Chapter 9 AP Gov Vocab
Terms in this set (34)
Paid professional hired to devise campaign strategy and manage a campaign
Campaign professional who directs fundraising, campaign spending, and compliance with campaign finance laws and reporting requirements.
Person/firm who conducts public opinion polls for the campaign
Professional specialist who plans the communications strategy and advertising campaign for the candidate
Individual who interacts directly with the journalists covering the campaign
Get Out the Vote (GOTV)
Multiple efforts expended by campaigns to persuaders voters to participate on election day
A poll taken for the candidate on a nearly daily basis as Election day approaches
A small group of individuals who are led in discussion by a professional consultant
corrupt practices acts
A series of acts passed by Congress in an attempt to limit and regulate the size and sources of contributions and expenditures in political campaigns.
Act passed in 1993:
-restricted political activities of government employees
-prohibited Political group from spending more than $3 million in any campaign and set limit of of individual contributions to a campaign committee to $5,000
Reference to political contributions and spending that is recorder under the regulations set forth in law and by the federal election commission
Political Action Comittee
A committee set up by and representing a corporation, labor union, or special-interest group.
-raise and give campaign donations
Campaign contributions unregulated by state law, usually given to parties and party committees
issue advocacy advertising
Advertising paid for by interest groups that support or oppose a candidate's position on an issue without mentioning voting or elections.
A political committee that can accept unlimited contributions to spend supporting a candidate as long as it's efforts are not coordinated with the candidate's own campaign
Non regulated contributions from PACs, organizations, and individuals. The funds may be spent on advertising or other campaign activities
A statewide primary election of delegates to a political party's national convention, held to determine a party's presidential nominee.
A presidential primary in which contending candidates compete for popularity votes but the results do not control the selection of delegates to the national convention
A party or elected official who is given the right to vote at the party's national convention. Superdelegates are not elected at the state level
The presidential candidate who appears to be ahead at a given time in the primary season.
The practice of moving presidential primary elections to the early part of the campaign to maximize the impact of these primaries on the nomination.
A committee used by the political parties at the national conventions to determine which delegates may participate. The committee inspects the claim of each prospective delegate to be seated as a legitimate representative of his or her state
A state likely to be so closely fought that the campaigns devote exceptional effort to winning the popular and electoral vote there
The percentage of citizens taking part in the election process; the number of eligible voters who actually "turn out" on Election day to vote.
Rational ignorance effect
When people intentionally avoid informing themselves on an issue because they believe that their vote will not be a deciding one; lack of incentive to seek necessary info to cast an intelligent vote.
The entry of a person's name onto the list of registered voters for elections.
-Must meet age, citizenship, and residency requirements
A meeting of party members designed to select candidates and propose policies
A type of primary in which the voter is limited to choosing candidates of the party in which he or she is a member
A primary in which any registered voter can vote, but must vote for candidates of only one party
Secret ballot prepared, distributed, and tabulated by government officials at public expense.
-Since 1888, all U.S. states have used this ballot rather than an open, public one.
office-block or Massachusetts ballot
General election ballot where candidates for elective office are grouped together under the title of each office.
-Emphasizes voting for the office and the individual candidate, rather than for the party
party-column or Indiana ballot
General election ballot where all of a party's candidates for elective office are arranged in one column under the party's label and symbol.
-Emphasizes voting for the party, rather than for office or individual
The individual of a popular candidate on the electoral success of other candidates on the same party ticket. The effect is increased by the party-column ballot, which encourages straight-ticket voting.
Member of electoral college.
-selects president & Vice President
-Each state's electors are chosen in each presidential election year according to state laws