28 terms

AP Human Geography Chapter 3

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push factor
negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their abode and migrate to a new locale
pull factor
positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas
voluntary
permanent movement undertaken by choice
forced
permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors
transnational migrant
migrants who set up homes and/or work in more than one nation-state
refugee
people who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion
migration patterns
Intercontinental, Interregional, rural to urban
Intercontinental
permanent movement from one continent to another
Interregional
permanent movement from one region of a country to another
rural to urban
permanent movement from an agrarian sparsely populated region to a densely populated metropolitan area
place utility
in human movement and migration studies, a measure of an individual's perceived satisfaction for approval of a place in its social, economic, or environmental attributes
activit space
the space within which daily activity occurs
personal space
an invisible, usually irregular area around a person into which he or she does not willingly admit others; situational and cultural variable
space-time prism
a diagram of the volume of space and the length of time within which our activities are confined by constraints of our bodily needs (eating, resting) and the means of mobility at our command
space-time compression
the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
gravity model
a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service
distance decay
the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance form its origin
step migration
migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to town and city
chain migration
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
intervening opportunity
the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminished the attractiveness of sites farther away
intervening obstacle
an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
cyclic movement
vement, for example: nomadic migration, that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
migratory movement
periodic movement involving millions of workers worldwide who cross international borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances
migration transition
change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition
Transhumance
the seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures
internal migration
permanent movement within a particular country
international migration
permanent movement from one country to another
migration
permanent movement from one country to another