TN Ready Civil War Standards
Terms in this set (26)
ELECTION OF 1860
Northern democrats felt that Stephen Douglas had the best chance to defeat Lincoln. Southern Democrats considered Douglas a traitor because of his support of popular sovereignty. At a separate convention the Southern Democrats nominated then Vice President John Breckinridge. The Republicans chose Lincoln who had become the symbol of the frontier, hard work, the self-made man and the American dream. His debates with Douglas had made him a national figure. Shortly after Lincoln was elected, South Carolina seceded from the Union.
FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATE OF SCOTT
A Southern Unionist movement in Scott County, Tennessee, in which the county declared itself a ""Free and Independent State"" following Tennessee's decision to secede from the United States and align the state with the Confederacy on the eve of the American Civil War in 1861."
A slave owner and large landowner in McNairy County in West Tennessee. Hurst was imprisoned in Nashville for publicly speaking out against secession. The division in the county led to brutal warfare between its residents. Many homes on both sides were looted and burned during the war years.
EAST TENNESSEE CHARACTERISTICS
Mountainous, not good land for farming, no need for slavery, had industries of mining and timber
Color Blue, Yankees, Billy Yank, Lincoln, Grant, Union
Color Grey, Rebels, Johnny Reb, Davis, Lee, Confederates
Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri. West Virginia,
A military strategy proposed by Union General Winfield Scott which called for a naval blockade of the Confederate ports, cut off traffic down the Mississippi, and the strangulation of the South by Union land and naval forces.
BATTLE OF BULL RUN
The Confederate victory in this first land battle of the war gave the South a surge of confidence and shocked many in the North, who realized the war would not be won as easily as they had hoped.
Decades of growing strife between North and South erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor.
FORT HENRY AND DONELSON
The North had not only won its first great victory and control of the Cumberland and Tennessee River, it had also gained a new hero-"Unconditional Surrender" Grant.
Victory in middle TN for the North with large casualties, about 10,000 on each side
Resulted in the bloodiest single day in all of American history. Fought primarily on September 17, 1862, it ended Gen. Robert E. Lee's first invasion of a northern state.
These largely irreplaceable losses to the South's largest army, nearly 30,000 men, marked what is widely regarded the turning point—in the Civil War,
Lincoln said, "This is the key, the war can never be brought to a close until that key is in our pocket." Capturing this city would split the Confederacy in half and open the river to Northern traffic along the length of the Mississippi.
Undisputed Confederate victory, but at a frightful cost. Adding up the over 16,000 Union and 18,000 Confederate casualties, the battle resulted in the highest casualties of any battle in the Western theater.
APPOMATTOX COURT HOUSE
It was the final engagement of Confederate States Army General-in-Chief, Robert E. Lee, and his Army of Northern Virginia before it surrendered to the Union Army under the Commanding General Ulysses S. Grant.
A pioneering nurse who founded the American Red Cross. She was a hospital nurse in the American Civil War, a teacher, and patent clerk.
Born Into a wealthy Southern family and educated at West Point, Davis was elected president of the Confederacy.
ULYSSES S. GRANT
A prominent United States Army general during the American Civil War, this man led the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy with the supervision of Abraham Lincoln. As the 18th President of the United States (1869-77) Grant led the Republicans in their efforts during the Reconstruction era.
ROBERT E LEE
An American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army. He commanded the Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865
Written by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, it is one of the best-known speeches in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery
NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST
He was a Confederate Army general during the American Civil War and the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. "The Wizard of the Saddle"
He fought through the entire Civil War and saw action in many major battles. Today, he is best known for his enduring memoir, "Co. Aytch" (1882), which recounts his life as a soldier in the First Tennessee.
MATTHEW FONTAINE MAURY
He was nicknamed "Pathfinder of the Seas" and "Father of Modern Oceanography and Naval Meteorology" and later, "Scientist of the Seas" for his extensive works in his books
A Confederate soldier executed by Union forces in Tennessee during the American Civil War. He is popularly known as the Boy Hero of the Confederacy although he was 21 when he was executed after not revealing his sources.