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Art 100 Midterm- Chapter 5

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The ancient Greeks developed a standard set of mathematical proportions used to create images of the "correct" or "perfect" human, as have many cultures both ancient and modern. This set of proportions was created using
the golden mean
Rather than depend solely upon visual unity, an artist will sometimes create what by unifying the ideas in a work of art
conceptual unity
Paul Klee's Landscape with Yellow Birds and Kaiho Yusho's Fish Nets Drying in the Sun share a strong use of
rhythm
The use of scale to indicate the relative importance of images in a work is known as
hierarchical scale
Henry Ossawa Tanner's The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through?
size and placement of figures, directional lines of sight leading to a focal point, contrasting values of dark skin against a pale background, and elimination of detail and bright colors in the background
What was Pieter Bruegel's painting of Landscape with the Fall of Icarus a good example of?
emphasis and focal point
Composition
the organization of lines, shapes, colors, and other art elements in a work of art; also known as design
Visual weight
the apparent heaviness or lightness of the forms arranged in a composition as gauges by how insistently they draw the viewers eye
Scale
size in relation to some normal or constant size
Hierarchical scale
the representation of more important figures as larger than less important figures, as when a king is portrayed on a larger scale than his attendees
Proportion
size relationships between parts of a whole or between two or more items perceived as a unit
What is rhythm?
repetition of elements
What is emphasis?
our attention is drawn more to certain parts of a composition than to others
What is subordination?
certain areas of the composition are purposefully made less visually interesting, so that the areas of emphasis stand out
What is asymmetrical balance?
two sides that do not match
What is symmetrical balance?
forms of a composition mirror each other across a central axis,
What is unity?
a sense of oneness, of things belonging together and making up a coherent whole
What is variety?
difference, which provides interest