82 terms

Arts Education - Dance: Glossary

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Call and Response
An Africa tradition which refers to a dance leader who calls out or demonstrates dance steps to which the group responds by repeating or performing the correct steps or combination.
Canon
Movement which is performed identically but with multiple entry points.
Choreographic Structure
The specific compositional forms in which movement is structured to create a dance, such as theme, variation, canon, ABA, rondo, etc.
Choreography
1. The process of making a dance which involves the understanding of choreographic principles, processes, and structures. 2. The product that results from the process of choreography.
Circumduction
The movement of a body part so that its end follows a circular pathway.
Composition
1. A dance which has been created. 2. The way in which the parts of a dance are put together to form a whole.
Contrast
To compare or oppose two contrasting movement to show their differences. Movements might be different in terms of energy, space, design, or time.
Design
The general form of arrangement of movement or technical elements.
Dynamics
The energy movement expressed in varying intensity, accent, and quality.
AB
A two-part compositional form with an A theme and a B theme; the binary form consists of two distinct, self-contained sections that share either a character or quality (such as the same tempo, movement quality, or style)
ABA
A three-part compositional form in which the second section contrasts with the first section. The third section is a restatement of the first section in a condensed, abbreviated, or extended form.
Abduction
The movement of a body part away from the midline.
Abstract
To remove movement from a particular or representative context and, by manipulating it through the elements of space, time, and energy, create a new sequence or dance the reatins the essence of the original.
Accumulation
Repeating a sequence with the addition of one movement each time (e.g. 1, 12, 123, ect.)
Adduction
The movement of a body part toward the midline.
Aesthetic Criteria
Standards on which to make judgments about the artistic merit of a work of art.
Alignment
Proper anatomical placement.
Effort Actions
Press, Flick, Punch, Float, SLash, GLide, Wring, Dab.
Effort
Actions, as defined by Rudolf Laban, that are analyzed in terms of weight, time, space, and flow factors.
Energy
The amount of tension or stress of a movement; the flow and control of force. It is defined by the degress of impetus and follow through which are employed.
Ensemble
1. A group of dancers. 2. A feeling of continuity or togetherness that exist in performing dance.
Extension
Increasing the angle of joint.
Flexion
A bending or folding movement in which the angle of a joint decreases.
Flocking
A group activity that changes leaders as directions change.
Form
The overall structural organization of a dance composition (e.g. AB, ABA, Call and Response, etc.)
General Space
A defined area of space through which dancers can travel using all the available space.
Genre
A type or category of dance (e.g. jazz, modern, ballet, etc.)
Gesture
A movement of the body or a part of the body used to express an idea or emotion. Such movement could include a wave, handshake, head nod, shaking of the fist, etc. Ritual gesture may include gestures that are part of ceremonies or functional gestures such as brushing teeth or washing clothes.
Hyperextension
Extreme extension of a joint.
Improvisation
Movement that is created spontaneously, occurring within free or highly structured environments, but always with an element of chance. Provides the dancer with the opportunity to bring together elements quickly, and requires focus and concentration.
Informance
A sharing or showing of dance that demonstrates the process for how students arrive at the product or performance as a result of instruction, rather than focusing solely on the end result. An informance may include explanation or discussion.
Interdisciplinary Dance
A dance experience that explores specific dance concepts and related concepts from other content areas or disciplines.
Kinesthetic Awareness
The ability of the body's sensory organs in the muscles, tendons, and joints to respond to stimuli while dancing or viewing dance.
Labanotation
A symbolic notation for recording human and animal movement developed by Rudolph Laban.
Levels
The height of the dancer in relation to the floor. Levels in space are referred to as high, middle, and low.
Locomotor Movement
Movement that travels from place to place, usually identified by weight transference. Basic locomotor movements are walk, run, leap, hop, jump, skip, slide, and gallop.
Manipulation
A choreographic tool that helps to change and develop a movement or phrase.
Mirroring
A partnering activity that involves simultaneously following a leader's movement while facing that leader.
Narrative
A choreographic structure that is representational and in the form of a story.
Negative Space
The empty or open space created when the body makes a shape.
Non-locomotor/Axial Movement
Any movement that does not travel, but uses the available space in any direction (axial movement). Bending, twisting, stretching, and swinging are examples of axial movement.
Pantomime
Simulation of reality through movement.
Pathway
The path traced as movement proceeds through space. A pathway may be either on the floor or through the air and is constructed of straight and/or curved lines.
Pedestrian Movement
Everyday movement that may be incorporated into a dance.
Performance
1. To execute movements. 2. A presentation of dance choreography.
Personal Space
The "space bubble" or the kinesphere that one occupies; it includes all levels, planes, and directions, both near and far from the body's center.
Phrase
Brief series of related movements that have a sense of rhythmic completion.
Positive Space
The filled space created by the body when a space is made in space.
Retrograde
A compositional manipulation in which the movements in a phrase are performed from the end to the beginning as if rewinding the movements.
Rhythm
A structure of movement patterns in time.
Rondo
A form based on alternation between a repeated section (A) and contrasting episodes (B,C, etc.) i.e. ABACA
Rotation
The pivoting of a bone on its axis (internal-toward the body midline; external-away from the body midline).
Sequence
The order in which a series of movements and shapes occurs.
Shape
The spatial contour the body makes such as curved, angular, twisted, straight, symmetrical, or asymmetrical.
Space
The unlimited area which extends in all directions and within which all things exsit. Il involves use of level, pathway, shape, positive, and negative space, general and personal space, size, focus , and direction.
Style
A distinctive manner of moving; the characteristic way dance is done, created, or performed that identifies the dance of a particular performer, choreographer, or period.
Technology
Electronic media that can be used in dance such as videotapes, camcorders, CD and cassette players, stage lighting and sound, cameras, and computer software and hardware.
Tempo
The speed of movement such as fast, moderate, or slow.
Theme and Variation
A form in which an initial theme is established and then followed by variations. The variations are excursions from or alternative treatments of this basic theme without altering its essential character.
Theme
The underlying idea/motif or intent used to create movement.
Time
A concept which organizes movement; it encompasses tempo, rhythm, and duration.
Transition
Organize connection between dance movements that maintains flow and continuity in the dance.
Unison
Movements which are performed simultaneously and identically by more than one dancer.
Unity
A feeling of wholeness in a dance which is achieved when all of the parts work well together.
Variation
Manipulation of the original movement without losing the intent and character.
Warm-Up
Movements and/or movement phrases designed to raise the core body temperature, move the body through a preparatory range of movement, and bring the mind into focus to dance.
Profession
A calling requiring specialized knowledge and long intensive preparation.
Role
A part performed.
Warm-Up
To engage in exercise or practice.
Criterion
A standard on which a judgement or decision may be based.
Observation
To watch carefully especially with attention to details or behavior for purpose of arriving at a judgement.
Rubric
A guide listing specific criteria for grading or scoring.
Integration
The operation of finding a function whose differential is known.
Create
To produce through imaginative skills.
Audience
A group of listeners or spectators.
Clarity
The quality or state of being clear.
Focus
The state or condition permitting clear perception.
Position
A certain arrangement of body parts.
Critique
The act of discussing.
Convey
To communicate by statement, gesture, or appearance.
Communicate
To show knowledge of or information about.
Concentration
The act or process of the state of being.