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Social Policy and the American Welfare State chapter 1
Study cards for Chapter 1 of American Social Welfare Policy
Terms in this set (39)
one in which the national government ensures essential goods, services and opportunities to residents as a right to citizenship.
Mixed welfare economy
An economy in which governmental, private non-profit, and private for-profit providers of social welfare coexist within the same society.
Social welfare policy
The regulation of the provision of benefits for people who require assistance in meeting their basic life needs, such as for employment, income, food, health care and relationships.
Programs designed to increase human capital by ameliorating problems in psychosocial functioning, providing necessary goods and services outside the normal market mechanisms, and providing cash supplements for the lack of market income
That part of the mixed welfare economy consisting of social programs administered by government, particularly the federal government.
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
included as part of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity and Reconciliation Act (PRWOA) and is a replacement of the AFDC program. It is a block grant program based on workfare, time-limited benefits (a maximum of five years) and strict work participation rates. The program was instituted in 1996.
Noncash goods or services provided by the government that serve as a proxy for cash, for example, Food Stamps, Section 8 housing vouchers, and Medicare.
A set of socially sanctioned assumptions, usually unexamined, explaining how the world works and encompassing a society's general methods for addressing social problems. beleifs
The blending of economic analysis with practical politics. In effect, it views economic policy within a political context.
The type of political-economy characteristic of the United States, with a democratic polity and a capitalist economy.
Belief that the government could pull the economy out of a depression by increasing government spending, thus creating jobs and increasing consumer buying power.
- friedman believed that the role of consistent is to keep the money supply growing steadily at a rate consistent with stable process and long term economic growth
is based on the belief that radical economic change can occur within a democratic context
- keynesian believed in the market economy but want to make it more responsive to human needs by smoothing out the rough edges.
-conservatives believe that the economy should be left alone except for a few minor tweaks such as regulating money flow
A school of political-economy that proposes reductions in social programs so that tax dollars can be reinvested in the private sector to capitalize economic growth.
Public choice school
A school of political economies that suggest that because interest group demands inevitably lead to budget deficits, government should therefore limit concessions to these groups as much as possible.
A school of political-economy that attributes the need for social welfare to the social problems caused by capitalism.
-marketplace participation believe that the public good is best served when individuals and families meet their conservatives through needs
Connotes equity and fairness in all areas of social, political, and economic life, as well as the provision of basic necessities to all without regard to their participation in the market; an objective of liberals and progressives.
belief in the value of strong government to provide economic secruity and protection for civil rights, combined with a belief in personal freedom from government intervention in social conduct
The name given to the massive Depression-era social and economic programs initiated under the presidency of FDR
Recent- based on liberalism, that assumes that universal social programs, such as those advanced by liberals, are implausible because of current social, political and economic limitations. This group opts for modest social welfare changes.
The economic value of the knowledge, experience, skills, and capabilities of employees
The Self Reliance School
A relatively new school of political-economy advocating low technology and local solutions to social problems.
Traditional conservative political economy focused on separation of church and state, decreased federal oversight and more socially liberal than cultural conservatives.
Former liberals who advocated a strong stand against communism abroad and free market capitalism at home, stressing the positive values of American society in contrast to liberals who emphasized social ills.
Promote historic family structure and religious values
saw the state as the cause of rather than the solution to social problems
one who favors a free market economy and no governmental interference in personal liberties.
a nongovernmental organization that seeks to influence public policy through research and education
Governmental social welfare policy
Refers to the decisions made by the state.
Voluntary social welfare policy
refers to decisions reached by non-profit agencies.
Corporate social welfare policy
refers to decisions made by for-profit firms.
child abuse prevention treatment act enacted in 19674
believe its your personal responsibilities
emphasize on individuality
mixed welfare economic social welfare state program
voluntary- non profit
governmental- federal and state
corporate- private for profit
government actions to achieve equal opprounity and equality
lens views social welfare policy
start of welfare policy
1935 social security act
the new deal
during the great depression
assessing a situation or circumstance to find a solution or explanation
democratic- john maynard
classical freemarket- conservative
two sets of activities are necessary
state provision of social services in kind and state regulation of private activity to alter the live of citizen
recommend to psychiatrist
gravely disable- not taking meds not taking care of self
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