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Physio Quiz - Tables / Figure 18-14

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Table 18-4
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Two "groups" in the thyroid
follicular epithelium
C cells
Follicular epithelium hormones
T3
T4
T3/T4 target:
most cells
T3/T4 hormonal effect
energy utilization
oxygen consumption
growth
development
Control of follicular epithelium / T3 and T4 - by what hormone?
TSH
C cell hormone:
calcitonin
Calcitonin targets (2)
bone
kidneys
Calcitonin ________________ Ca conc
decreases
Calcitonin is stimulated by:
elevated Ca levels
Parathyroid (chief) cell hormone:
PTH
PTH targets (2)
bone
kidneys
PTH ________________ Ca conc
increases
PTH is stimulated by:
low Ca levels
Table 18-5
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Cells of the pancreas:
alpha cells
beta cells
delta cells
F cells
Alpha cells produce:
glucagon
Glucagon targets: (2)
liver
adipose tissue
Glucagon - general function
mobilize stored energy
Alpha cells are stimulated by:
low blood glucose conc
Beta cells produce:
insulin
Insulin targets:
most cells
Insulin - general function
energy uptake
energy storage
Beta cells are stimulated by:
high blood glucose levels
Delta cells produce
GH-IH (somatostatin)
GH-IH targets: (2)
other islet cells
digestive epithelium
GH-IH - general function
-inhibits glucagon/insulin secretion
-slows nutrient absorption
Delta cells are stimulated by:
protein rich meal
F cells produce
pancreatic polypeptide (PP)
PP targets:
digestive organs
PP - general function
-inhibits digestive mechanisms
F cells are stimulated by:
protein rich meal
Psym
Table 18-6
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Intestines secrete:
many hormones
Intestinal hormones target:
regions / organs of digestive system
Intestinal hormone effects - general
coordinate digestive activities
Kidneys produce: (2)
EPO
calcitriol
EPO target:
red bone marrow
Calcitriol targets:
intestinal lining, bone, kidneys
EPO stimulates:
RBC production
Calcitriol stimulates:
Ca and phosphate absorption
Heart hormones:
ANP
BNP
ANP/BNP targets:
kidneys
hypothalamus
adrenal gland
ANP/BNP effect:
increase water/salt loss
decrease thirst
suppress secretion of ADH/aldosterone
Thymus produces:
thymosins
Thymosins target:
lymphocytes
other immune cells
Thymosin - general function
coordinate/regulate immune response
Adipose tissue produces:
leptin
Leptin targets:
hypothalamus
Leptin effects:
-suppression of appetite
-permissive effects on GnRH and gonadotropin synthesis
Table 18-7
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Two "groups" in the testes
interstitial cells
Nurse cells
Interstitial cells produce:
androgens
Androgens target:
most cells
Androgen effects:
-support sperm
-protein synthesis
-behaviors
What hormone regulates androgen release?
LH
Nurse cells produce:
inhibin
Inhibin target:
pituitary gland
Inhibin inhibits secretion of _____
FSH
Nurse cells are stimulated by:
FSH
Two "groups" of ovaries:
follicular cells
corpus luteum
Follicular cells produce: (2)
estrogens
inhibin
Estrogens target:
most cells
Estrogens effects:
-support follicle maturation
-sec sex characteristics
-behaviors
Estrogen release is stimulated by _______ and _________
FSH
LH
Inhibin targets:
pituitary
Inhibin inhibits secretion of _______
FSH
Inhibin is stimulated by:
FSH
Corpus luteum produces:
progesterone
Progesterone targets: (2)
uterus
mammary glands
Progesterone effects:
-preparation for implantation
-prepares mammary glands
_______ stimulates progesterone release
LH
Zona glomerulosa produces
mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)
Mineralocorticoids target:
kidneys
Mineralocorticoid effect:
reaborption of Na / water
Zona fasciculata produces
glucocorticoids
Glucocorticoids target:
most cells
Glucocorticoid effects:
-glucose/glycogen formation in liver
-release of amino acids and lipids
-anti-inflammatory
Zona reticularis releases:
androgens
Androgens target:
most cells
Adrenal medulla releases:
EPI
NEPI