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Science 1077, 4th Edition, Self Test
Terms in this set (32)
classification of any animal that has a backbone
carries messages from the brain
thorax and abdomen
parts of the trunk in a vertebrate's body
contains the brain in a vertebrate
bass and perch
most land-dwelling of all amphibians
lizard that can change the color of its skin
large reptile with a long, pointed nose
large reptile with a wide, round nose
The long column of bone segments along the back of each vertebrate is called the __________. or spinal column.
In an unconditioned ______________ action, the animal's response is the same every time the stimulus is the same.
Young vertebrates ___________ their instinctive behavior from their parents.
_____________ is a God-given, complex pattern of inborn behavior in animals.
Most vertebrates possess some level of ___________ response, which is a common form of learned behavior.
A response is ______________ when the animal always reacts the same way to a particular act, or stimulus.
_____________ vertebrates cannot maintain a constant body temperature.
Rays and skates are classified by scientists as __________________ fish because they have skeletons of cartilage rather than bone.
The _____________ shark is the longest shark.
Bony fish have simple skeletons made of real ________________.
Bony fish breathe by means of ______________.
Most fish use their ______________ to move through the water.
The change of amphibians from water-dwellers to land-dwellers is a type of __________________.
___________ are probably the most common of the amphibians.
During metamorphosis salamanders lose their gills and develop _______________ enabling them to live on land.
Most reptiles with feet have ___________ on their feet.
Reptiles do not undergo metamorphosis, but baby reptiles look like their __________.
A tortoise is a large land-dwelling ______________ with an arched shell.
Both snakes and lizards have an unusual sense organ in their mouths called the Jacobson's organ, which is used along with the tongue to _____________ their surroundings.
A snake's eyes are covered by a clear material and are always ___________.
Poisonous snakes have special teeth called "_______________."
A crocodile's ___________ is used as an oar when the animal is swimming or as a means of defense on land.
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