ADW Grade 7 FKA Glossary 2017-2018
Terms in this set (59)
The practice of restraining oneself from participating in a particular behavior or indulging in something (usually food or drink.)
Men who have received the highest level of Holy Orders; they are the successors to the Apostles and have the responsibility to lead a diocese.
Canon of Scripture
The Church's authorized collection of sacred Scripture to be included in the Bible. There are 46 books in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament.
The vices in our lives that lead us to more serious sins.
The four human (or moral) virtues: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance, help us to know and do what is good.
The universal beliefs passed on through Apostolic Tradition and shared by the Church throughout the world, possessing the fullness of the means of salvations which Christ willed.
Catholic Social Teaching
The teachings of the Catholic Church aimed at creating a more just world. There are seven themes that focus on issues that relate to the basic social and economic rights of every individual and community.
Seven themes of Catholic Social Teaching
Life and Dignity of the Human Person; Call to Family, Community, and Participation; Rights and Responsibilities; Option for the Poor and Vulnerable; Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers; Solidarity; and Care for the Environment.
The personal, life-long commitment to live in an unmarried state as a response of love to God.
The purity of heart that integrates spirituality and the body as we strive to value our dignity and the dignity of others by keeping the sacred union for marriage.
The mixture of balsam and olive oil, blessed by the Bishop that is used in the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Orders.
The sum total of social conditions necessary for people, as individuals and groups, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily.
Communion of Saints
All men and women who have placed their hope in Christ and belong to him through baptism, whether they have already died or are still alive.
The Corporal Works of Mercy
good works we do for the physical needs of others. They are: feed the hungry; give drink to the thirsty; clothe the naked; shelter the homeless; visit the sick; visit those in prison; and bury the dead.
The Spiritual Works of Mercy
good works we do for the spiritual needs of others. They are: admonish the sinner; instruct the ignorant; counsel the doubtful; comfort the afflicted; bear wrongs patiently; forgive offenses willingly; and pray for the living and the dead.
A solemn agreement between God and His people, or between two human beings, that involves mutual commitments and/or guarantees.
A man who has received the sacrament of Holy Orders who helps the priest and bishop in the work of the Church, particularly in the Liturgy of the Word and charitable works.
The gift of the Holy Spirit working in and through the human writers of Sacred Scripture so that God is its author of the truth given to us.
Existing forever, without beginning or end. An attribute of God.
Mary's cooperation in God's plan of salvation. This yes to God is model for Christian prayer that is a generous offering of our whole being to God in faith.
Four Marks of the Church
The four qualities of the Church that also express the Church's mission. They are outlined in the Nicene Creed: one, holy, catholic and apostolic.
A free act in which a person agrees to do, accept, or reject something without fear or outside pressure. Free consent of both spouses is a requirement of a valid sacramental marriage.
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
Actions that show the presence of the Holy Spirit working in our lives. They are: charity, joy, peace, patience, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, and chastity.
The direction given by Jesus to His Apostles to make disciples of all nations, baptize in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and teach others all that He has commanded. The most well- known version is found in Matthew 28: 16-20.
The sacrament through which the mission of Jesus continues; it gives a man the grace and spiritual power to sanctify others and minister to the Church as bishop, priest or deacon.
The fact that Jesus, the Son of God, assumed human nature and became man to make possible our salvation.
A spiritual seal imprinted on the soul in the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Orders that configures the person to Christ as His witness.
Stories in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke that tell about the birth and early life of Jesus.
A meditative prayer that involves reflection on the Word of God found in Scripture; the steps include reading Scripture then listening to and reflecting on the meaning of the Word in our lives today.
The style and expression used in a biblical text to convey the truth of God. Examples include historical writing, poetry, parables, letters, and prophetic works.
the diversity of roles, functions and ministries in which members of the Body of Christ enrich the Church's celebrations and assist us in our prayer.
The celebrations over the course of the Church year that remind and teach us about the mysteries of Jesus's birth, life, death and resurrection. These celebrations give a rhythm to our life and prayer as Christians.
The prayer which Jesus taught to His disciples and entrusted to the Church. It contains seven petitions. The first three petitions call us to give glory and draw closer to the Father; the last four petitions concern our need of help from God.
Actions that could only be possible through the power of God. Jesus's miracles were signs of God's love and that the Kingdom of God is already present on earth.
Truths about God that are hidden in Him. The mysteries of God surpass the limits of human understanding and can only be fully revealed by God.
The principles of right and wrong inscribed in our hearts by God and knowable through reason. Natural law is permanent throughout the changes in history and culture.
Being all powerful and able to do all things. An attribute of God. Examples include God creating the world out of nothing and raising His Son, Jesus, from the dead.
Being present everywhere at the same time. An attribute of God.
Having complete knowledge, awareness, or understanding of all things. An attribute of God.
The consequence of the disobedience of Adam and Eve which affects all human nature. Through this sin human beings lost the grace of original holiness and became subject to the law of death.
A large cloth that covers the casket at a funeral. The cloth, often white, symbolizes that the person has been baptized into Christ's death and resurrection.
Stories told by Jesus using everyday situations that invite the listener to reflect on the Kingdom of God and God's love.
The white candle that is blessed at the Easter Vigil. It represents the light of Christ and His resurrection. The candle is used throughout the Easter season and at baptisms and funerals.
An offense against God where we make a deliberate choice against God's eternal law in our thoughts, words, or actions.
A co-worker with the Bishop in proclaiming the Gospel and administering the sacraments. Priesthood is second in the rank of Holy Orders.
The sexual activity between a husband and a wife that is open to conceiving and bearing a child.
The 16th century intellectual, political and religious movement in which individuals seeking reform in the Catholic Church broke away from the Church leading to the development of new Christian churches.
Resurrection of the Dead
The Christian belief that the righteous, united in body and soul, will live forever with the risen Christ on the last day.
Christ appearing to the apostles in bodily form after his resurrection.
Sacrament of Holy Orders
The sacrament of service through which the mission of Jesus continues; it gives a man the grace and spiritual power to sanctify others and minister to the Church.
Sacrament of Marriage
A sacrament of service; a sacramental marriage is a grace-filled covenant between a man and woman, both of whom are baptized Christians.
A school established for the academic and spiritual training of men who are preparing for the priesthood.
Groups, situations or ways of thinking which are against the dignity of the human person and the will of God. Social sin is the cumulative effect of personal sins.
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke which present a similar verbal and sequential presentation of the life and teachings of Jesus.
The virtues infused in our souls by God: faith, hope, and charity. These virtues help a Christian to live as children of God.
The most important reference for the Jewish tradition. It encompasses the first five books of the Christian Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
The living transmission of the Gospel through beliefs and practices of the Church handed on from the apostles that they themselves had received under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
The unique calling (or destiny) each person receives from God to love and serve Him by bringing about his Kingdom on Earth with our lives.
Solemn promises to do a specific thing. Vows can be made between God and people or between two people. God's grace helps people to fulfill their vows.