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Ser & Estar

STUDY
PLAY
to exist
ser
origin, ownership, material or destination
ser
to take place, happen
ser
time of day, season, month
ser
to be (impersonal expressions)
ser
with past participle (forms passive voice), agent stressed or strongly implied
ser
with adjectives (essential characteristics)
ser
social groups, trades, professions
ser
location
estar
present participle (progressive tenses)
estar
w/past participle: condition or state of subject
estar
w/past participle: characteristic as viewed subjectively by speaker or writer
estar
w/past participle: state or condition of previous action
estar