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The protagonist, Old Cuban fisherman who has had a run of bad luck despite his expertise. His knowledge of the sea and its creatures, and of his craft, is unparalleled and helps him preserve a sense of hope regardless of circumstances. He is constantly met with obstacles that test his strength and endurance.
The young boy, Santiago is his mentor, he looks up to him and his deep appreciation for him causes him to recruit help from villagers to improve the old man's impoverished conditions. Brings Santiago things such as coffee in condensed milk cans, newspapers, and sardines.
What animal is Santiago fond of and why?
He was very fond of flying fish as they were his principal friends on the ocean. Also the porpoises: "They play and make jokes and love one another. They are our brothers like the flying fish."
What does Santiago call the sea and what does that mean?
He always thought of the sea as la mar which is what people call her in Spanish when they love her
What is another term people used for the sea and why?
el mar, they spoke of the sea as a contestant or a place or even an enemy
Owns the bodega in Santiago's village, he serves an important role in Santiago's life by providing him with newspapers that report the baseball scores.
Describe how he baits the lines
"One bait was down forty fathoms. The second was at seventy-five and the third and fourth were down in the blue water at one [30] hundred and one hundred and twenty-five fathoms. Each bait hung head down with the shank of the hook inside the bait fish, tied and sewed solid and all the projecting part of the hook, the curve, and the point was covered with fresh sardines. Each sardine was hooked through both eyes so that they made a half-garland on the projecting steel. There was no part of the hook that a great fish could feel which was not sweet smelling and good tasting. The boy had given him two fresh small tunas, or albacores, which hung on the two deepest lines like plummets and, on the others, he had a big blue runner and a yellow jack that had been used before; but they were in good condition still and had the excellent sardines to give them scent and attractiveness. Each line, as thick around as a big pencil, was looped onto a green-sapped stick so that any pull or touch on the bait would make the stick dip and each line had two forty-fathom coils which could be made fast to the other spare coils so that, if it were necessary, a fish could take out over three hundred fathoms of line."
How does Santiago keep the lines straight and at their proper depths?
By rowing gently
The Great DiMaggio
Baseball player for the Yankees, he is a hero and role model to Santiago for his strength and perseverance.
Storeowner on the terrace in Santiago's village. Manolin buys Santiago's supper: black beans, rice, fried bananas, and stew from him. He is a man of kindness who deserves to be repaid.
Another fisherman whom Santiago gives the head of his Marlin.
What did Santiago eat throughout the story? (in order)
each day he drinks a cup of shark liver oil from the big drum in the shack where many of the fishermen kept their gear
(on land) he gets a beer on the terrace from Manolin, black beans, rice, fried bananas, stew, and coffee
(at sea) he eats a ten-pound tuna he catches at sea (bonito), a dolphin (dorado) and flying fish in the stomach of it, small shrimps from yellow gulf weed, some of the marlin he killed to taste it
Describe Santiago's shack
" The shack was made of the tough budshields of the royal palm which are called guano and in it, there was a bed, a table, one chair, and a place on the dirt floor to cook with charcoal. On the brown walls of the flattened, overlapping leaves of the sturdy fibered [15] guano there was a picture in color of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and another of the Virgin of Cobre. These were relics of his wife. Once there had been a tinted photograph of his wife on the wall but he had taken it down because it made him too lonely to see it and it was on the shelf in the corner under his clean shirt."
Why did Santiago bring in the net at night?
"No one would steal from the old man but it was better to take the sail and the heavy lines home as the dew was bad for them and, though he was quite sure no local people would steal from him, the old man thought that a gaff and a harpoon were needless temptations to leave in a boat."
however it may be here was no cast net and the boy remembered when they had sold it. But they went through this fiction every day.
How old was Manolin the first time he went sailing with the old man?
5 yeas old
Who does the old man praise?
The Great DiMaggio, and the DiMaggio's father because he was a fisherman
How many times before had Santiago caught a fish weighing more than 1,000 lbs?
He had seen many that weighed more than a thousand pounds and he had caught two of that size in his life, but never alone.
What does Manolin catch with the other fisherman while Santiago is away?
One the first day, one the second, and two the third
Why does Santiago want the fish to jump?
"Now that it is daylight let him jump so that he'll fill the sacks along his backbone with air and then
he cannot go deep to die."
Where does Santiago say he will make a pilgrimage to?
The Virgin of Cobre
When the novella opens, how long has it been since Santiago last caught a fish?
84 days
Why can't Manolin fish with Santiago?
Manolin's parents refuse to let the boy fish with the old man because they believe Santiago is the worst form of unlucky, salao. Manolin and Santiago are not catching fish and Manolin's family needs the money
How does Hemingway describe Santiago's eyes?
they are the color of the sea..."Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same color as the sea and were
cheerful and undefeated."
Why do the other fisherman make fun or pity Santiago?
Santiago is an outsider because of his old age and is mocked because he can not catch any fish
How long does Santiago rest?
2 hours
What does Santiago constantly dream of, what do they symbolize for him?
He used to see the lions playing on the beaches of Africa, where he grew up, and he remembers that "they played like young cats in the dusk and he loved them". In the midst of his epic battle with the big fish, Santiago again dreams about them, the lions symbolize youth, strength, happiness, and hope for the old man.
Describe Santiagos relationship with Manolin
Santiago cares deeply for Manolin and Malolin takes care of Santiago even when he is not fishing
How does Santiago compare himself to the turtle?
Turtles have hearts that beat well after being butchered. Santiago says this is like his own heart that shows endurance
Describe the marlin
Long sword, smooth, two feet longer than the skiff, noble
What do the successful fisherman do with their catch?
"The successful fishermen of that day were already in and had butchered their marlin out and carried them laid full length across two planks, with two men staggering at the end of each plank, to the fish house where they waited for the ice truck to carry them to the market in Havana. Those who had caught sharks had taken them to the shark factory on the other side of the cove where they were hoisted on a block and tackle, their livers removed, their fins cut off and their hides skinned out and their flesh cut into strips for salting."
What does turtling do?
it kills the eyes
How long is the Marlin when the fisherman measure it?
eighteen feet
What does Santiago use as a pillow?
His rolled up trousers
What part of his body does Santiago not trust?
His left hand because it cramps up and he is humiliated by it
how does Santiago justify what he did to the marlin?
Santiago said it is the natural order of things and if u love him it is not a sin to kill, "I did it to keep me alive and feed many people"
Explain the significance of Santiago saying "the boy keeps me alive"
he is old and it will probably be his last chance to catch fish and he will live on by Manolin because he was his mentor
What does the tourist woman mistake the carcass of the Marlin for?
a shark
What shark makes the first attack?
A giant Mako shark "dentuso"
What sharks attack Santiago's Marlin and in what order?
first the Mako, then two shovel-nosed sharks "galanos," then a group of shovel-nosed sharks finish the Marlin
What weapons does Santiago use to fend off the sharks?
a harpoon, a knife tied to an oar, a club, and the tiller of his skiff
Why does Santiago not let his lines drift like the other fishermen?
He believes it is imprecise, and he strives always to be exact
During his great struggle with the marlin, what does Santiago wish repeatedly?
He wishes that the boy, Manolin, were with him
What does the old man use the bird for?
He follows the bird to find the fish
What animals does the Old Man dislike?
Portuguese Man-of-war and sharks
What awakens the old man?
The Marlin wakes him by jerking the line, startled he lands face first into the dead pile of dolphin
How many days did Manolin fish with Santiago on his 84 days of bad luck?
What happened once when Santiago and Manolin had bad luck?
They caught big fish for three weeks
What does the weary warbler that lands on Santiago's fishing line make the old man think of?
The predatory hawks that await the bird's arrival near land
In order to help himself catch the fish, what does Santiago do?
He decides to recite ten Hail Marys and ten Our Fathers
To give himself confidence, Santiago remembers his contest with "the great negro of Cienfuegos." At what sport did the old man beat this challenger?
Arm wrestling
The great Joe DiMaggio suffers from what affliction?
a bone spur in his heel
What happens upon the old man's return to his fishing village?
Manolin promises to sail with him
The old man remembers that once, when he killed a female marlin, the male marlin
Swam alongside the boat as though in mourning
Where does the story take place?
Havana Cuba
Describe the condition of Santiago's hands by the end of the novel
Scarred, callused, cut open and cramped
How does Manolin react to seeing Santiago in his hut all cut up at the end of the story?
he cries
At the end of the novel, how did Santiago feel about catching the marlin?
He felt that he tricked the marlin by going out so far. That his death was now for no reason and he feels bad about ever catching him in the first place.
The word 'Phosphorescence' means what?
The property of being luminous or reflecting light. Such as the scales of the marlin and tuna