Intro To Theater Chap. 1-6
Terms in this set (66)
Novels, short stories, poetry
Painting, sculptures, architecture & photography
Theater, dance, opera & music
Characteristics of Performing Arts
Movement through time, interpreters and creators, and an audience.
Elements of Theater
Audience, performers, a script, a director, theater space & Aesthetics
The blueprint for the production. Transforms raw material into a drama or a sequence of events that feature characters.
What Influenced Asian and non European Developments Into Modern Theater?
Realism & Expressionism
3 Patterns That Categorize Globalization
Interaction, adaption & collaboration
Theoretical Prototype on TV
A soap opera
Theater & Film
Provides dramatic material in the forms of science fiction, romance & domestic comedies.
Physical or psychological separation or detachment of audience from dramatic action. Usually considered necessary for artistic illusion
What Was Being Attempted?
Makes clear of the writers idea and if the directer presented the play as intended or differently. Makes clear to the audience what was happening on stage.
How Well Was The Attempt Succeeded?
Personal evaluation. How the directer and performers did and also how the audience responded.
Was The Attempt Worth Making?
Does the play fill legitimate purpose and is it meaningful? It compares the goal with achievement.
The starting point. The plan for production.
Humans! And also some form of aspect of human existance.
Who the play focuses on and how to interpret characters and events of the existing story. Lets us know who the play is about and how we will view them
Developing Dramatic Purpose
Probe human condition to provide an escape? Addresses a concern. Is this play going to teach us, frighten us, or use comedy to relieve a greater society problem?
Developing Dramatic Structure
1. Make a plot
2. Involving action to the plot
3. Involving conflict in the plot
4. Strongly opposed forced
5. Reasonable balance of power between opposed forces
Arrangement of events that have a secret scheme or a plan. What actually happens on stage, not what is talked about
Sequence of events liked by cause and effect with a beginning, middle and end.
Collision of opposite forces or persons to bring drama action.
Strongly Opposed Forces
Tension between characters that lead to conflict or climax. The struggle over imbalance. Used to achieve characters goals. They are powerful adversaries over each other.
Balance of Forces
People of conflict must be evenly matched in strength and determination.
1. sets the tone and style for entire play. Gives the type of play and sets up action and shoves them to a destination.
Obstacle and Complications
2. Hurdles blocking their path or goal (o). A new force that creates new balance of power and delays climax (c).
Crisis And Climaxes
3. Conflicts, obstacles, and complications that cause a new series of crisis. Point where action reaches confrontation or events take a turn.
Few scenes, short time passes, few locales, action begins chronologically close to climax
Many scenes over a long time, many locations, many extras
Repetition or reenactment of some proceeding or transaction that has an acquired meaning.
Repeating sequence of events containing its own order and logic. Patterns of events
Traditional plot replaced by an open ended serial structure. No climax, but stresses fragmentary rather than whole
Series of acts of episodes offered as a single presentation
Avant- Grande and Experimental
1. ritual and ceremony interest
2. emphasis on nonverbal theater (stress on body movements)
3. Reliance on improvision
4. Stress on physical environment of theater
5. Stress on each audience members developing his or her interpretation
Segments and Tableaux
Rapid movements on slow motion. Several actions at one time
Larger than life heroes. Kings, queens or noble figures. Human behavior at it best or worst
3 dimensional and highly individual, but also ordinary. They embody characteristics of an entire group
Has an outstanding trait of human behavior to the exclusion of virtually all other attributes. Stereotypes (the dumb blond waitress)
Dominant Trait Character
Trait or tendency that overshadows all others and appears to control the conduct character. (greed, anger, jealousy)
Suspension of Natural Laws
Actions in a comic play that do not have the same consequences as in real life.
Relies on ridiculous physical activity. Often violent in nature
Dramatic genre regarded as a subclass comedy with emphasis on plot complications and with few or no intellectual pretensions. Aims at entertainment & laughter
Knockabout physical humor. Gross exaggerations and some vulgarity
Wit, irony and exaggeration to expose or attack evil foolishness
Family situations. Used in many TV shows.
Comedy Of Manners
Uses verbal wit to depict the charm of its characters & exposes their social pretensions
Extreme situations. There is no tragedy even if the hero dies. It is heroic or noble characteristics and certain other traits of classic tragedy. Happy endings and optimistic views.
Emphasized actions and spectacular effects and also uses music, stock characters, and clearly defined villains and heroes. Creates strong emotions. Conflicts between good and evil. Suspenseful plot and climax after end of each act.
Importance of ordinary people. Family problems of middle/lower class characters
Tragic themes and noble characters but a happy ending. Combines tragic and comic elements
The Stanislavski System
Wrote a bunch of rules on how to make actors believable by reducing self and enhancing body, mind, and placing.
A state of complete freedom, letting the behavior of character come through effortlessly.
Concentration and Observation
Gifted performers appeared fully concentrated on some object, person or event while onstage. Referred the extent or range of concentration as a circle of attention.
Importance of Specifics
Emphasis on concrete details. A performer should never try to act in general, and they should never try to convey a feeling such as fear or love in some vague way.
Deals with the internal or subjective world of characters, that is their thoughts and emotions. Thinking and feeling as the character by feeling and thinking as the person.
The Magic If! If I did this.. or if I did that.. how would I behave?
Performers attention must always be focused on a series of physical actions linked together by the circumstances of the play. What? Why? How? and action is performed
Through Line Of A Role
In order to develop continuity in a part, the actor should find the super-objective of a character. What is, above all else, that the character wants during the play? What is their driving force?
Many performers tend to stop acting when they are not a main character, or lose their concentration when they are not talking. The playing together of all the performers
A tool intended to help performers achieve a sense of emotional truth onstage. By recalling sensory impressions of an experience in the past, emotions associated with that experience are aroused and can be used at the basis of feelings called for in a role in a play
Emphasized physical exercises and full control of the body
Synthesis and Integration
The inner emotions and feeling and the outer physical and vocal characteristics become one. The actor must discover the superobjective of the character and put together not only the spine of the role, but the outer aspects such as their walk, posture, or vocal delivery.
Person responsible for all creative and artistic activities for resident and repertory companies.
A director who believes that his or her role is to be the author of a production. Their point of view dominates that of the playwright, and the director make make textual changes and modifications
Person who coordinates all the rehearsals for the director and runs the actual show during its performances.
The person responsible for the business side of the production, including raising money.
The person responsible for the overall unity of a production and for coordinating the work of contributing artists.