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Arts and Humanities
History of Theater
Greek Theater - DP Theater
This set of vocabulary relates to Greek Theatre
Terms in this set (27)
"Action," in Greek; the root word for "agony." Agon refers to the major struggles and interactions of Greek tragedies.
In Greek tragedy, and subsequently in any drama, the principal character, often opposed by an antagonist.
In certain Greek tragedies, the opponent of the protagonist.
In Aristotle's Poetics, the "purging" or "cleansing" of terror and pity, which the audience develops during the climax of a tragedy.
A release from tension; a cleansing the viewer receives from watching.
The full-length gown worn by Greek tragic actors.
(1) In classic Greek plays, an ensemble of characters representing the general public of the play, such as the women of Argos or the elders of Thebes. Originally, the chorus numbered fifty; Aeschylus is said to have reduced it to twelve and Sophocles to have increased it to fifteen.
(2) The chorus had a number of functions: establish the context for the play; provide information about a newly introduced character; to comment directly on the action; ask questions or give advice to the main characters; the chorus is used to structure the play by breaking it into scenes, and to create pace and movement.
Or "Great Dionysia" or "City Dionysia"; the week-long Athenian springtime festival in honor of Dionysus, which was, after 534 B.C., the major play-producing festival of the Greek year.
The Greek god of drama as well as the god of drinking, wine, fertility and revelry. Dionysus was known as Bacchus in Rome.
In Greek tragedy, the departure ode of the chorus at the end of the play.
The tragic heroes of Greek theatre normally have something in common; their tragic condition is the result of hamartia, a tragic flaw, mistake, or error of judgement. This always leads them into difficulties. For example, in Oedipus, the hero, through a series of mistakes, ends up unknowingly killing his father, and marrying his own mother!
hubris OR hybris
In Greek, an excess of pride; the most common character defect (one interpretation of the Greek hamartia) of the protagonist in Greek tragedy. "Pride goeth before a fall" is an Elizabethan expression of this foundation of tragedy.
Extreme pride; arrogance; setting up of self as superior to all humans, even equal to God (gods).
The ode sung by the chorus entering the orchestra in a Greek tragedy; the space between the stagehouse (skene) and audience seating area (theatron) through which the chorus entered the orchestra. The audience also used them to enter and exit the theatre before and after the performance.
"Passion," in Greek; also "suffering." The word refers to the depths of feeling evoked by tragedy; it is at the root of our words "sympathy" and "empathy," which also describe the effect of drama on audience emotions.
In Greek tragedy, a speech or brief scene preceding the entrance of the chorus and the main action of the play, usually spoken by a god or gods. Subsequently, the term has referred to a speech or brief scene that introduces the play, as by an actor in certain Elizabethan plays (often called the chorus) and in the Restoration. The prologue is rarely used in the modern theatre.
A traditional cultural practice, usually religious, involving precise movements, music, spoken text, and/or gestures, that serves to communicate with deities. Ritual is often incorporated into plays, either as conventions of the theatre or as specific dramatized actions.
A mythological Greek creature, half man and half goat, who attended Dionysus and represented male sexuality and drunken revelry; goatskin-clad followers of Dionysus who served as the chorus of the satyr play.
The fourth play in a Greek tetralogy. Satyr plays were short bawdy farces that parodied the events of the trilogies that preceded them.
In ancient Greek theatre, it was a building behind the orchestra that was originally a hut for the changing of masks and costumes but eventually became the background before which the drama was enacted. It was usually decorated as a palace, temple, or other building, depending on the needs of the play. It had at least one set of doors, and actors could make entrances and exits through them.
From the Greek for "seeing place"; the original Greek theatre.
This is where the spectators sat. The theatron was usually part of the hillside overlooking the orchestra.
Actor; after Thespis, the first Greek actor.
From the Greek for "goat song"; originally meant a serious play. As defined by Aristotle, a play in which suffering brings about self-knowledge; serious treatment of religious and moral questions.
Crane or machine mounted on the skene; used to lower gods during the play.
Greek dramatist. Together with Euripides and Aeschylus, he is considered one of the greatest tragedians of ancient Greece. He is said to have added a third actor in addition to the chorus. His works include: Ajax, Electra and The Theban Plays (Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone).
Greek dramatist. He is said to be the first of the 3 great ancient greek tragedians and is often described as the father of tragedy.
His plays are said to be the first to include two actors in addition to the chorus. His works include: The Oresteia Trilogy, The Seven Against Thebes
Greek dramatist. Together with Sophocles and Aeschylus, he is considered one of the greatest tragedians of ancient Greece.
His works include: Medea, Electra, The Trojan Women and Bacchae.
From the Greek word for "dancing space". A circular and level space where the chorus would dance, sing, and interact with the actors who were on the stage near the skene.
Ancient Greek comedy playwright. Sometimes referred to as the father of comedy. His works include: The Clouds, The Wasps, The Birds, Lysistrata and The Frogs.
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