67 terms

Aeneid Characters for AP

Aeneid characters for Dr. White's Latin IV class semester exam
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Achates
Trojan warrior and close companion of Aeneas, oftern described in the poem with the epithet fidus
Aeneas
Trojan prince, son of Venus and Anchises, and legendary founder of the Romans
Anchises
a member of the Trojan royal house and father of Aeneas by Venus
Andromache
wife of Hector
Ascanius
son of Aeneas and his wife Creusa, also called Ilus and Iulus; legendary founder of the Latin town of Alba Longa.
Cassandra
daughter of Prism and Hecuba, she was given prophetic powers by Apollo but, scorning his amorous advances, was then cursed by the god with always prophesying the truth but never being believed
Creusa
Aeneas' first wife and mother of Iulus/Ascanius
Dardanus
son of Zeus and Electra, founder of Dardania in the Troad, and ancestor of Priam
Deiphobus
a Trojan prince who married Helen after Paris' death and whose shade Aeneas encounters in the Underworld in Book VI.
Hector
oldest son of Priam and Hecuba, and Troy's most renowned hero in the Trojan War. The foremost Trojan prince.
Hecuba
wife of Priam and mother to many of his children, including Hector, Cassandra, and Polites
Laocoon
one of Priam's sons, a priest of Apollo who had offended that god by making his love to his wife in the god's temple; his story was the subject of a lost tragedy by Sophocles, which was likely a source for Vergil.
Orontes
a Lycian warrior
Paris
a Trojan prince, son of king Priam
Priam
king of Troy
Teucer
father-in-law of Dardanus and ancestor of the Trojan kings
Achilles
son of Peleus and Thetis, Greek chieftain in the Trojan War and hero of Homer's Iliad
Ajax
a Greek hero in the Trojan War, son of Oileus - the so-called "lesser Ajax," not to be confused with the more renowned Ajax, son of Telamon.
Atrides
son/descendant of Atreus (i.e. Menelaus, king of Sparta, and Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and commander of the Greek forces at Troy).
Menealus
king of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen
Neoptolemus
known also as Pyrrhus, son of Achilles; slayed Priam and his son Polites
Pelides
son of Peleus (king of Phthia and husband of Thetis), Achilles
Tydides
son of Tydeus: Diomedes-one of the most foremost Greek leaders in the Trojan War; Aeneas was nearly slain by him in hand-to-hand combat (Iliad)
Ulysses
Roman name for the Greek hero Odysseus, who was noted as much for his guile as for his valoe
Aeolus
mythic king of the winds
Calliope
foremost of the nine Muses and the patron deity of epic
Mycenae
a city in the Argolid in southern Greece, home of King Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War
Pegama
the citadel of Troy; Troy
Phoenicia
country along the eastern Mediterranean coast, former home of Dido
Punicus
Punic, Carthaginian
Samos
an island off the coast of Asia Minor, birthplace of Juno, and an important cult center
Deiopeia
fairest of the Nymps who attended Juno; elsewhere in Virgil, an attendant of Cyrene.
Sparta
a city of southern Greece noted for its militarism and the hardiness of its athletic young women. A major city in the Greek Peloponnese, home of Helen and Menelaus
Teucria
Troy
Tenedos
modern Bozcaada, an island a few miles off the coast of Troy, associated in Homer's Iliad with Apollo
Thybris
the river Tiber, on which Rome was situated; Tiber, eponymous god of the river
Tritonis
lake in north Africa, near the birthplace of Athena/ Minerva and sacred to her
Tyndareus
king of Sparta and husband of Leda; father of Helen
Tyre
capital of Phoenicia
Acestes
a Sicilian king and friend of Aeneas
Amazon
a member of the mythic northern tribe of female warriors, allies of the Trojans who came to their aid after the death of Hector
Argives
citizens of Argos in southern Greece, site of a major temple to Juno; Greeks
Caesar
possibly Gaius Julius Caesar, who adopted Augustus, who took the former's name
Danaans
descendants of Danaus, legendary king of Argos; the name was commonly used of the Greeks in the Trojan War
Dido
Queen of Carthage and daughter of the Tyrian king Belus, first named here and of course a major player throughout Aeneid
Dolopians
another Thessalian (Greek) tribe, connected with Achilles' son Pyrrhus
Myrmidons
a tribe in Thessaly, led by Achilles in the Trojan War
Pygmalion
brother of Dido and co-heir of the throne at Tyre
Rutulus
an ancient Latin tribe who, under the leadership of its prince Turnus, would prove fierce in its opposition of the Trojan incursion
Sychaeus
deceased husband of Dido
Teucri
descendants of Teucer (father-in-aw of Dardanus and ancestor of the Trojan kings), Trojans
Erinys
a Fury;; the spirit of revenge and destructive violence
Fides
Good Faith, personified and worshiped as a goddess. Was from earliest times venerated as one of the prime Roman virtues
Orcus
Dis; the god of the underworld
Pallas
Pallas (Athena), Minerva...originally in Italy Minderca was goddess of the household arts, but through her identification with the Greek Athena, a goddess of warfare as well.
Parcae
the Fates
Penates
gods who protected the Roman food store and, by extension, the household, the family and the state
Quirinus
a god worshiped on Rome's Quirinal Hill, associated with Mars and identified with the deified Romulus
Saturnia
Juno
Aeolia
home of Aeolus, in the Aeolian, or Lipari, Islands
Alba Longa
a city south of Roe and east of Lavinium. According to tradition, Alba Longa was founded by Aeneas; son of Ascanius, whose descendants ruled for three centuries before establishing a new settlement at Rome
Dardania
Dardania,Troy
Hesperia
the land to the west.. Italy
Ilium
another name for the city of Troy
Ithaca
a small island off the west coast of Greece, legendary home of Ulysses
Lavinium
a large town south of Rome Important during the early Republic. According to tradition, Lavinium was founded by Aeneas near the site where he and his followers first landed in Latium and named after the Latin princess Lavinia, whom he ultimately made his bride
Mt. Ida
a mountain range southeast of Troy, site of the judgment of Paris and sacred to the goddess Cybele