24 terms

COMM 200 Exam 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Communication privacy Management Theory
-a more recent and complex theory that addresses the tension between openness and privacy, between the "public" and the "private"
-It is another model discussing how we manage what information we reveal and what information we conceal from others
-Boundary Management
--Boundary permeability, or how open or closed the boundary is supposed to be
--EX. why a married couple will discuss how and when to reveal that they are expecting a baby
-builds on previous research about self-disclosure
-CPM is an advancement of Social Penetration Theory
--Regarding breadth and depth
-Can also be connected with the Social Exchange Theory
--As a balance between costs and beneifits
Moral Conflict Theory
The clash that occurs because of deeply held philosophical beliefs
Explains how moral conflict emerges and that the characteristics of moral conflict construct and reinforce difference
EX. Beliefs on Abortion, pro life/pro choice
Incommensurate
The moral orders cannot be directly compared to one another because the belief about reality and right and wrong are at different levels
Simply different systems for making sense of the world
Intractable conflict
Is one that lasts for a long time, and there seems to be no way to resolve the issues
Morally Attenuated Conflicts
Refer to conflicts in which parties violate their own moral orders because they feel justified in fight the other
EX. a Christian may say hateful things to someone who holds different views on abortion
Rhetorical Ineloquence
Refers to using strategies that are not sophisticated, such as name calling, chants or slogans
Relational Dialectics Theory
Autonomy (The feeling of wanting to be one's own person) Vs. Connection (the desire to be close to others)

Openness (the desire for disclosure/honesty) Vs. Closeness (desire to keep certain facts, thoughts, or ideas to oneself)

Predictability (desire for consistency/stability) Vs. Novelty (the desire for fresh, new experiences)

Affection (desire to need someone- "real relationship") Vs. Instrumentality (do not want to be used- "fake relationship") Ex: You get asked to lunch by your crush (affection) only to find they need help on homework (instrumentality)
Identity Management Theory
Shows how identities are established, maintained, and changed within relationships
With the important people in your life, you will constantly negotiate mutually acceptable answers to the questions, " who are we, what what is the nature of our relationship
4 Problems to Experience
1. Identity freezing- if one person feels stereotyped into certain cultural forms and not accepted as a complex whole person
2. Nonsupport problem- values are being ignored
3. Self-other face dialect- tensions that
4. Positive-negative face dialectic tensions between wanting to affirm a cultural value (positive face) but not wanting to constrain or stereotype (negative face)
Sophists
Came to Athens to be public speaking teachers
Dissoi Logo: Sophists vs. Plato (3 questions)
1. Does Truth Exist?
2. Can Truth be known?
3. Can Truth be communicated?
Does Truth Exist?
Sophists: Unsure
Plato: Yes! (Forms = the most perfect representation of things is truth)
Can Truth be known?
Sophists: Unsure
Plato: Yes...but difficult; recollection = philosopher (not everyone can know the truth)
Can Truth be communicated?
Plato: Yes... but difficult; Rhetoric can only be communicated if you know the truth
Sophists: "DOXA" (opinions that everyone agrees on)
Aristotle: writes first rhetoric book called, "Rhetoric"
Rhetoric = the art of persuasion (broken into 2 parts)
Unessential
Essential: Proofs→ inartistic and artistic
Inartistic: statistics, quotes, testimony
Artistic: ethos, pathos, and logos
Artistic: Ethos, Pathos, and Logos
Ethos- Ethics/believability of speaker
Pathos- Emotion
Logos- Logic
Cicero's Five Canons of Rhetoric
Cicero- ancient Rome- on the roman senate / lawyer
1. Invention
2. Arrangement/organization
3. Elocution/style
4. Memory
5. Delivery
Invention
Try and make idea acceptable to audience. Look for in artistic proofs/research
Arrangement/organization
How to organize your argument
Elocution/style
Present information artistically. What type of language will be used? Style of words
Memory
Not reading/extemporaneous speaking
Delivery
Voice movements
Dissoi Logoi
Seeing both sides of the argument
Dissoi Logoi
5 opposing arguments discussed
1. concerning Good vs Bad
2. On Seemly and Shameful
3. On Just and Unjust
4. On Truth and Falsehood
5. Demented and Sane