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Chapter 4 Greeks
Terms in this set (49)
a body of land with water on three sides
a new settlement that keeps close ties to its homeland
a market and a place where people meet and debate
a Greek city-state
a fortified area, usually on a hill
ordinary citizens in the army
the Mycenaeans most famous victory in battle
brought iron weapons to the Greeks
Navigation by the sun and stars
The Mycenaeans learned this from the Minoans
The time around 600BC is called this because people forgot how to read and write.
Early Greeks lived by
fishing, trade, herding goats and sheep.
Citizens of Greek city-states
People who were free, native-born, and land-owning men could be this.
The Greek alphabet was based on this alphabet.
where the Mycenaeans came to Greece from
what the Minoans made their living as
This civilization was the first to arise in ancient Greece.
This factor started the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization
The Greek city-states were run by them.
mountainous and dry
What the Greek peninsula is
No major rivers in Greece
The reason why Greeks did not settle along river valleys
a person who takes power by force and rules with total authority
the Spartan name for a captive worker
a few people hold power
all citizens share in running the government
focused on military service
focused on government and education
Became popular by giving land to landless farmers
The age Spartan men could return to their homes
conquered neighboring land
This is what Spartans did when they needed room for expansion
The type of leader who came to power in Greece around 600BC
Used by Sparta to control its citizens
Sparta women were trained in
Running, wrestling, and javelin throwing
a Athens boy's life was different from Spartan boy's life
Athenian boys went to school; Spartan boys served in the military
The 594BC Athenian ruler whose reforms were popular among the common people
wrote History of the Persian Wars
the capital city of Persia
the religion of Persia
means "protector of the kingdom"; an official who reported to the king
son of Darius; was king of Persian during the Persian Wars
Cyrus the Great
Persian king who united the Persians into a powerful kingdom
Darius divided the Persian Empire into 20 provinces called this
The king of Persia in 521BC who reorganized the government to make it work better
The Royal Road
this was built to connect the vast holdings of the Persian Empire
The area known today as southwestern Iran
First battle of the Persian Wars; Athenean army defeats the Persians
a narrow path through the mountains; a Greek traitor helped the Persians win this battle
Greeks assembled the largest army ever and crushed the Persian army, ending the war.
King Darius' power depended on this
Spartans and Athenians
These two rival armies worked together to defeat the Persians in 480BC
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