Terms in this set (26)
persistent and enduring process involved in and demonstrated by learning.
The sequence of memory
encoding, storage and retrieval
process of organizing, transforming, and recording information into the brain.
retention of information over time.
process involved in accessing information stored in memory.
Information Processing Model
suggests that memory is made up of a series of images stored in three areas: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory
Massive amounts of information from the environment enter and remain only momentarily.
Information that is stored for only 15 to 20 seconds, unless a decision is made to hold the information longer.
An active form of processing information that enters sensory memory and holds different information in memory long enough for a person to bring information together in a meaningful way.
The limitless capacity in terms of the amount and length of the time information can be stormed.
The encoding or attending to information without conscious awareness.
"stores" memory and retains information.
the visual memory picture of sensory that is available for recall for factions of a second after visual stimuli are presented.
the momentary sensory memory component for auditory stimuli, which only lasts for a few seconds when a person's attention is divided.
Hermann Ebbinghaus (German)
conducted memory experiments on himself in which he would repeat (effortful processing) a list of syllables aloud and test himself the following day.
Ebbinghaus (1913) concluded that the amount of the information he could recall on day 2 depended on how many times he read the list aloud to himself the following day. Ebbinghaus found that this information was quickly forgotten unless it was repeated often.
the constant repetition of information in order to keep it in a person's awareness and encode it into their memory, otherwise information is rapidly forgotten.
the brain structure associated with explicit memories that have to be consciously recalled.
the brain structured associated with coordinated movement and implicit memories that are automatically recalled.
Explicit memories (Declarative)
Factual knowledge that requires conscious effort to recall. Associated with hippocampus.
Implicit memories (Nondeclarative)
Memories that require little to no conscious effort at all. Associated with the cerebellum.
Massed practice (Cramming)
Rehearsing large quantities of information in one session which does not include breaks.
occurs when there is a failure to retrieve stored information. Forgetting may occur at any point during information processing, encoding, storage or retrieval.
the profound memory loss, typically associated with injury to the brain.
A condition in which memory loss occurs regarding events that took place prior to the onset of amnesia.
A condition involving memory loss for events occurring after the onset of amnesia.