Ch. 17 History Final
Terms in this set (20)
U.S. program to develop an atomic bomb for use in WWII
a restriction of people's right to buy unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods; often implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for the military.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Supreme Commander for Allied forces
June 6, the day on which the Allies launched an invasion of the European mainland during WWII; after invasion of Normandy
Invasion of Normandy
invasion in northern France; code named Operation Overlord
May 8, 1945 "Victory in Europe Day" General Eisenhower's acceptance of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany and the marking of the ending of WWII
General in charge of Allied forces on islands; pledged to return to Japanese Islands when he was ordered to leave in 1942
first Atomic Bomb dropping
GI Bill of Rights
name given to the Servicemen's Readjustment Act; law that provided financial and educational benefits for WWII veterans
Congress of Racial Equality
interracial group founded in 1942 by James Farmer to work against segregation in Northern cities
second Atomic Bomb dropping
Women were now able to serve in noncombat positions and minorites such as Japanese Americans, Mexican Americans, and African Americans fought in combat
How did U.S. military reflect the diversity of American society during WWII?
The government encouraged Americans to buy war bonds; War Production Board decided which companies would convert from peacetime to wartime production and allocated raw materials to key industries
How did the Federal Government's actions influence civilian life during WWII?
The Allies traveled in convoy systems; groups to protect each other of German U-boats
How did the Allies win control of the Atlantic between '41 and '43?
The non-aggression pact that Stalin and Hitler had signed was broken because Hitler invaded Stalin's ground; Soviet victory marked a turning point.
What was the significance of the Battle of Stalingrad?
It showed that the Germans could be beat; turning point
How did the Battle of the Bulge signal the beginning of the end of WWII?
Battle of Midway was a turning point because the Americans had avenged Pearl Harbor and started island hopping and won territory back from Japanese
Describe the Island War in the Pacific
He decided to use the bomb because Japan still had a huge army that would defend every inch of homeland and it was the only way to avoid an invasion of Japan
Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic weapon?
All extra money was used to buy war bonds while many people started to send in metal objects and started rationing their food
How did the economy change during WWII?
A. Philip Randolph organized a march on Washington in protest to discrimination both in the military and in industry; Roosevelt issued an executive order calling on employers and labor unions "to provide for the full and equitable participation of all workers in defense industries, without discrimination because of race, creed, color or national origin."
What events show the persistence of racial tensions during the war?