tenure by lease; real estate held under a lease
The person receiving a possessory interest in buildings, property, etc., by lease
The person granting a possessory interest in buildings, property, etc., by lease
Range of the multiplier for Multiple of Direct Personnel Expense
Multiple of Direct Personnel Expenses
This type of compensation is only applied to non-creative work.
Supervision Work is a non-creative work, true or false.
Percentage of Construction Cost
A world-wide used method of compensation for architectural services.
Multiple of Direct Personnel Expenses
This method of compensation is applied only to pre-design services, supervision work, Multiple of Direct and other works which the Architect may perform other than the regular and specialized Personnel
Percentage of Construction Cost
This type of compensation is similar to the concept being charged by realtors,
developers, and lawyers.
For reimbursable expenses, how many kilometers from the Architect's office shall a work
be located to allow reimbursable expenses.
Professional Fee Plus Expenses
This method of compensation is frequently used where there is continuing relationship
on a series of projects.
The full-time construction inspector shall be under the technical control and supervision
of the ___.
Letter of transmittal
Submission of shop drawings shall be accompanied by a ___ in duplicate.
How many sets of shop drawings for approval shall the contractor submit to the Architect?
Who shall have the responsibility of securing, but not liable for non-issuance, of the final
True or false, can the owner relegate to the contractor the responsibility of establishing
the lot lines, boundary lines, easements, and benchmarks provided that the owner pays the contractor for such works?
Who shall have the responsibility for establishing lot lines, boundary lines, easements,
Who shall pay for the services of a licensed surveyor for confirmation and certification of the location of column centers, piers, walls, pits, trenches, pipe work, culvert work, utility lines, and other similar works required by the contract
Professional Fee for the Architect as a full-time supervisor.
Professional fee for the Construction Manager.
Firm Fixed Price Fixed Price Incentive CPIF / CPAF Cost Plus Fixed Fee
Four types of Contracts for construction management
Under PD 1096, what should be the proportion of sidewalk width to that of the road right-
At what interest rate per month should a client pay the architect should the former fail to
pay the latter beyond 30 days from receipt of billing?
What code holds the architect responsible for the building/structure he designed for a
certain period of tim
Per Diem+Reimb. Expenses
What type of compensation is applied to cases where the architect's personal time is
required, such as conferences, joint venture activities, etc.?
Lump Sum / Fixed Fee
What type of compensation is applied to most of Gov't projects and entails more paper
works and is advantageous to both client and architect.
Professional Fee for the Project Manager.
If the Project Manager is hired by the owner, who shall have the responsibility of hiring
the Construction Manager?
True or false, based on the Civil Code, the Project Manager has no legal responsibility
insofar as design and construction is concerned.
His primary responsibility is the exercise of overall cost control which relieves the owner
of many of the anxieties that usually beset , particularly those concerned with forecasting cost and completion dates.
Public / People
In the architect's code of ethics, to whom does the architect has responsibility to seek
opportunities for constructive service in civic and urban affairs?
What PD created the PRC which regulates the practice of various professionals.
People / Public
Architect XYZ uses paid advertisements without sanction by professional consensus and
years of experience. His action is unethical with respect to his relation to whom?
Additional information on contract documents issued to bidders before date of bidding.
The offer of a bidder to perform the work described by the contract documents when made
out and submitted on the prescribed proposal form, properly signed and sealed.
The cashier's check or surety bond accompanying the proposal submitted by the bidder,as a guarantee that the bidder will enter into a contract with the owner for the construction of the work, if the contract is awarded to him.
nstructions which may be issued prior to the bidding to supplement and/or modify
drawings, specifications, and/or general conditions of the contract.
Written or printed description of work to be done describing qualities of material and mode
Means information, advice or notification pertinent to the project delivered in person or
sent by registered mail to the individual, firm or corporation at the last known business address of such individual, firm or corporation.
Includes labor or materials or both as equipment, transportation, or other facilities
necessary to commence and complete the construction called for in the contract.
Means to build-in, mount in position, connect or apply any object specified ready for the
Means to purchase and/or fabricate and deliver to jobsite.
Means to furnish and install.
No further retention shall be made on the balance of the contract when how many percent
of the contract has been completed?
No payment shall be made on contracts in excess of how many percent of the contract price
The guarantee bond is equal to how many percent of the contract price?
How many percent of the architect's fee is payable to the architect upon completion of the
preparation of the schematic design phase and up to final design development phase?
Standard factor computed for changes and/or revisions made on completed contracts.
Approximately, how many square meters of office space for the architect is built by the
contractor as temporary facilities for the project.
50 / Contractor
All trees and other plants that need to be transplanted elsewhere within ___ meters
shall be done by the ___ at his own expense.
If there is a variance/discrepancy between the drawings and specifications, what shall
How many days prior to bidding shall the contractor seek the architect's
clarification as to the particular areas of work which requires evaluation of the architect?
How many days upon written notice can a contractor terminate a contract with a valid
Suspension of work for ___ days by order of any court or other public authority through
no act or fault of the contractor gives the him the right to terminate contract.
False (30 days)
True or false, the contractor can terminate contract if the owner should fail to pay the
contractor any sum within 15 days after its award by arbitration
False (15 days)
True or false, the contractor can terminate contract if the owner should fail to act upon
any request for payment within 30 days after its certification by the architect.
Who declares bankruptcy as a valid reason for the termination of a contract?
True or false, upon termination of contract and upon the decision of the architect that
materials and equipment left by the contractor which do not belong to him can be used and rent of such shall be borne by the failing contractor.
True or false, in case of suspension of work, all unpaid work executed including expenses
incurred during suspension shall be evaluated by the architect and charged to the owner.
True or false, the owner has no right to claim liquidated damages if he takes over the
work from the contractor for failure to complete the project.
How many days prior to canceling an insurance be given to the owner stipulating the
intention to cancel?
How many percent of the contract amount is the Performance Bond?
A contract provision setting forth the damages a party must pay in the event of his breach.
5,000 for First 50 Hectares
Basic Fee for Physical Planning Type 1 or site such as industrial estates, commercial
centers, sports complex, resorts, etc.
Predecessor of PD 1096
What presidential decree institutionalized the profession of environmental planning?
It is a right enforceable against specific property to secure payment of an obligation.
Minimum basic fee for simple projects.
Minimum basic fee for alterations/renovations.
200 / hr
When the architect is engaged to render opinion or advise, clarification or explanation
on technical matters pertaining to his profession, the minimum basic fee shall be ___.
When rendering service as an expert witness, the architect is compensated ___/ hr.
Minimum basic fee for Group 5 Projects (monumental).
What is Group 6 Project classification
10% of 1st unit 60% 2nd-10th Unit 30% 11th and above
Minimum basic fee for housing projects
Group 3 (Exceptional Character)
Under what classification of Project does Hospitals and Medical Buildings fall?
Group 3 (Exceptional Character)
Under what classification of Project does Stadium fall?
Minimum Per diem paid to the architect if work is beyond 50 kms. From office.
Construction Phase Service
On the remaining 15% work fee of the architect, where does the 5% go.
Repairs and corrective works at the expense of the contractor should be done within how
many days after written notice by owner?
Failure on the part of the contractor to remove condemned work shall give the owner right
to remove said work at contractor's exepense and contractor shall pay the owner the expenses incurred within how many days from removal by the owner of said work?
7th day / Notice to Proceed
Contract time reckoning shall commence on the ___ from receipt of ___.
An area of a city where municipal buildings are grouped.
Any article of property not consisting of or affixed to land plus any interest in land that is
less than a freehold.
No person who is not a citizen of the Philippines may take the board exams or practice
the profession unless the country of his relation allows the same ___.
FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES
explosive compound produced by the reaction of nitric acid w/ cellulose material CELLULOSE NITRATE
plastic substance having cellulose nitrate as base
flash point above 37.8 C or 100 F
liquid causes fire when contact with organic matter
produces a rapid drop of temperature in immediate surroundings
in air duct system; device to restrict the passage of smoke or fire
first raising the temperature to separate the more volatile from the less
extremely hot luminous bridge of an electric current
a hot piece or lump after a material is burned
active principle of burning
FIRE minimum temperature at which materials give off vapor to form ignitable mixture with air FLASH POINT
a piece of metal is heated prior to changing its shapes or dimensions
stable explosive compounds which explodes by percussion
a rocket or liquid propellant when fuels and oxiders combined
HYPERGOLIC FUEL materials that readily yields oxygen in quantities sufficient to support combustion OXIDIZING MATERIAL
descriptive of any substance that ignites spontaneously when exposed to air
impurities or deleterious material remove from a mixture to produce pure element
melting or fusing of metallic ores to separate impurities from pure metals
SPECIAL PROVISIONS SPECIFICATIONS DRAWINGS
Minimum exit door width.
Minimum floor to ceiling height.
Maximum stair rise height for a class A stair.
Maximum height between landings for class A stair.
Minimum headroom for class A & B stairs.
Unit area per person for waiting areas or standing rooms.
Number of exits for place of assembly for 1000 occupants
Travel distance to an exit without fire sprinkler system.
Minimum spacing of rows of seats from back to back for a public assembly building.
Maximum number of seats in a row in between aisles.
Maximum number of seats in a row opening on to an aisle at one side.
Standard width of a seat without dividing arms for places of assembly.
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60.
Minimum headroom created by any projection from the ceiling.
Minimum clear width of turnstiles.
Minimum dimension of landings in direction of travel for class A & B stairs.
Minimum number of risers in any one (1) flight of stairs.
Minimum height of a handrail above the upper surface of the tread.
Minimum clearance of a handrail from any wall.
Minimum height of a guard rail.
Maximum height of a guard rail.
Minimum width of any balcony or bridge.
Minimum width of a class A ramp.
Maximum rise of any floor from the balcony floor to which an access door leads.
Maximum vertical height in floors for an escalator.
Minimum width of a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum width of landing for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum tread for a fire escape stair for small buildings.
Maximum rise of fire escape stair for a small building.
Maximum rise of fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Maximum height between landings for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum headroom clearance for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Minimum headroom clearance for a fire escape stair for small buildings.
Number of exits for place of assembly for 600-1000 occupants.
Maximum occupant load for a class C public assembly.
Minimum number of exit for an Institutional type of structure.
Maximum travel distance between room door intended as exit access and exit with sprinkler system for institutional use.
Maximum travel distance from the door of any room to exit for hotels with sprinkler.
Maximum travel distance from the main entrance door to exit for apartments with sprinkler.
Minimum increase in width for an aisle per linear meter
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60 or more serving one side for a public assembly building.
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of 60 or more serving two sides for a public assembly building.
Minimum width of an aisle serving an occupant of below 60 for a public assembly building.
Minimum width of an aisle for an educational use building.
Minimum width of an aisle for hospitals or nursing homes.
Minimum width of an aisle for custodial care institutions.
Minimum width of an aisle for business use structure.
Minimum width of an aisle for an industrial building.
Occupant load per person for laboratories.
Jails are classified under what classification of occupancy.
Courtrooms with an occupant load of more than 100 are classified under what classification of occupancy.
Armories with an occupant load of more than 100 are classified under what classification of occupancy
Rooms where baled, bundled or piled materials segregated into desired sizes or groups.
Buildings or structures used for the storage of explosives, shells, projectile, etc.
An air compartment or chamber to which 1 or more ducts are connected and which form part of an air distribution system.
Descriptive of any substance that ignites spontaneously when exposed to air.
A material that readily yields oxygen in quantities sufficient to stimulate or support
A process where a piece of metal is heated prior to changing its shape and dimension.
The process of first raising the temperature to separate the more volatile from the less
volatile parts and then cooling and condensing the result vapor so as to produce a nearly purified substance.
A finely powdered substance which, when mixed with air in the proper proportion and
ignited will cause an explosion.
37.8 oC (100 oF)
Temperature rating at flash point.
A class of fire with flammable liquid and gasses.
The temperature at which a liquid is transformed or converted into vapor.
Minimum fire resistance rating for a firewall.
A continuous passageway for the transmission of air.
The minimum temperature at which any material gives off vapor in sufficient
concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air.
A gas, fume or vapor used for the destruction or control
rodents or other pests.
Minimum width of any driveway in and around a lumber yard / piles.
Minimum height of fence for a lumber yard for exterior storage of lumbers.
For Refineries, distilleries, and chemical plants, the minimum height for a fence.
Minimum travel distance from any individual room subject to occupancy by not more
Maximum distance of travel from the high hazard area to an exit.
Minimum distance of an incinerator from any structure used other than a single family
Maximum reduction in width of a stair by a handrail.
Minimum door width of a single door in a door way.
Maximum change in elevation between the interior of a door to the outside of it other than
Maximum change in elevation between the interior of a door to the outside of it other than
Maximum force in kilograms required for a panic hardware.
Maximum height required for a panic hardware installation
Maximum number of occupant for a subdivided room or space by a folding partition.
Minimum stair width for a class B stair serving an occupant load of less than 50.
Length of a nosing or effective projection over the level immediately below it for tread
below 25 cms in dimension.
Maximum height of a handrail.
37.8 oC (100 oF)
A combustible liquid is any liquid having a flash point at or above.
Fire resistance rating
The time duration that a material or construction can withstand the effect of standard
fire test is known as.
Any material which by its nature or as a result of its reaction with other elements
produces a rapid drop in temperature of the immediate surrounding.
Classified as mercantile occupancies, the travel distance from exits shall be.
Under what classification of occupancy does pool rooms fall.
Under what classification of occupancy does home for the aged fall.
Under what classification of occupancy does court houses fall.
Under what classification of occupancy does refineries fall.
Under what classification of occupancy does drugstores fall
Minimum width of an aisle in a store for mercantile occupancies.
Minimum number of aisles for Class 'A' stores.
Minimum clear width of aisles for a Class 'A' store.
Minimum clear width of an exit access through a covered mall.
Minimum height of buildings requiring automatic sprinkler protection.
Standard inner radius of a curved stair in business occupancies.
Maximum height of riser for Class 'A' stairs
Maximum height of riser for Class 'B' Stairs.
Minimum width of stair for Class 'B' stairs serving more than 50 persons.
Minimum width of stair for Class 'B' stairs serving 50 persons and below.
Maximum horizontal projection of a handrail over a stair.
Minimum width of a stair width for Class 'A' stairs.
Maximum height between landings for a Class 'B' stairs.
Minimum width of landings in direction of travel for Class 'A / B' stairs.
Minimum width of Class 'A' ramp.
Minimum width of Class 'B' ramp.
Standard slope of Class 'B' ramp in percentage
Maximum height between landings for Class 'A' ramp.
Maximum height between landings for Class 'B' ramp.
Minimum width of ramps of 3 stories or more in height.
Minimum horizontal dimension of any landing of platform for existing stairs for fire escape.
Maximum rise for a fire escape for very small buildings.
Minimum distance travel to an exit for storage occupancies of high hazard commodities.
Class of fire involving combustible metals, such as magnesium, sodium, potassium, and
other similar materials.
Class of fire involving ordinary combustible materials, such as wood, papers, cloth,
rubber, and plastics.
A tank, vat or container of flammable or combustible liquid in which articles or materials
are immersed for the purpose of coating, finishing, treating or similar processes.
An integrated system of under ground or overhead piping or both connected to a source
Fire Suppression System
of extinguishing agents or medium and designed in accordance with fire protection Fire engineering standards which when actuated by its automatic detecting device, Suppression
suppresses fire within the area protected.
Means of Egress
A continuous and unobstructed route of exit from any point in a building to a public way.
Minimum distance of an incinerator containing kindled fire or rubbish fire or bonfires.
Under what classification of occupancy does museums fall?
Under what classification of occupancy does town halls fall?
Maximum width of a single door in a doorway.
Minimum tread for a fire escape stair for existing stairs.
Maximum spacing of rungs for a fire escape ladder.
Minimum spacing of rungs for a fire escape ladder.
Class III combustible liquids shall mean any liquid having a flash point at how many
In standard seating, the minimum spacing from back to back.
Minimum space from the back of chair to the front of the chair behind.
Maximum slope for aisles for public assembly structures.
Size of standpipe provided for each stage for public assembly building.
Occupant load per person for classrooms.
Where exterior corridors or balconies are provided as means of exit, they shall open to the
outside and shall be spaced ___ meters apart. (Educational)
Maximum height from the floor for a rescue window for educational occupancies.
Maximum height from the floor for a rescue window for educational occupancies.
Minimum width of corridors, aisles, and ramps for exits in hospitals and nursing homes.
Minimum width of corridors, aisles, and ramps for exits in residential-custodial care.
Any room for sleeping in institutional occupancies if
area of how many square meters?
Includes buildings or groups of building under the same management in which there are
more than 15 sleeping accommodations for hire.
Includes buildings containing three or more living units independent cooking and bathroom
facilities, whether designed as rowhouse, apartment house, tenement, garden apartment, or by any other name.
Minimum number of stories of apartment buildings requiring fire alarm system.
Minimum number of apartment units requiring fire alarm system.
A wide area of parks of undeveloped land surrounding a community.
The process in which a piece of land, referred to as the parent tract, is subdivided into
two or more parcels.
Angles measured clockwise from any meridian, usually north; however, the National
Geodetic Survey uses south.
Usually the last stage of the final site development process prior to issuance of building
A 20th century problem emanating from rapid urbanization of areas surrounding a city
which eats up the remaining adjacent rural open spaces.
A type of planning which emphasizes that the proper role of the planner is not to serve
the general public interest but rather to serve the interests of the least fortunate or least well represented groups in society.
Sustainable Land Use Planning
In the Philippines, this type of land use planning emphasizes the proper management of
land resources to ensure that the present generation can benefit from its continued use without compromising future generations.
Local Government Code, 1991
This code mandates that all Local Government Units shall prepare their comprehensive
land use plans and enact them through zoning ordinances.
Promote Human Growth
Reason for planning
Phrase used to characterize development that meets the needs of the present
generation without compromising the needs of the future generations.
Hippodamus of miletus
First Planner and developed the Gridiron.
A locale with a sizeable agglomeration of people having characteristics of an urban being.
The main reason why the nomadic existence of early man metamorphosed to village
settlement and later to the birth of cities.
The rough equivalent of the present tenement cities that existed in ancient Rome, which
resulted from the population growth of the city and the congestion that existed in streets.
In urban geography, a concept where urban settlement is confined to the area within the
legal limits of the city and the congestion and virtually all of this area is occupied by urban residents.
A Land Development Decision is also what kind of decision.
The orderly arrangement of urban streets and public spaces.
He conceptualized the 'City Beautiful Movement'.
A tool used to control the manner in which raw kind is subdivided and placed on the
marker for residential development.
A profession which falls between planning and architecture. It deals with the large-scale
organization and design of the city, with the massing and organization and the space between them, but not with the design of the individual buildings.
The science of human settlement.
By definition, settlement inhabited by man.
Capital Facilities Planning
Planning for roads, bridges, schools, parking structures, pubic buildings, water supply,
and waste disposal facilities.
The container of man, which consists of both the natural and man-made or artificial
Concentric Zone Concept
A spatial organization concept a general view of the pattern of land use in a city
developed by Ernest W. Burgess. The city is conceived as a series of five concentric zones with the cores as the central business district and fanning out from which are the residential and commuter zones.
The remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open spaces.
A habitable room for 1 family only with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating.
This is a type of a retaining wall made of rectangular baskets made of galvanized steel
wire or pvc coated wire hexagonal mesh which are filled with stones to form a wall.
A very steep slope of rock or clay.
A piece of grassy land, especially one used for growing hay or as pasture for grazing
animals; low grassy land near a river or stream.
A long, narrow chain of hills or mountains.
A long, deep, narrow valley eroded by running water.
On land, an encumbrance limiting its use, usually imposed for community or mutual
Of land, a contiguous land area which is considered as a unit, which is subject to a
single ownership, and which is legally recorded as a single piece.
A wall that serves 2 dwelling units, known also as party wall.
Niemeyer believed that relating large areas to each other is freedom as in the planned
In architectural terms, it is the relationship of the number of residential structures and
people to a given amount of space.
National Shelter Program
The government arm responsible for the development and implementation of low cost
housing in the Philippines.
Growth and Change
Urban Planning is defined briefly as the guidance of ___.
A lattice structure that serves as a summer house.
The art of arranging buildings and other structures in harmony with the landscape.
The city of Washington conforms to the plan type of ___.
An efficient and rapid transport system for automobiles to circulate across urban to urban
A narrow passageway bordered by trees, fences, or other lateral barrier
A line of demarcation between adjoining parcels of land.
A study and recording of the way in which land is being used in an area.
In surveying, the North-South component of a traverse course.
An open space of ground of some size, covered with grass and kept smoothly mown.
A tenure by lease; real estate held under a lease.
Minimum width of a septic tank.
Wooden septic tanks are allowed, true or false.
Minimum distance of a water supply well from a septic tank.
Minimum distance of a water supply well from a seepage pit or cesspool.
Required number of water closets for females for an auditorium serving 16-35.
Electric and Hydraulic
Two types of passenger elevator.
Another name for passenger elevator.
The minimum face to face distance between elevators in three and four car grouping.
The other type of flame detector other than the ultraviolet type.
Farad is the unit capacity of a ___.
Type of plastic pipe other than polyvinyl chloride and polybutylene.
A device for converting alternating current to direct current.
A stop valve placed in the service pipe close to the connection at the water main.
A valve used in a flush tank controlling the flushing of fixture.
Component of fire extinguisher
Interrelationship between value of voltage and current with the same frequency.
Rigid Board Insulation
Thin sheets that are used for controlling heat in drywall construction.
Conveys storm water and terminates into a natural drainage such as lakes or rivers.
A machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, a generator of
Freon in air-con must be compressed and liquefied in order to absorb ___.
Minimum size of trap or branch for a bidet.
True or false, 1 3/4" diameter is 'not' a commercial size of G.I. Pipe for water supply.
A single vent that ventilates multiple traps in the case of a back to back vent.
Minimum size of a wet standpipe for a riser of more than 15 meters from the source.
Minimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting.v
Standard frequency of power supplied by the local power utility company like Meralco.
Unit of loudness level.
Distance sound travels during each cycle of vibration.
Threshold of Audibility
Minimum sound pressure level that is capable of being detected by the human ear.
Wave produced by a pure tone.
Synonymous with a lighting fixture.
The luminous intensity of light is expressed in ___.
A specially designed system of waste piping embodying the horizontal wet venting of one
Sanitary Sewer Mai
Sanitary sewage from buildings shall be discharged directly to the nearest ___.
The simplest type of building automation system.
A vent pipe connected to a vent stack.
Instrument used for measuring atmospheric pressure.
Bets type of fire detection that can detect fire during the incipient stage.
A faucet fitted with a nozzle curving downward used as a draw-off tap.
Top Dip to Crown Weir
Reference in measuring the depth of a trap seal of a trap.
Ratio of water closets for female population for elementary and secondary school.
Ratio of water closets for female population for Principal Worship Places.
Minimum head of water, in meters, required for each section of plumbing for water test.
0.305 mtr. / 305 mm
Minimum clearance in front of any cleanout in meters for pipes 51mm or less in diameter.
150 mm / 15 cms.
Minimum extension of a vent stack through roof above the roof.
The luminous intensity of any surface in a given direction per unit of projected area.
A unit of illumination equivalent to 1 lumen per square meter
he material used for filament in an incandescent bulb.
The equivalent of filament in a fluorescent lamp.
An air-operated device used to open or close a damper or valv
Vertical tracks that serves as a guide for the car and the counterweight
Under NBC, the minimum width between balusters in an escalator.
The reciprocal of conductance.
A means of producing light from gaseous discharge.
A type of High-Intensity-Discharge lamp (HID)
Light originating from sources not facing each other, as from windows in adjacent walls.
A lighting unit consisting of one or more electrical lamps.
Heat that raises air temperature.
Limit Controls and Interlocks
In boilers, they function only when exceeds prescribed unsafe operating conditions.
What type of sound absorbent is best for lower band frequencies.
True or false, number of fixture unit is one parameter in sizing a drainage pipe.
Wye and 1/8 Bend
What combination of pipe fittings is installed at the base of a soil stack?
Fan Coil Unit
What mechanical equipment, coupled with a central air-conditioning system, is used to
A type of perimeter detector which detects object in heat range of body temperature.
A type of perimeter detector which detects interruption of light beam.
A type of perimeter detector which detects change in sound wave pattern.
This type of water closet is prohibited by some health codes.
The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of the pipe and pipe fittings.
The interior top surface of a pipe.
Tungsten Halogen Lamp
A type of lamp which produces light by means of the reaction of halogen additive in the
bulb reacts with chemically with tungsten.
This shows the vertical relationships of all panels, feeders, switches, switchboards, and
major components are shown up to, but not including, branch circuiting, it is an electrical version of a vertical section taken through the building.
In elevator, it protects the equipment from over current.
Handrail Guard Switches
In escalators, these stop the escalator if a foreign object becomes wedged at the guard.
This switch cuts off all current supply to the escalator for inspection, maintenance, or
The number of cycles per unit time of a wave or oscillations expressed in hertz of cycles
Of a partition, the number of decibels by which sound is reduced in transmission through
it; a measure of the sound insulation value of the partition, the higher the number, the greater the insulation value.
Minimum number of stories recommended to be provided with at least 3 approved
The period of continuous application of a given load or the aggregate of periods of
intermittent application of the same load.
Minimum height of any wall requiring structural design to resist loads onto which they are
The level at which the earthquake motions are considered to be imparted to the structure
or the level at which the structure, as a dynamic vibrator, is supported.
A member or an element provided to transfer lateral forces from a portion of a structure
to vertical elements of the lateral force resisting system.
Base Shear, V
The total designed lateral force or shear at the base of a structure.
The boundary element of a diaphragm or a shear wall which is assumed to take axial
stresses analogous to the flanges of a beam
Ordinary Moment Resisting
Moment resisting space frame not meeting special detailing requirements for ductile
Is one in which the story strength is less than 80% of that of the story above.
Concrete that does not conform to definition of reinforced concrete.
Upright compression member with a ratio of unsupported height to average least lateral
dimension of less than three.
Length of embedded reinforcement provided beyond a critical section.
High-Yield Strength Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable for Welding.
True or False, Bar larger than 32mm in diameter shall not be bundled in beams.
In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration.
A quantity which measures the resistance of the mass to being revolved about a line.
The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to an adjacent part.
Tie / Stirrup
Loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement.
The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes a hole through it.
The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it.
Nominal thickness of of a timber.
The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded surfaces.
Shear Stress / Shearing Stress
The force per unit area of cross section which tends to produce shear.
Size of Dead Load Defelection
Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss.
Simple solid timber columns have slenderness ratio not exceeding ___.
Nails or spikes for which the wire gauges or lengths not set forth in the NSCP specifications shall have a required penetration of not less than ___.
1/6 depth of member
Notches in sawn lumber bending members in accordance with the NSCP specifications shall not exceed.
Middle Third Span
Notches in sawn lumber shall not be located in the ___.
1/4 the depth
Notches in the top and bottom of joists shall not exceed ___.
0.60 of specified min. yield stress
Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area.
0.50 of specified minimum tensile strength
Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective area.
Allowable stress for tension on pin connected members based on net area.
Allowable shear stress on structural steel on the cross sectional area effective in resisting shear.
For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed live load shall be increased sufficiently to provide for same, for supports of elevators the increase shall be.
The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed ___.
The slenderness ratio main members in tension shall not exceed ___.
Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete exposed to earth or weather.
Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete not exposed to earth or weather.
Curing of concrete (other than high-early strength) shall be maintained above 10°C and in moist condition for at least the first ___ days after placement.
If concrete in structure will dry under service conditions, cores shall be air-dried for ___ days before test and shall be tested dry.
Curing for high-early strength concrete shall be maintained above 10°C and in moist condition for at least the ___ days after palcement.
The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in layer shall be db (diameter of bar) but not less than ___.
180° bend + 4db extension
but not less than 65mm at free end of bar
Standard hooks used in reinforced concrete beam shall mean.
90° bend + 6db extension at free end
Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 16mm bar and smaller.
90° bend + 12db extension at free end
Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 20-25mmbar.
Allowable tolerance on minimum concrete cover for depths greater than 200mm
± 50 mm
Allowable tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of reinforcement.
Individual bars with a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall teminate at different points with a stagger of at least ___.
Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less than ___ for strands.
Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less than ___ for wire.
Minimum concrete cover provided for reinforcement of cast in place against permanently exposed to earth or weather using bars larger than 36mm.