28 terms

Presidents Wrap Up Quiz

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Reprieve
The presidential power to postpone the execution of a sentence imposed by a court of law
Commutation
President removes/reduces the punishment sentenced by a court, aka clemency
Pardon
The granting of a release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, can be granted by the president before or after a conviction
Amnesty
Forgiveness of a group of people who have been guilty of a specific crime
Chief Talent Scout
The president hires thousands of
people into Government jobs, the Office of Personnel Management guides him, but
in the end he decides, bad appointees reflect directly on the President
Chief of State
The president's role in handling
the ceremonies of government (royal weddings,
funerals, centennial celebrations), may require an
official American representative, president chooses who will be our
Representative
Chief Diplomat
The president's role in our relations with foreign
countries, from the word "diplomacy"
Chief Citizen
The president's role as "one of us" (an everyday American), we want to like the President and identify with them
Chief Legislator
The president's role in helping to shape legislation, involves persuading Congressmen and
senators and there is always
the veto
Chief Administrator
The president's role as the head of all the agencies of the federal government
Chief Executive
The role of enforcing the law and
upholding the constitution, president is the Chief
Law Enforcement Officer for
the US.
Chief of Party
The president as the symbol of his political party
Commander in Chief
The president is the top military official of US, issues the final orders to the US military
Executive Agreement
an agreement between the United States and a foreign government that is less formal than a treaty and is not subject to the constitutional requirement for ratification by two-thirds of the U.S. Senate
Executive Order
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law, can implement and give administrative effect to provisions in the Constitution, to treaties, and to statutes
Persona Non Grata
An unwelcomed person, refers to a foreign person whose entrance in a particular country is prohibited by that country's government
Senatorial Courtesy
An unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state-level federal judicial posts are not confirmed if they are opposed by a senator from the state in which the nominee will serve
Presidential Electors
People who meet after the citizens vote for president and cast ballots for the president and vice president
Electoral College
body of individuals which elect the President and Vice President of the United States, consists of gatherings of state electors in each state to formally cast their ballots for a candidate for whom they have pledged to vote
Presidential Disability
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President
Cabinet
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making decisions, thirteen department secretaries and the attorney general
Executive Privilege
The right of the executive officials to refuse to appear before, or to withhold information from, a legislative committee
Impeachment
An action by the House of Representatives and the Senate to remove the president, vice president, or civil officers of the United States from office
Removal Process
1) Heard by the House Judiciary Committee
2) Vote by the House of Reps., a simple majority is needed
3) If impeached, the accused president will be tried by the Senate
4) Chief justice of the Supreme Court presides over the case, VP presides for any other case other than the president
5) 2/3rds vote is needed to convict the President
12th Amendment
Amendment stating that in the electoral college, one vote goes to the President and one vote goes to the Vice President
20th Amendment
Amendment stating that in the case of the death of the President elect before being sworn in, the Vice President will be sworn in
22nd Amendment
Amendment stating that the maximum amount of time the President can serve is 10 years minus one day
25th Amendment
Amendment regarding Presidential Disability (if the President declares himself unfit, the Vice President becomes "Acting President")