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138 terms

AP English Unit 1 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
fruition (noun)
attainment of anything desired; realization if good results; consummation; fulfillment
extrude (transitive verb)
force, press or push out; shape by forcing through dies
gauntlet (noun)
a glove to defend the hand from wounds
Trilogy (noun)
a series of three dramas or literary works
Predatory (adjective)
characterized by plundering
Unassuaged (adjective)
not eased or lessened as heat, pain, or grief
Natal (adjective)
native; pertaining to one's birth
Frustrate (transitive verb)
bring to nothing; defeat; nullify
Translucent (adjective)
shining or glowing through; admitting passage of light
Predilection (noun)
a prepossession in favor of something; predisposition to choose or like
Cuisine (noun)
the kitchen or cooking department; style of cooking
Censure (noun)
judgement involving condemnation; an official reprimand
Censure (transitive verb)
find fault with; criticize as worthy of blame
Swarthy (adjective)
being of a dark color or complexion
Deviate (intransitive verb)
turn aside from a course; to stray as from a standard or topic
Deviate (transitive verb)
cause to turn from a previous course
Mercenary (adjective)
serving solely for pay
Mercenary (noun)
one who acts solely for pray
Natation (noun)
act or art of swimming
Unassuming (adjective)
modest or retiring
Fulminate (intransitive verb)
explode suddenly and violently
Gazette (noun)
a newspaper; an official journal
Transmute (transitive verb)
change or alter in form, appearance or nature (especially to a higher form)
Transmute (intransitive verb)
undergo transformation
Arch (root)
first; chief; rule; govern
Anarchy (noun)
absence of a ruler; disorder
Patriarch (noun)
paternal leader of a family or group
Matriarch (noun)
woman who rules a family or group
Hierarchy (noun)
classification by rank
Archives (noun)
organized body of records of an organization
Carnal (adjective)
of the body or flesh; opposed to spiritual; specifically sexual
Restive (adjective)
stubbornly resisting control or guidance, e.g., of a horse; balky; hence, unmanageable; uneasy; fidgeting about
Disingenuous (adjective)
not frank and candid; also deceptively simple
Replenish (transitive verb)
stock again, especially after having been emptied
Equivocate (transitive verb)
use equivocal language, especially with intent to deceive
Remonstrate (transitive verb)
say or plead in protest or reproof
Remonstrate (intransitive verb)
present and urge reasons in opposition, as to an act, measure, or any proceedings
Vestige (noun)
a trace, mark, or visible sign left by something lost or no longer existent; a small, degenerate, or imperfectly developed part or organ which has been more fully developed in an earlier stage or in a past generation
Repugnance (noun)
extreme dislike or aversion; deep-rooted antagonism; in logic, inconsistency, incompatibility, incongruity (e.g., repugnance between gospel narratives)
Destitute (adjective)
bereft or not in possession (of something necessary or desirable); lacking; in condition of extreme want
Repercussion (noun)
a driving back or being driven back; reverberation
Obnoxious (adjective)
offensive; objectionable
Verbatim (adverb/adjective)
word for word; in the same words
Entice (transitive verb)
draw on exciting hope or desire; allure; attract; tempt; seduce
Acclaim (transitive verb)
applaud; declare or proclaim by acclamation; shout; call out loudly, as acclaim my joy
Turbulence (noun)
a situation or event characterization by tumult
Execrable (adjective)
detestable; very bad; abominable
Carousal (noun)
a jovial feast or festival; a riotous drinking party
Remiss (adjective)
negligent; careless; showing neglect or inattention
Dilate (transitive verb)
enlarge or extend in size or bulk
Venturous (adjective)
courting danger; ready to meet risks; daring; bold
Anthrop (root)
human being
Philanthropy (noun)
the act of helping people by aid or donations
Misanthropy (noun)
hatred of human kind
Anthropology (noun)
scientific study of the origin, cultural development and behavior of humans
Anthropomorphism (noun)
the ascribing of human characteristics to animals
Anthropocentric (adjective)
regarding humankind as the center of the universe
Ostentatious (adjective)
characterized by or fond of unnecessary display
Tacit (adjective)
unspoken; silent, but implied
Rectify (transitive verb)
amend; correct; set right
Ulterior (adjective)
intentionally kept concealed
Artisan (noun)
a craftsman; a person manually skilled in making a particular product
Distend (transitive verb)
enlarge or swell from internal pressure
Distend (intransitive verb)
become extended or swollen
Banal (adjective)
uninteresting or lifeless; commonplace; lacking originality
Palliate (transitive verb)
cause a mistake or offense to appear less serious; cover up excuses
Supercilious (adjective)
haughtily disdainful or contemptuous
Raucous (adjective)
hoarse; disagreeably harsh
Protagonist (noun)
leading character in a play or novel
Ludicrous (adjective)
amusingly ridiculous
Intrepid (adjective)
fearless
Impromptu (adjective)
made or done without previous preparation
Transient (adjective)
passing especially quickly into and out of existence; temporary
Chivalrous (adjective)
marked by honor, generosity, and courtesy, especially toward women
Ascertain (transitive verb)
determine; find out with certainty
Diurnal (adjective)
daily; happening each day
Pandemonium (noun)
the abode of all demons; wild uproar, confusion
Surreptitious (adjective)
secret and unauthorized
Cid, Cis (root)
cut; kill
Incision (noun)
a cut; a gash
Concise (adjective)
succinct; saying much in a few words
Excision (noun)
act of cutting out or removing
Homicide (noun)
murder
Incisor (noun)
tooth for cutting food; one of eight front teeth in humans
Eulogistic (adjective)
relating to a speech of writing in high praise of someone or something
Repudiate (transitive verb)
disown; refuse to have anything to do with; reject as untrue or unjust
Carnivorous (adjective)
feeding on animal tissue
Vehement (adjective)
marked by strong feeling; forcibly expressed
Devout (adjective)
expression devotion, generally to religious practices; sincere; warmly devoted
Repellent (adjective)
serving or tending to drive away; arousing disgust
Ennui (noun)
a feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction; boredom
Verdant (adjective)
green with growing plants; unripe in experience or judgment
Carrion (noun)
dead and decaying flesh
Carte Blanche (noun)
full discretionary power; power of free decision, choice, judgement
Diminution (noun)
the act, process, or an instance of diminishing
Remedial (adjective)
intended to remedy or to improve
Venerate (transitive verb)
regard with reverential respect or with worshipful admiration
Defer (transitive verb)
put off; delay; delegate to another
Defer (intransitive verb)
submit; yield (as to another's wishes, opinion, or governance)
Adage (noun)
a saying, often in metaphorical form, that embodies a common observation
Ensue (intransitive verb)
come after time or as a result; follow
Zenith (noun)
the highest point; the cumulation point
Hypothetical (adjective)
assumed; depending on supposition
Superficial (adjective)
concerned only with the obvious or apparent; without substance
Disparage (transitive verb)
lower in esteem; belittle; speak slightly about
Cred (root)
believe; trust
Incredible (adjective)
hard to believe
Credential (noun)
something that recommends confidence in one
Credence (noun)
belief; faith; trust
Credulous (adjective)
gullible; too easily deceived
Creditable (adjective)
praiseworthy; commendable
Preeminent (adjective)
above others; prominent; superior
Unbridled (adjective)
unrestrained; violent
Nauseous (adjective)
sickening; affecting or affected with extreme disgust
Fulsome (adjective)
offensively excessive or insincere; exceeding in bounds of good taste
Tremor (noun)
a trembling (from disease or weakness); a feeling of uncertainty or anxiety
Functionary (noun)
one charged with the performance of a specific function
Prefatory (adjective)
located in front; preliminary; relating to or constituting a preface
Uncanny (adjective)
seeming to have a supernatural character or origin; eerie; dangerous
Nave (noun)
the main body of a church; the hub of a wheel
Baffle (transitive verb)
check or defeat by confusing or puzzling; frustrate the efforts of; check or break the flow of
Exhilarating (noun)
feeling or state of being excited, stimulated, invigorated
Rasping (adjective)
grating; scraping; raucous
Proponent (noun)
one who argues in favor of something; one who makes a proposal
Redundant (adjective)
exceeding what is necessary or normal; containing something excessive
Desultory (adjective)
marked by lack of a definite plan; aimless; without order or rational connection
Meringue (noun)
a delicate mixture of beaten egg white and powdered sugar, used as an icing or made into small cakes that are quickly browned
Unwitting (adjective)
not knowing; unaware; unintentional
Bludgeon (noun)
a short clublike weapon with one end loaded or thicker than the other
Bludgeon (transitive verb)
hit with heavy impact; overcome by aggressive argument
Toady (noun)
one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors (a toadeater)
Mete (transitive verb)
assign by measure; allot
Fid (root)
trusty; faith; faithful
Fidelity (noun)
loyalty; faithfulness; allegiance
Perfidy (noun)
treachery; betrayal; disloyalty
Diffident (adjective)
shy; lacking in self-condfidence
Fiduciary (adjective)
holding in trust (money or estate)
Affidavit (noun)
written statement sworn to be true