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Chapter 11- Diseases and Disorders
Terms in this set (83)
Chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands that is characterized by comedones and blemish;commonly as ance simplex or ance vulgaris.
Disorder where clients purposely scrape off lesions, causing scarring and discoloration.
Pink or flesh precancerous lesion that feeling sharp or rough;resulting from sun damnage.
Absence of melain pigment in the body,including skin,hair,and eyes; resulting the technical term for albinism is congenital leukoderma or congenital hypopigmntation.
Deficiency in perspiration,often a result of a fever or skin disease, that require medical treatment
Dry,scaly skin from sebum deficiency ,which can be due to aging,body disorder,alkalies of harsh soaps or cold exposuer
Excess inflammation;dry skin,redness, and itching from allergies and irritants
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Most Common and the least severe type of skin cancer, which often appears as light,pearly nodules;characteristics include sores,reddish patches or smooth growth with an elevated border.
Foul smelling perspiration,usually in the armpits or on the feet.
Large blister containing watery fluid,similar to a vesicle,but large.
Cluster of boils,large inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci bacterium; similar to a furuncle(boil)but large.
Also know as liver spots;condition characterized by hyperpigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated.
Mass of hardened sebum ans skin cells in a hair follicle; an open comedo or blackhead when open and expose to oxygen. Closed condones are whiteheades that are blocked and do not have a follicular opening.
Tendency for an ingredient to clog follicles and cause a buildup of dead skin cells, resulting in comedones.
Also know as pinkeye;very contagious infection of the mucous membranes around the eye;chemical,bacterial, or viral causes.
Inflammatory skin condition by contact with substance or chemical.
Dead cells form over a wound or blemish while it is healing, resulting in an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material. Example is the scab on a sore.
Closed abnormally developed sac containing fluid,infection, or other matter above or below the skin
Any inflammatory condition of the skin;various forms lesion such as eczema, vesicle or papules; three main categories are atopic, contact and seborrheic dermatitis.
Physician who specializes in diseases and disorder of the skin,hair and nails.
Medical Branch of science that deal with the study of skin and its nature,structure,function,diseases ad treatment.
Inflammatory painful itching diseases of the skin,acute or chronic nature,with dry or moist lesions. the condition should be referred to a physician. Seborrheic dermatitis mainly affecting oily areas,is common form of eczema.
Swelling cause by a fluid imbalance in calls or a response to injury or infection.
Redness cause by inflammation;red lesion is erythemic.
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.
Crack in skin that penetrates the Dermis. Chapped lips or hand are fissures.
Also know as folliculitis barbae, sycosis barbae or barber itch. Inflammation of the hair follicle cause by bacterail infection from ingrown hair.
Also know as boil, a subcutaneous abscess filled with pus;furuncle are caused by bacteria in the glands or hair follicles.
herpes simplex virus 1
fever blisters or cold sores
herpes simplex virus 2
thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells
over-production of pigment
abnormal growth of the skin
absence of pigment
contagious skin infection caused by staphylociccal or streptococcal bacteria'
cluster of small blisters or crusty lesions;
occurs in children
thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue (collagen)
callus; thickened patch of epidermis caused by continued pressure of friction
abnormally thick buildup of cells
redness and bumpiness on the cheeks and arms caused by blocked follicle; chicken skin
freckles; small yellow-brown colored spots
mark, wound, or abnormality; structural changes in tissues caused by damage or injury
light, abnormal patches on the skin
freckles; flat spot or discoloration
most serious form of skin cancer, spreads quickly;
black or dark patches on the skin, uneven in texture, jagged, or raised
epidermal cysts; small, firm papules with no visible opening; whitish, pearl-like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin;
common in dry skin
seen under the eyes
AKA prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands resulting in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure
pigmented nevus; brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black; flat or raised
AKA birthmark; malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries
AKA tumors; smaller bumps caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposit, or infections
pimple; no pop; small elevation that contains no fluid but may develop pus
acne like condition around the mouth
flat, nonpalpable changes in skin color such as macules or patches, or an elevation formed by fluid in a cavity, such as vesicle, bullae, or pustules
AKA razor bumps; resembles folliculitis without the pus or infection
skin disease characterized by red patches cover with white-silver scales;
caused by over production of skin cells that replicate too fast
raised, inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus in the top of the lesion referred to as the head of the pimple
dead skin builds up and does not shed from the follicles as they do on normal skin
flaky skin cells, any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily; example dandruff
light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed up
similar to open comedones; mainly solid impactions of oil without the cell matter; typically found on the nose
doughnut shaped flesh, white, or yellow colored lesion found in oily skin
form of eczema; mainly in oily areas, characterized by inflammation, scaling, or itching
skin damage; developed in the later stages of disease, that changes the structure of tissues or organs
small, benign outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps; common around neck and under arms; caused by friction
squamous cell carcinoma
skin cancer that is more serious than basal cell carcinoma;
looks like scaly, red or pink papules or nodules; also open sores or crusty areas;
can grow and spread in the body
brown or wine colored discoloration with a circular or and irregular shape
AKA wen; sebacous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum; ranges in skin from pea to orange; appears on the scalp, neck, and back
increased pigmentation due to melanin production that results from exposure to UV radiation; visible skin damage
contagious condition caused by fungal infection; characterized by itching, scales, and sometimes painful lesions
ringworm; contagious infection that forms a ringed, red pattern with elevated edges
abnormal rounded, solid, lump; larger than a papule
large nodule; abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive cell multiplication and varying in size, shape, and color
open lesion on skin or mucous membrane of the body; accompanied by pus or loss of skin depth; a deep erosion
hives; caused by an allergic reaction from the body;s histamines production
vascular lesions; dilated and twisted veins, most commonly in the legs
vascular dilation of the blood vessels
wart; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis caused by a virus; infectious and contagious
small blister or sac containing clear fluid; poison ivy
pigmentation disease characterized by white patches on the skin from lack of pigment cells; sunlight makes it worse
itchy, swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy reaction, or stings
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 5- Infection Control
Chapter 10- Physiology and Histology of the Skin
Chapter 12- Skin Analysis
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