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Theatre Appreciation practice test

STUDY
PLAY
Resident Theatre
a professional, nonprofit organization that maintains a constant presence in a community and produces an entire season of plays; hire both local artist and others around the country; often maintain multitheatre complex
Regional Theatre
= Resident Theatre; oldest ones were founded to establish theatres in other areas of the country besides New York City
Commercial Theatre
Shows that are produced to earn a profit for investors
Amateur Theatre
is used when practitioners do not rely on theatrical activity for thei livelihood; typically nonprofit, office tickets plus bonds, institutional subsidy, and other fundraising
Community Theatre
is used when practitioners do not rely on theatrical activity for thei livelihood; typically nonprofit, office tickets plus bonds, institutional subsidy, and other fundraising
Educational Theatre
may be extracurricular or integrated into classroom structure; elementary theatre is for developing student skills and widen interest, while college is for professional training
Non-profit Theatre
May be professional, but are not commercial; earn no money
Broadway Theatre
area of New York and the size of the house in New York commercial theatre
Off-Broadway Theatre
Commercial theatre in New York with fewer than 500 seats in Manhattan, not located in "Broadway District"; term from 1955
Off-Off Broadway Theatre
performers that occurred outside of the traditional theatre spaces of Broadway and Off - Broadway; term was coined in the 19060's in New York
Hybrid Theatre
theatres that do not fit into either the professional or amateur category; young performers use the word "semiprofessional" because they are in the middle but growing to profession
Empathy
Emotional identification; in theater it is a sense of participation, an Identification with character; occurs when you feel along with the characters
Aesthetic Distance
Psychological separation , or sense of detachment; recognizing that it is a theatrical event, not really happening
Catharsis
purging of emotions; emotional release; used to describe the audiences emotions at the end of the play; term used by Greek philosopher Aristotle
Alienation Effect
the use of nonrelated devices in theatre to create aesthetic distance; term used by Bertolt Brecht
Arena
Stage is completely surrounded by the audience; "Theatre in the round"
Proscenium
an actor/audience configuration in which the audience is on only one side of the performance area; all audience members face the same direction; also known as the proscenium theare
Thrust
stage is surrounded by three sides with audience
Black box
A flexible theatre space designed to be rearranged
Upstage
The area farthest from the audience; abbreviated U
Downstage
the stage area closest to the audience; abbreviated B
Wings
the areas on the right and left of the stage for actors, crew, and scenery not yet used in the performance
Vomitories
an entrance to elevated seating for the audience that runs underneath the audience and comes up to empty out into the seating area
Playwright
author of the play
Producer
handles business aspects of the show
Director
oversees the artistic aspects of the show
Casting Director
a specialist in finding actors for specific roles who assists the director in some professional productions
Scenic Designer
creates visual home for the play
Costume Designer
designs costumers for the show
Lighting Designer
helps establish mood, place, and intensity of light
Sound Designer
creates soundtrack (recorded or live)
Stage Manager
oversees the entire production crew, rehearsals and performance (business person in theatre)
Components of Production
Play with actor, Sets, Lights, Costumes, props
Front of House
theatre operations that deal directly with the audience (such as ticket sales and assistance in finding seats)
Actor
a person who embodies a character on the stage; Latin word actor meant "doer"
Chorus
a group of performs working together vocally and physically; interacted with and responded to actors; was an important element of ancient Greek theater
Mimesis
as defined by Aristotle, the artist's process of imitating character and action
Hypokrites
original Greek word for actor; literally translated "answerer"
Dithyramb
In ancient Greece, a choric presentation sung and danced in homage to the god Dionysus
Theatron
the audience seating area in the theatre of ancient Greece
Skene
In ancient Greece, a stage house upstage of the circular orchestra (source for words scene and scenery)
Orchestra
pit: where orchestra plays, house: first level of seating; Greek performance space, translated in to "dancing place"
Acropolis
the hill that's at the theater of Dionysus
Liturgical Drama
Plays that performed by the clergy in Latin as part of the worship service in Christian monasteries and cathedrals during the Middle ages
Mystery Plays
medieval plays bases on biblical stories; "Mesterie"
Cycles
Collections of medieval religious plays
Miracle Plays
medieval plays based on the lives of saints
Pageants
movable stages on wagons; of the medieval era
Morality Plays
allegorical religious plays about the human struggle with good and evil
Quem Quaeritis
oldest surviving liturgical drama; "Whom do you seek?"
Plato's attitude toward theatre
did not like theatre; he thought it is a corrupt society
Elements necessary for theatre to exist, according to Peter Brook
actor, audience, and space
Purpose of theatre, according to Horace
to teach and please
Aristotle
wrote the poetics; Catharsis
Plato
actors are presenting untruths
Peter Brook
Wrote "the Empty Space"
Bertolt Brecht
Alienation effect
Demosthenes
Greek Orator; public speaker
Aeschylus
Greek dramatists who wrote tragedy; added a 2nd actor
Sophocles
Greek dramatists who wrote tragedy; added a 3rd actor
Aristophanes
Greek dramatists who wrote Comedy
Euripides
Greek dramatists who wrote tragedy
Menander
Greek dramatists who wrote comedy; "The Groudge"
Thespis
First actor; started the introduction of dialog
Dionysus
Greek god of wine and futility
Terence
roman dramatists who wrote comedy
Plautus
roman dramatists who wrote comedy
Seneca
roman dramatists who wrote tragedy; work was most likely not performed
Osiris
left his body on earth to explore the afterworld; Egyptian god; the priest used theatrical events to honor him
Herodotus
Greek historian; were we got the records of theatrical events
Tertullian
that actors are sinful; he looked forward to seeing them burn in hell