APES Laws Flash Cards
A list of laws that will possibly show up on the APES test
Terms in this set (39)
Clean Air Act
1970 Established primary and secondary air quality standards. Required states to develop implementation plans. Sets limits and goals to reduce mobile source air pollution and ambient air quality standards.
Clean Water Act
(1972) set maximum permissible amounts of water pollutants that can be discharged into waterways; aims to make surface waters swimmable and fishable
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation Liability Act (CERCLA /Superfund)
1980 Provided a fund to clean up hazardous waste sites (accidents, spills, and other releases of pollutants). EPA given the power to ensure cooperation in cleanup in someone caused the spill/accident.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
1973. international. Controls the exploitation of endangered species through international legislation. Bans hunting, capturing and selling of threatened species and bans the import of ivory.
Endangered Species Act
1973. authorizes the US fish and Wildlife service to determine which species can be listed as threatened or endangered and prohibits the harming of such species
1997 international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emission in developed/industrialized countries to 5.2 percent below 1990 levels by 2012 (uses precautionary principle and reduces emissions [fuel efficiency, fossil fuel alternatives] and removes gases from atmosphere [biomass and pumping])
-International treaty ratified in 1987 in which 180 nations agreed to restrict CFC production to curb stratospheric ozone depletion
Safe Drinking Water Act
1974., An act to protect public health by authorizing the EPA to set national health-based standards for drinking water.
Soil and Water Conservation Act
1977 law that requires the USDA to prepare national plans for soil and water conservation on private lands based on current resources available.
Solid Waste Disposal Act
1965, National. Promotes management of solid wastes and encourages research of improved methods of waste management.
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
national. 1977 requires coal strip mines to reclaim land. Reclamation should allow for the area to be resistant to soil erosion and, based on the soil requirements, fertilized and revegetated.
1964 Established the National Wilderness Preservation System with the goal of preserving federally owned land for present and future use.
Consumer Product Safety Act
1972- responsible for testing products, and giving warnings if the products have any possible faults
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
1938, EPA Assures the safety, wholesomeness, efficacy, and truthful packaging and labeling of food, drugs, cosmetics, and medical devices.,
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
1947 Requires all commercial pesticides to be approved by the EPA for general or restricted use, U.S. federal law that set up the basic U.S. system of pesticide regulation to protect applicators, consumers, and the environment.
Federal Water Pollution Control Act
1948; Authorized the surgeon general of the Public Health Service, with others, to prepare comprehensive programs for eliminating or reducing the pollution of interstate waters and tributaries and improving the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters.
Food Quality Protection Act
EPA.1996; set pesticide limits in food, and all active and inactive ingredients must be screened for estrogenic/endocrine effects
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
national law passed in 1969 requiring agencies to issue an environmental impact statement before undertaking any major action affecting the environment
National Park Act
Passed in 1916, this law established the National Park Service and preserved certain areas of nature and wilderness for future generations.
Nuclear Waste Policy Act
1982, Established a national program for disposal of highly radioactive wastes
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
a law passed in 1970 to improve the work environment in areas that affect the workers' health or safety, national
Ocean Dumping Ban Act
1988, allowed the EPA to regulate the dumping of hazardous chemicals into US waters
Oil Pollution Act
1990, parties responsible for oil spills have finicial liability, required companies to have plan to prevent oil spills, clean up plans, and banned large tankers in alaska
Pollution Prevention Act
1990 Established the national policy that pollution should be prevented or reduced at the source whenever feasible
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
1976. EPA to have control over hazardous waste. Pertained to transportation, storage, treatment, and disposal of hazardous waste. Created a framework for the proper management of non-hazardous waste materials.
Toxic Substances Control Act
A 1976 U.S. law that directs the Environmental Protection Agency to monitor thousands fo industrial chemicals and gives the EPA authority to regulate and ban substances found to pose excessive risk.
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
1968. Protects beautiful rivers and their surroundings from over use to ensure that it stays beautiful for generations. Restricts the use of dams or other interferences. National law.
U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act
1972, national, prohibits take of ALL marine mammal species in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens in international waters
emergence planning and right to know act
1986. purpose is to encourage and support emergency planning efforts at the state and local levels and to provide the public and local governments with information concerning potential chemical hazards present in their communities.
energy policy act
1992 Provides federal support for renewable energy technology and introduced radiation protection standards for Yucca Mountain
fish and wildlife conservation act
1980. national. Gave assistances to U.S. for the implementation of conservation plans/programs for non game fish and wildlife. Required the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to study mechanisms for funding.
food drug and cosmetic acts
1938 - led to the creation of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA); broadened definitions of 'misbranding' required that new drugs be proven safe for use and approved by FDA; labels were now required to include adequate directions for use and ingredients
hardrock mining and reclamation
2007, national. Regulates the mining of all ore, rock, or substances. Ensure that mineral development occurs with adequate protection of environmental resources.
law of the sea convention
1982.International. agreement that sets rules for the use of the world's oceans, which cover 70 percent of the Earth's surface.
marine plastic pollution research and control act
1987. EPA. US law that implements an international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships; prohibits dumping plastic debris everywhere in oceans
migratory bird hunting stamp act
1934. national. required waterfowl hunters to buy a federal duck-hunting license. Sale of these permits goes to waterfowl research and purchasing of land for waterfowl refuges.
national energy act
1977. national. established a tax on "gas-guzzling" automobiles, removed price conrols on US oil and natural gas, and provided tax credits for the development of alternative energy sources
national wildlife refuge system act
1903. An area set aside to serve as a haven for wildlife and also sometimes to encourage hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, photography, environmental education, and other public uses.
oil spill prevention and liability act
1990. national. strengthened EPA's ability to prevent and respond to catastrophic oil spills; established trust fund which is available to clean up spills