33 terms

AP Environmental Science: Chapter 10

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Terms in this set (...)

Tragedy of the Commons
The tendency of a shared limited resources to become depleted
Externality
A cost or benefit of a good or service that is not included in the purchase price
Maximum sustainable yield
(MSY) The maximum amount harvestable that does not Compromise the future
Resource conservation ethic
People should maximize resource use based on the greatest good
Multiple use lands
May be used a for recreation, grazing, etc.
Rangelands
Dry, Open grasslands
Forests
Dominated by tree's
Clear cutting
Removing all or most trees within an area
Selective cutting
Removes single trees or relatively small numbers of trees
Ecologically sustainable forestry
Maintaining all species in as close to a natural state as possible
Tree plantations
Large areas planted with a single, fast growing tree species
Prescribed burn
A fire deliberately set under controlled conditions
National wildlife refuges
Federal public land managed for the purpose of protecting wildlife
National wilderness areas
Set aside to preserve large tracts of intact ecosystems
National environmental policy act
(NEPA) mandates an environmental assessment of all projects involving federal money or permits
Environmental impact Statement
(EIS) Outlines the scope and purpose of a project
Environmental mitigation plan
Stating how it will address the projects environmental impact
Endangered species act
Designed to protect species from extinction
Suburban
Surround metropolitan centers
Exurban
Unconnected to a central city
Urban Sprawl
Creation of urban areas that spread into rural
Urban Blight
Degradation of built and social environments of the city
Highway trust fund
Pays for construction and maintenance of roads and highways
Induced demand
An Increase in the supply of a good causes demand to grow
Zoning
Planning to separate business from residential neighborhoods
Multi-use zoning
Allows retail and residential Developement to coincide
Smart growth
Focuses on strategies that encourage the Development of sustainable, healthy communities
Stakeholders
People with an interest in a particular place or interest
Sense of place
The feeling that an area has a distinct and meaningful character
Transit oriented development
(TOD) Focus dense residential and retail development
Infill
Development within lots already in a city
Urban growth boundaries
Place restriction on development outside a designated area
Eminent domain
the right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation

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