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Terms in this set (17)
the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics.
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes.
A process in the cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases by half the original number by two divisions of the nucleus, which results in the production of sex cells.
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein; in a prokaryotic cell, the main ring of DNA.
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same structure.
reproduction that does not involve the union of sex cells and in which one parent produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent.
Reproduction in which the sex cells from two parents unite to produce offspring that share traits from both parents.
The union of a male and female gamete to form a zygote.
The passing of genetic material from parent to offspring.
One set of instructions for an inherited trait.
One of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic , such as hair color.
The entire genetic makeup of an organism; also the combination of genes for one or more specific traits.
An organism's appearance or other detectable characteristic.
In genetics, describes an allele that is fully expressed whenever the allele is present in an individual.
In genetics, describes the allele that is expressed only when no dominant allele is present in an individual.
A conditions in which two alleles are expressed such that the phenotype of a heterozygous individual is a combination of the phenotypes of the two homozygous parents.
the product of a reproductive process.
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