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5th Grade PSSA ELA
Terms in this set (59)
Word that is used to describe (tell about) a noun or pronoun. Examples: red, tall, loud, hard
Word that is used to describe (tell about) a verb.
A word that means suffixes and prefixes.
The repetition of the first sound in neighboring words. Example: Miss Mary Mack
A word that means the opposite of another word
A story of a person's life written by himself or herself
The story of a person's life written by someone other than that person.
Cause and Effect
The cause is the action or event and happens first. The effect is what happens as a result of the action.
The people or animals in a story. The main ones are who the story is mostly about.
Show how two things are the same
The ending of a story or summary of ideas of a nonfiction text.
What goes wrong in a story. A struggle or clash between opposing characters.
Show how two things are different.
Conversation between characters in a story.
To stretch the truth. It's not a complete lie.
A story that teaches a moral. Animals are often characters.
Short stories featuring mythical beings
Stories that are not true. These include: historical fiction, plays,
Language that cannot be taken literally. It means something other than what the words say.
A character tells the story.
A story that is passed down.
Words that sound the same, but are spelled differently. Example: pair, pear
Drawings or diagrams.
Information in the text that strongly supports the meaning, tells the story, or gives information about the topic, theme, or main idea
When the words mean exactly what they say.
The author's central thought; often the topic sentence of a paragraph
A suggested comparison of two like things that does not use "like" or "as" Example: Her eyes were stars.
The lesson that the author wants the reader to learn.
Stories that are true. These include: informational text, biographies, autobiographies, and narrative nonfiction.
The part of speech naming a person, place or thing. Proper nouns are specific names with capital letters.
Words whose sounds express or suggest their meanings. Examples: CLASH, BOOM
The way someone fells based on their experience. It does not have science or facts to back it up. Example: Chocolate is the best flavor.
The main action in a story.
Point of View
What someone thinks about things in the story. Sometimes the reader can find clues to help understand what the author thinks about a topic.
A group of letters added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word
Words used to replace nouns. Examples: I, he, she, we, they, it, us, them
A simple word that becomes a new word by adding more letters at the beginning or end
The order something happens or is done.
Where the story takes place. It can also include when a story takes place.
A comparison of two things, using the words "like" or "as." Example: He was as mad as a hornet.
A group of letters placed after a word to change its meaning.
Two or more words that have the same, or almost the same, meaning
Nonfiction Text, Titles, Headings, Photographs, Captions, Illustrations, Labels, Sidebar, Graphs and Tables
The author's general message in a story. Examples: friendship, bravery, honesty
A narrator tells the story. This story teller is not part of the story.
The part of speech naming an action. They can be present, past or future. Examples: run, walks, talked, will write
First Hand Account
Information directly from original or primary source. The information is coming from a person who was at an event.
Second Hand Account
The information is coming from someone who was not at an event.
Has a subject and predicate that expresses a complete thought
A sentence that is missing a subject or predicate
on Sentence - Two or more complete sentences without correct punctuation or conjunctions (connecting words)
Looking at one or more pieces of text and finding connections among ideas
The writer's way of organizing text. (ex. Chronological, compare/contrast, problem/solution)
A conclusion made from specific information that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person. (ex. Kindergarten students cry on the first day of school.)
To explain a story or poem in much shorter space and using the reader's own words
An object given human qualities or human form. (ex. Flowers talking or animals wearing clothing and walking on two legs.)
Putting things in order as they happened
The claim or statement a person uses to express their opinion on something. It must be supported with evidence.
A saying that sets a general truth through long use over time. (ex. No risk, no gain or Easy come, easy go)