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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
CHAPTER 2: Europe Looks Outward
Terms in this set (42)
Sailed after Columbus. Italian explorer who was the first to realize that the Americas were separate from Asia. His descriptions led a mapmaker to label the region "the land of Amerigo", later shortened to "America"
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and claimed Mexico for Spain. Built Mexico City
First preist in new world. tried to help the native americans.
A Spanish explorer looking for cities of gold.
A Spanish conquistador who traveled through what is now Georgia looking for gold and riches. he was the first European to reach the Mississippi River.
Mapped the St. Lawrence River. He set up France's first settlement, a trading post, in Nova Scotia. Set up Quebec and explored what is now Lake Champlain.
Thought that a northern route to Asia would be shorter and easier. He crossed the Atlantic and explored the region around Newfoundland.
Portuguese explorer who found what is now the Strait of Magellan and from there sailed into the Pacific. His crew was the first to circumnavigate, or travel around, the Earth.
An English explorer who explored for the Dutch. He claimed the Hudson River around present day New York. He also had the Hudson Bay named for him
The first European to see the Pacific Ocean. He landed in Panama and hiked westward.
A French missionary who explored the Mississippi River, This gave the French a water route into North America.
Accomplishments of the Vikings
first people to visit the Americas. They explored Newfoundland in 1001.
Spanish people needed workers to work their farms, mines, and ranches. To help them they gave them land grants that included the right to labor or taxes from Native Americans
a waterway through or around North America.
King Philip wanted to force Elizabeth I of England off the throne and convert England to Christianity.
English ships sank the Spanish ships
only ½ of the Spanish Armada remained
Spain was weak now
is a person who goes into another land to convert people to their religion.
Queen Isabella of Spain
Who did Christopher Columbus sail for?
Where did Columbus go?
sailed west, thought he was in Asia but was really in North America and Caribbean. Called the natives "Indians"
to find an all water route to Asia
Native Americans in the Americas
was their home first. Spanish took their land and forced them to work as slaves. The French and Dutch traded with them. Diseases killed them.
a transfer of people, products and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
Goods the Europeans produced
hogs, cows, horses, oat and wheat
Goods the Americas introduced
llamas, turkeys, and food crops
Role of the Spanish during exploration
The conquistadores set out to explore and conquer the new lands They wanted to convert the Native Americans to Christianity. They followed a social system based on birthplace and blood. Used the Native Americans as slaves.
colonists born in Spain. The top of the social class in Spanish colonies.
colonists born in America of two Spanish parents
people of mixed Spanish and Indian parentage. Could prosper but never enter the upper levels of society
people of Spanish and African heritage, were held at the bottom of society.
the split between the Catholics and Protestants. Cause mistrust between the European countries
a system that held that the colonies existed to make the home country wealthy and powerful.
depended on the fur trade with Native Americans.
settled along the Hudson River and also traded with the Native Americans.
through gold and precious metals
How did New Spain grow rich?
through fish and furs
How did New France grow rich?
gold, glory and God
What are the three Gs?
The Dutch and the French made an alliance with the Native Americans. What is an alliance?
An agreement to aid and protect one another
Why were African American slaves were brought to the Americas?
to work as slaves and replace the Native American Indians that were dying of diseases.
Disease from contact with the Europeans and the over trapping of animals that weakened the food chain.
What weakened the Native American people?
What customs did the Native Americans introduce?
They provided fur to the French and Dutch traders.
In the 1520s this civilization centered in central Mexico was conquered by the Spanish under Cortés
In the 16th century Pizarro was the Spanish conqueror of this civilization based in modern Peru
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