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Learning theories psychology AS Edexcel
Terms in this set (27)
What is stimulus generalisation?
Conditioned stimulus gets generalised for all similar neutral stimuli
What is extinction?
Conditioned response stops, gradually learn to disassociate, but not always lost
What is spontaneous recovery?
If pairing reoccurs= recovers
What is operant conditioning?
Learning through consequences
What is positive reinforcement?
Reward is being added
What is negative reinforcement?
Punishment is being taken away
What is positive punishment?
Adding a punishment to reduce repeating of behaviour
What is negative punishment?
Removal of desirable stimuli to reduce repeated behaviour
What is the social learning theory by Bandura?
Learning through observation
What are the stages of social learning?
What is vicarious reinforcement?
Witnessing someone else's good behaviour being rewarded
What is an example of operant conditioning shown in an experiment?
Skinner Box with pigeons
What are the four processes (in order) used in systematic desensitisation?
What does flooding rely on?
Stimulus presented quickly, continuously and no escape possible
What is a study of social learning in phobias ?
Dubi et al 2008: maternal modelling impacted young children fear and avoidance behaviour
What is an example of classical conditioning in phobias?
Watson and Rayner 12920, Little Albert
What are three weaknesses of the Little Albert experiment?
Lacks ecological validity
What are three strengths of the Little Albert experiment?
What type of design was used in Becker et al's 2002 contemporary study?
Independent groups design
What was the mean sample size of Fiji girls in Becker et al's study ?
What are three strengths of Becker et al's study?
Reliable questionnaire used (EAT-26)
What are three weaknesses of Becker et al's study?
Didn't study same girls
Lack of generalisability
Naive about TV
What is an example of flooding which was successfully used?
Barett 1969 treated a girl with a fear of snakes
What was the object used in Bandura's experiments?
What was the independent variable in Bandura's 1961 experiment?
If the role model was aggressive or not
What was the independent variable in Bandura's 1963 experiment?
If aggressive model was real,filmed or a cartoon
What was the independent variable in Bandura's 1965 experiment?
If the role model was rewarded or punished for being aggressive
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Learning AS Psychology Edexcel.
Social AS Psychology Edexcel.
Edexcel A Level Cognitive Psychology
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY EDEXCEL AS LEVEL
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