39 terms

Spring 18 VESL Test #2 REVIEW, VESL Grammar Review

STUDY
PLAY
fair trade
the activity of making, buying, and selling products in a way that is considered right, for example, by making sure that the environment has not been damaged by making the goods, and that the people who grow or make a product have been paid a fair wage for it.
commitment (n.)
a promise to do something or to behave in a particular way. / Walt and Gary want their customers to know about Traven Global Coffee's ______________ to the environment.
as long as
we use it to say that one thing can happen or be true only if another thing happens or is true. / "You can play Nintendo __________________ you've finished your homework."
cooperative (n.)
a business or organization owned equally by all the people working there. / Many coffee farmers are members of _____________s that work together to sell their product and help their community.
organic (adj.)
relating to farming or gardening methods of growing food without using artificial chemicals, or produced or grown by these methods. / Some of the coffee they produce is ________________ and fair trade.
take part (phr. v.)
to be involved in an activity, sport, event etc with other people; to participate. / Walt's idea was for the contest winner to _______ ________ in the company's projects in Brazil and Peru.
document (v.)
to write about something, film it, or take photographs of it, in order to record information about it. / Eva is going to ____________ the contest experience because she is a good photographer.
procrastinate (v.)
to delay something that you should do, usually because you do not want to do it.
all set
an expression we often use to say "ready"
emphasize (v.)
to say something in a strong way or to show that something is very important. / Esther's mother ______________d education over beauty.
blend in (phr. v.)
if someone or something _______s ___ with people or objects, they match them or are similar to them and you do not notice them. / Teenagers usually want to _________ ____ with their friends.
badly (adv.)
to a large degree or extent; similar to "very much". / "I want that new phone really _________."

it is not related to "bad <-->good"
accomplish (v.)
to succeed in doing something, especially after trying really hard. / Esther has ____________ed many things, including a PhD in entomology.
assume (v.)
to think that something is true even when you do not have definite evidence or proof. / "Trump ___________s that people coming from Mexico are dangerous."
be about to (do something) (phr. v.)
if I'm _______ ____ do something, then I will do it very soon. / "I was _______ ____ fall asleep when you called!"
end up (phr. v.)
to be in a particular situation, state, or place after a series of events, especially when you did not plan it. / "We wanted to go to Los Angeles, but we _____ed ____ in Mexico!"
turn out (phr. v.)
to have a particular result. / "I made a cake last week and it _______ed _____ delicious!"
rural (adj.)
happening in or relating to the countryside, not the city. / Women in ____________ areas face many challenges.
urban (adj.)
relating to towns and cities. / ________ areas often have more opportunities for work, education, and health care for people.
mobilize (v.)
to encourage people to support something in an active way. / Women's Day is an opportunity to ___________ people to fight for equality.
campaign (n.)
a series of actions intended to achieve a particular result relating to politics or business, or a social improvement. / The #metoo movement is a ___________ against sexual harrassment.
counterpart (n.)
someone or something that has the same job or purpose as someone or something else in a different place. / The #metoo movement in the United States has ______________s around the world.
empower (v.)
to give someone more control over their own life or situation. / Education is a tool that can _____________ individuals and help them improve their lives.
gender pay gap (n.)
the difference in rates of pay between men and women. / The ______________________ is an issue around the world.
lack (n.)
when there is not enough of something, or none of it. / In many rural areas there is a _____________ of transportation, health care, and education for people.
infrastructure (n.)
the basic systems and structures that a country or organization needs in order to work properly, for example roads, railways, banks etc. / Rural areas often lack the ________________ that can help people become more economically successful.
decent (adj.)
of a good enough standard or quality. / Everyone deserves a job with a ____________ salary.
vulnerable (adj.)
someone who is ____________ can be easily harmed or hurt. / Poor people in rural areas are especially _____________ to the effects of climate change.
innovative (adj.)
an ___________________ idea or way of doing something is new, different, and better than those that existed before. / There are many ______________ ways that farming and agriculture can be made better for people.
feedback (n.)
advice, criticism, etc., about how successful or useful something is. / Walt will present his idea in a meeting and get ________________ from other people in the company.
"So am I!"
"I'm so bored!"
"Neither am I." (OR "me neither")
"I'm not going anywhere this weekend."
"So should I."
"I should go to the dentist soon."
"So do I."
"I want to go to the beach this weekend."
"Neither did I.
"I didn't study for the test."
the future in the past
In this sentence, "would" is used to talk about _____________.

"When we were kids, she made sure that we understood that school would always come first."
a repeated action/habit/or routine in the past. It is similar to "used to."
In this sentence, "would" is used to talk about ____________________.

"My friends would come to play every weekend and they would talk about their boyfriends."
passive
Active or Passive?

"Students are required to take the CASAS test."
"Paper is being wasted."
"Women were given the right to vote in 1920."
active
Active or Passive?

"The school requires all students to take the CASAS test."
"People in the office are wasting paper."
"The government gave women the right to vote in 1920."