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Terms in this set (36)
Introduction of the Constitution that provides an explanation and purpose of the document.
1. Establishes and defines the powers of Congress.
a) House of Representatives, in which each state is represented according to its population;
b) Senate, in which each state has two senators.
Establishing the Executive Branch (Presidency)
Establishes the court system, including the Supreme Court and other courts that Congress establishes.
All states must give "full faith and credit" to the laws of other states.
Explains the process of amending the Constitution
Establishes the Constitution as the "supreme law of the land." (Supremacy Law)
Ratification- 9 of the 13 original colonies need to ratify the document for the Constitution to take effect.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution was a promise made to opponents of the original Constitution draft ensuring the individual liberties of US citizens.
Citizens have the freedom to choose and practice: Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petitioning the government.
Establishes the right of states to have militias and to "keep and bear arms."
The government cannot quarter any soldier in a person's house during peacetime without the owner's permission and in wartime except in a manner prescribed by law.
Freedom from "unreasonable searches and seizures."
Citizens are protected from double jeopardy, self incrimination, and private property taken without just compensation.
Right to a "speedy and public trial by an impartial jury." Right to a lawyer at a trial.
Right to a jury in civil courts if the amount is over $20
Protection from excessive bail and "cruel and unusual punishments."
Explains the rights in the Constitution does not imply that those are the only rights of a U.S. citizen.
The federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the Constitution and all other matters are reserved for the states
Individuals are unable to sue a state in federal court.
Revised the electoral process for the President and Vice President. (Share a ballot)
Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude
Due process and equal protection for all citizens
Provides voting rights for all citizens regardless of race
Instituted a national income tax on all citizens
Senators will be elected by their constituents
Denies the sale and consumption of alcohol.
Recognizes a woman's right to vote (women's suffrage)
"Lame Duck Amendment," establishes date of term starts for Congress (January 3) & the President (January 20).
Limit the terms that an individual can be elected as president (at most two terms). Individuals who have served over two years of someone else's term may not be elected more than once. The maximum is capped at 10yrs
Reserves the right of citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for their own Electors for presidential elections. DC gets 3 electoral votes
Poll taxes are prohibited
Allows for the Vice President to become president in the event of death, resignation, removal from office or impairment that prevents the current president from fulfilling his or her duties.
Lowers the voting age from 21 to 18
Salaries of Congress members will not be voted on until the beginning of the next terms of office for Representatives.
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